Pasar al contenido principal

page search

Displaying 25 - 36 of 1459

Valuing the Benefits and Enhancing Access: Community and Allotment Gardens in Urban Melbourne, Australia

Peer-reviewed publication
Diciembre, 2021
Australia

The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of the benefits and challenges experienced by community and allotment gardens utilising a broad theoretical analysis, pertaining to the case study of Melbourne, a city in Australia that until recently has been experiencing significant population growth and urban densification. The study involved qualitative, semi-structured interviews with 23 participants from six urban community and allotment gardens.

What Drives Residential Land Expansion and Densification? An Analysis of Growing and Shrinking Regions

Peer-reviewed publication
Diciembre, 2021
Global

While the driving factors of urban growth and urban sprawl have repeatedly been studied, the implications for residential densities presumably differ in growing and shrinking regions. Thus far, those differences have received little attention. This paper examined the dynamics of urban growth and shrinkage across EU regions, using residential densities as an explanatory factor to analyse the underlying dynamics.

A Decision-Making Tool for Urban Planners: A Framework to Model the Interdependency among Land Use, Accessibility, Density, and Surface Runoff in Urban Areas

Peer-reviewed publication
Diciembre, 2021
Global

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the four-dimensional relationship between land use, accessibility, density, and surface runoff in urban areas. In contemporary literature, a series of studies have been conducted that extensively discuss the natural components associated with the surface runoff in urban areas. However, the dynamic and complex dimensions of the urban form, such as land use, accessibility, and density, are yet to be fully understood.

Anthropogenic Land Use Change and Adoption of Climate Smart Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa

Peer-reviewed publication
Diciembre, 2021
Global

Compelling evidence in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) shows that Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) has a positive impact on agricultural productivity. However, the uptake of CSA remains low, which is related to anthropogenic, or human-related, decisions about CSA and agricultural land use. This paper assesses households’ decisions to allocate agricultural land to CSA technologies across space and over time. We use the state-contingent theory, mixed methods, and mixed data sources. While agricultural land is increasing, forest land is decreasing across countries in SSA.

The Right to Land: To Whom Belongs after a Reconciliation Law in Egypt

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2021
Egypt

A revolutionary book by De Soto to formalize land tenure by changing dead capital to life capital has become the trademark in Egypt of issuing a temporary reconciliation law of 2019 and its amendment to approve a legal certificate to the violators against a certain fee The question is does this law legalize informal housing Is it enough to introduce a legal certificate to secure land tenure for the violators How would this law apply on the ground Depending on the deductive methodology this paper traces sociotechnical transitions concerning legalizing the status quo of buildingland tenure se

Developing Design Criteria for Sustainable Urban Parks

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2021
Global

This study investigates how urban parks can contribute to helping cities become more sustainable through developing a set of criteria for the sustainable design of urban parks Today there is no example around the world where all the proposed sustainable design criteria are applied together in a specific urban park In this context this study aims to make a novel contribution by systematically reviewing the literature on the sustainable design of urban parks In the light of research findings this study contributes to the implementation of a comprehensive sustainable park design practice in ou

The Impact of Transit-Oriented Development on Fast-Urbanizing Cities: Applied analytical study on Greater Cairo Region

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2021
Egypt

Transportation has always been the backbone of development Transitoriented development TOD has been theorized piloted and expanded increasingly in the past few decades In this regard this paper investigates the relationship between urban development the transportation process and the required implementation guidelines within fasturbanizing cities such as Cairo After reviewing different related sustainable development theories the study investigates pioneering case studies that have applied TOD and provided adequate implementation frameworks The authors then extract and compare a set of requ

Impact Of Land Access And Ownership On Farm Production: Empirical Evidence From Gender Analysis In Southwestern Nigeria

Diciembre, 2021
Nigeria

Millions of poor people who live in rural areas and rely on agriculture for a living need secure access to productive land. Gender disparities in access to productive resources, such as agricultural land, remain a major concern, especially in Nigeria. This study therefore, investigated the impact of land access and ownership on farm production across gender in Southwest Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select a total of 480 respondents comprising of 240 male headed households and 240 female headed households across the three states in Southwest Nigeria.

Access To Land And Tenure Security In Ethiopia’S Ethnic-Based Administration System

Diciembre, 2021
Ethiopia
United States of America
Norway

 Ethiopia follows a federal state administrative structure. Regional states are organized on ethnic basis. The country has over 85 ethnic groups and languages, but only majority ethnic groups, with few exceptions, have their own standalone regional states.The Constitution of the country categorizes land as a public property and gives land administration responsibilities to regional states. Although the Constitution confirms land access right to all citizens, regional states’ constitutions and land laws put restrictions to prioritize residents.

Réformes Pour Réguler L'Accaparement Des Terres Au Profit Des Jeunes En Afrique De L’Ouest Francophone : Cas Du Bénin Et Du Sénégal.

Diciembre, 2021
Senegal
Benin
Cameroon
Iceland
United States of America
Norway

Context and background Land grabbing has been in the news in Africa in recent years. Fertile land is increasingly falling into the hands of national or international private investors. Farmers with rudimentary means, youth, women, indigenous people, and pastoralists are the actors most affected by large-scale land grabs. Fertile land is becoming increasingly scarce and the public authorities do not seem to be determined to put in place safeguards to regulate this situation.

Impact of intensive youth participation in agriculture on rural households' revenue: evidence from rice farming households in Nigeria

Diciembre, 2021
Nigeria

The youth unemployment situation is an essential component of the current agricultural policy agenda of the Federal Government of Nigeria. Deep-rooted debates on finding a lasting solution to this problem using agriculture have been targeted as one of the panaceas. Using data from 207 systematically selected rice-producing households, this study employed the Propensity Score Matching method (PSM) and the Inverse Probability Weighted Regression Adjustment method (IPWRA) to examine the effect of intensive youth participation in agriculture on productivity and household revenue in Nigeria.

A Historical Perspective on Land Tenure Security

Diciembre, 2021
Global

In this chapter, we explore the forces that have shaped the current challenge of securing land tenure for those with little voice, power, and means. Focusing on the Global South, we identify trends in the ebb and flow of land tenure security and insecurity, distinguishing between those tied to agricultural-based societies and forest-dependent populations where relevant.