Land and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) | Land Portal

UN member States endorsed the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and committed to implement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)- a set of 17 Global Goals, in a 15-year period. The SDGs contain land-related targets and indicators under SDGs 1, 2, 5, 11 and 15.  Many national, regional and global organizations and stakeholders working in the land sector are committed to implementing the SDGs and monitoring the land-related indicators to promote responsible land governance and secure tenure rights for all. Land is a key economic resource inextricably linked to access to, use of and control over other economic and productive resources thus, critical to achieving the SDGs.

Oxfam together with the International Land Coalition, analyzed the Voluntary National Reports submitted by national governments to the High Level Political Forum 2020 with emphasis on land-related SDG progress. Despite some positive developments, the analysis concludes that land rights have not yet been prioritized in many countries. The report also shows that it needs strong political commitment, resources, and multi-sectoral efforts to fulfill the land-related SDG indicators.

For 2022, 46 countries have volunteered to submit progress reports to the 2022 HLPF.

The official metadata are available at the SDG UN Metadata website

Learn more about this initiative.

Discover the five targets and 13 indicators related to land:

Target
1.4

By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance

Indicator
1.4.2

Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure

Target
2.3

By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment

Indicator
2.3.1

Volume of production per labour unit by classes of farming/pastoral/forestry enterprise size

Indicator
2.3.2

Average income of small-scale food producers, by sex and indigenous status

Target
2.4

By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality

Indicator
2.4.1

Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture

Target
5.a

Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws

Indicator
5.a.1

(a) Proportion of total agricultural population with ownership or secure rights over agricultural land, by sex; (b) share of women among owners or rights-bearers of agricultural land, by type of tenure

Indicator
5.a.2

Proportion of countries where the legal framework (including customary law) guarantees women’s equal rights to land ownership and/or control

Target
11.1

By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums

Indicator
11.1.1

Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing

Target
11.3

By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries

Indicator
11.3.1

Ratio of land consumption rate to population growth rate

Target
11.7

By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities

Indicator
11.7.1

Average share of the built-up area of cities that is open space for public use for all, by sex, age and persons with disabilities

Target
15.1

By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements

Indicator
15.1.1

Forest area as a proportion of total land area

Indicator
15.1.2

Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type

Target
15.2

By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally

    Indicator
    15.2.1

    Progress towards sustainable forest management

    Target
    15.3

    By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world

    Indicator
    15.3.1

    Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area

    Land-related SDG timeline

    Track important decisions for each indicator, from conception through to upcoming decision meetings. Zoom in and out and swipe left and right to see details.

    News and Blogs

    20 March 2017
    Authors: 
    Mr. Peter Veit
    Katie Reytar
    Mexico
    Brazil
    Canada
    China
    Australia

    When more than 1,200 land rights experts converge on the World Bank’s Washington, DC headquarters today for the 18th Annual Land and Poverty Conference, participants from government, civil society groups, private sector and donor agencies will focus on how they can use data and other evidence to reform land policies, identify strategies for expansion and find ways to monitor progress.

    Fann Mountains, photo by Irna Hofman (all rights reserved)
    3 December 2021
    Authors: 
    Paul Prettitore
    Global

    Land tenure—the formal and informal relationship individuals and groups form with land—effectively determines who uses what land under which conditions. Tenure security is important to promote rural resilience and climate change adaptationbuild endowments of assets, and provide adequate housing. But land tenure security is not static.

    Pan-African Conference on Community Land Rights identifies urgent collective land rights reforms and women’s rights as critical for securing social peace in Africa
    15 October 2021
    Africa
    Madagascar

    Delegates from 12 countries united in Lomé, Togo for the 3rd Conference by the African Land Institutions Network for Community Rights (ALIN); They highlighted successes and challenges from ongoing community land rights reforms in their countries, and charted a roadmap for the future; The conference, hosted by the Government of Togo, was initiated by the Rights and Resourc

    1 November 2021
    Authors: 
    David Kaimowitz
    Global

    As leaders from around the globe gather for the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 26), it is vital that they recognize two important facts. The first is that we cannot reach climate goals without protecting and sustainably managing the carbon-absorbing forests that cover a third of the Earth’s land surface.

    Dar es Salaam area
    9 September 2021
    Tanzania

    As it was widely reported in the newspapers of August 12, 2021, the government in partnership with NMB Bank, has launched a five-year Plot Loan scheme to enable land owners in informal settlements to survey and get title to their land. This was in part a result of the realisation that land owners were finding it difficult to foot the cost of surveying, registering and obtaining title deeds.

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