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La question de l’accès des jeunes à la terre : Élément pour mieux concevoir et suivre les interventions et les politiques de développement rural dans la durée

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2019
Global

Cet ouvrage « La question de l’accès des jeunes à la terre : Élément pour mieux concevoir et suivre les interventions et les politiques de développement rural dans la durée » est l’aboutissement d’une réflexion collective sur l’accès des jeunes à la terre et les dynamiques d’évolution des structures agraires engagée par le Comité techniquement « Foncier et développement ». Ce chantier a été animé entre 2017 et 2019 par une équipe d’AGTER et de Scafr-Terres d’Europe, en coordination avec le secrétariat scientifique du CTFD.

CULTIVATING GENDER INSENSITIVE LAND TENURE REFORMS AND HARVESTING FOOD INSECURITY IN CAMEROON, SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

Peer-reviewed publication
Diciembre, 2019
África

Effective reform pathways for addressing women’s access to land and tenure security in Africa are yet to be found despite their role in feeding the population. With the adoption of the AU Declaration on Land Issues and Challenges in Africa (2009) and the launch of the African Land Policy Centre (2017), hopes were high that existing precarious women’s access to land, tenure and food security might be transformed to opportunities. Prevailing discourses, however, still advocate for land reforms attuned to gender equality with a neo-classical chord.

Secure and equal access to land for all: Lessons on land governance and climate resilience from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Policy Papers & Briefs
Diciembre, 2019
Tanzania

Secure land and property rights are essential for improving the livelihoods of the poor and ending poverty. Effective and equitable land governance can also contribute to economic development, domestic resource mobilisation and climate change resilience. Promoting fair and transparent land tenure systems should therefore be a priority for national governments.

Factors Affecting Farmers’ Access to Formal and Informal Credit: Evidence from Rural Afghanistan

Peer-reviewed publication
Diciembre, 2019
Afghanistan

Adequate access to credit is necessary for the sustainable development of agriculture. This study uses a double hurdle model to investigate what affects farming households’ credit participation and amount, and a Probit model to find out credit constraints. For this purpose, the data from a survey of 292 farming households in Afghanistan was utilized. The study finds that households obtain credit for their agricultural activities from various formal and informal sources.

Linking Land Tenure and Integrated Watershed Management—A Review

Peer-reviewed publication
Diciembre, 2019
Global

Land tenure is given attention in the general discussions on conservation and management of natural resources, but the necessary holistic approach to understand the linkages is less considered. Thus, we considered a watershed as a unit of reference and Integrated Watershed Management as a holistic land and water resources management approach with various roles and touchpoints with land tenure issues.

Land Access in the Development of Horticultural Crops in East Africa. A Case Study of Passion Fruit in Burundi, Kenya, and Rwanda

Peer-reviewed publication
Diciembre, 2019
Burundi
Kenya
Rwanda

Rapid population growth in fertile agricultural lands of East Africa creates land scarcity, which has become a major hindrance to land access for the introduction of new horticultural crops. But their introduction in these areas is increasing, because of their high market price, which improves farmers’ income. As such, this research evaluated land access dynamics (availability, acquisition, and use changes) on the introduction of passion fruits in East Africa.

Impacts of Rapid Changes of Land Cover and Intensive Human Activities on Avarga Toson Lake Area, Mongolia

Peer-reviewed publication
Diciembre, 2019
Mongolia

Avarga Toson Lake and its surrounding area are very important for people, wildlife, and animals in Delgerkhaan Soum of Khentii Province in Eastern Mongolia. Some research has been conducted so as to explore the medical nature and characteristics of the lake and its surrounding area. However, the adverse effects of land use have neither been studied nor reported.

Determinant Factors of Pedestrian Volume in Different Land-Use Zones: Combining Space Syntax Metrics with GIS-Based Built-Environment Measures

Peer-reviewed publication
Diciembre, 2019
Global

This study combined space syntax metrics and geographic information systems (GIS)-based built-environment measures to analyze pedestrian volume in different land-use zones, as recorded in unique public data from a pedestrian volume survey of 10,000 locations in Seoul, Korea. The results indicate that most of the built-environment variables, such as density, land use, accessibility, and street design measures, showed statistically significant associations with pedestrian volume.

The Role of Changing Housing Policies in Housing Affordability and Accessibility in Developing Countries: The Case of Kenya.

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2019
Kenya

Rapid urbanization has led to the influx of people into urban areas as people seek better life opportunities This migration has however largely not been planned resulting in population explosions in the cities Relying on existing research on the topic and government reports this study finds that many middle and lowincome families in Kenya have ended up living in informal settlements in urban areas due to housing unaffordability The study further determines that the problem of housing is more pronounced in developing countries Studies related to this issue establish that the housing crisis c

Land access in the development of horticultural crops in east Africa: a case study of passion fruit in Burundi, Kenya, and Rwanda

Diciembre, 2019

Rapid population growth in fertile agricultural lands of East Africa creates land scarcity, which has become a major hindrance to land access for the introduction of new horticultural crops. But their introduction in these areas is increasing, because of their high market price, which improves farmers’ income. As such, this research evaluated land access dynamics (availability, acquisition, and use changes) on the introduction of passion fruits in East Africa.

Youth access to land, migration and employment opportunities: evidence from sub-Saharan Africa

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2019
Sudáfrica
África
África occidental
África oriental
África Central
África austral
África subsahariana

This paper examines the intersections between youth access to land, migration decisions and employment opportunities using nationally representative and multi-year data from multiple African countries. We document evidence on the evolving dynamics in land distribution and ownership patterns, the effect of land access on youth livelihood choices and development of rental and sales market in the region.

The narrative on rural youth and economic opportunities in Africa: facts, myths and gaps

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2019
Sudáfrica
África
África occidental
África oriental
África Central
África austral
África subsahariana

A narrative on rural youth in Africa has continued to evolve in policy circles around the world. Much of it is driven by population statistics that point to an imminent youth bulge in Africa and concerns about a poor economic outlook (stagnation) for African productivity and growth. Fears of massive unemployment, social unrest and undesirable migration due to limited economic growth drive the bulk of the discourse. This is juxtaposed with the promise of a youth dividend for the continent, which is highlighted by some quarters of the policy debate.