SDG indicator 15.1.1 measures the relative extent of forest area in a given country. According to the metadata document, the availability of accurate data on a country's forest area is crucial for forest policy and planning within the context of sustainable development. Changes in forest area reflect the demand for land for non-forest uses and may help identify unsustainable practices in the forestry and agricultural sector. Forest area as a percentage of total land area may be used as a rough proxy for analyzing the extent to which forests are being conserved or restored, but it is only partially an indicator of whether forests are being sustainably managed.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO is also a source of knowledge and information.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the leading global environmental authority that sets the global environmental agenda, promotes the coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development within the United Nations system and serves as an authoritative advocate for the global environment.
UNEP work encompasses: