Explore land rights and governance issues using the filters below, and browse our collection of 60+ country portfolios developed in collaboration with local partners from around the world.
Honduras is a lower-middle-income country with 51% of its population living below the national extreme poverty line, while 52% of the population lives in rural areas. Honduras’ economy is largely based on services, and 13% of the total GDP relies on agriculture.
Land is an important source of identity, symbol of social status and foundation for rural power in India, often carrying significant emotional attachment. With a long history, diverse geography and pluralistic culture, land governance has evolved in India through communal, imperial, feudal, colonial and modern systems, gradually moving towards individualization and conclusive titling.
Indonesian development policies have for the past several decades focused on rapid economic growth, without a targeted strategy to benefit the least powerful groups, such as landless and land-poor agricultural laborers in the densely populated agricultural districts and the equally poor forest-dwelling communities in the less populated islands.
Since its independence in 1960, Ivory Coast experienced a long period of stability and economic growth thanks to the investments in the agricultural sector. However, in 1980 rapid population growth and internal migration from urban to rural areas increased the pressure on the management and distribution of natural resources, which gave rise to a series of conflicts over land. The 1999 Coup d’Etat exacerbated the situation, as conflicts and political instability spread, particularly in relation to the control of land.
Jamaica is a Caribbean island with a population of approximately 2.6 million people that mostly live in rural areas and largely depend on the county’s natural resources. Jamaica’s population is 47% rural, with the majority of poor people living in rural areas.
Kenya has a land size of 582,646 Square Kilometers, 97.8% comprising of land and 2.2% water surfaces. 20% of the land area is classified as medium to high potential land and 80% as Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL). Land has a central position in Kenya’s social, economic and political history. An estimated 75% of the country’s population depends on land for their livelihoods, making the ownership, management and control of the resource of great importance.
Since Kyrgyzstan became independent in 1991, the government started investing in the agricultural sector for the economic growth of the country. State owned enterprises were abolished in favor of smallholder enterprises.
A landlocked country of 7 million between the Mekong River and Annamite Cordillera, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR or Laos) has the lowest population density in Southeast Asia. Officially, over 81% of land is classified as forest, and only 6.5% is arable land.
Liberia’s 14-year civil war—fueled in part by conflicts over land and natural resource rights—has had a devastating impact on the lives and livelihoods of its people. Today, more than a decade into the post-conflict reconstruction period, Liberians are working to rebuild their economy and institute reforms that would promote equitable access to land and resources, secure tenure, investment, and development. Progress, however, has been stymied by a host of challenges— from a lack of infrastructure to the Ebola epidemic in 2014.
Libya was governed for 42 years by Colonel Muammar Gaddafi until the revolution of 2011.Since the end of the Gaddafi regime, Libya has experienced an unstable political situation, and the new government has not yet clarified if property rights will be reformed. The country has a population of 6.2 million, of which approximately 23% is rural.
Madagascar is a country with an abundance of natural resources that have attracted an increasing number of investments and tourists. The economy of the country is largely dependent on agriculture, which also provides the livelihood for more than 60% of the population. However, the economic growth of the country slowed down after de coup d’etat of 2009, which was in part the consequence of the government’s decision to grant or lease agricultural land to a South Korea company.
Learn more about successes and challenges and find more detailed land governance data in Madagascar.
Malawi is a small and landlocked country whose economy is mainly based on agriculture. 49% of the total land is agricultural land, 81% of the total population is rural and the majority of the agricultural sector is made up of farmers cultivating small plots of land for their own consumption.