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Rapport du Rapporteur spécial sur les droits de l’homme et l’extrême pauvreté sur sa mission en Mauritanie (A/HRC/35/26/Add.1)

Reports & Research
Febrero, 2017
Mauritanie

Le Secrétariat a l’honneur de transmettre au Conseil des droits de l’homme le
rapport du Rapporteur spécial sur les droits de l’homme et l’extrême pauvreté, Philip
Alston sur la mission que celui-ci a réalisée en Mauritanie, du 2 au 11 mai 2016. Le
Rapporteur spécial a constaté que, si la Mauritanie avait réalisé des progrès notables dans la
lutte contre la pauvreté ces dernières années, une grande partie de la population continuait à
vivre dans une pauvreté multidimensionnelle et n’avait pas accès à une nourriture

Territorialidades en transición: pobladores desplazados por la violencia del conflicto armado colombiano y la resignificación de su territorio

Journal Articles & Books
Enero, 2017
Colombia

Resumen La violencia armada en Colombia obliga a las personas a abandonar su territorio para salvaguardar la vida. Cuatro estudios de caso con poblaciones desplazadas (mujeres jefas de hogar, afrodescendientes, indígenas, campesinos) fueron emprendidos para aproximarse a la comprensión de dos procesos principales en los que se ven inmersos los migrantes forzados en búsqueda de superar la pérdida de su lugar en el mundo: desterritorialización y reterritorialización.

Land distribution in Northern Ethiopia from 1998 to 2016: Gender-disaggregated, spatial and intertemporal variation

Diciembre, 2016
Etiopía

This study utilizes land registry data from the First and Second Stage Land Registration Reforms that took place in 1998 and 2016 in sampled districts and communities in Tigray region of Ethiopia. Tigray was the first region to implement low-cost land registration and certification in Ethiopia and providing household level land certificates in the names of household heads. Second Stage Land Registration and Certification (SSLRC) is scaled up since 2015 and provides households with parcel-based certificates with maps. The SSLR&C lists all holders of parcels by name and gender.

They will need land! The current land tenure situation and future land allocation needs of smallholder farmers in Cambodia

Reports & Research
Diciembre, 2016
Camboya

The objective of this background paper is to provide a succinct description of the land tenure situation in Cambodia and, on that basis, discuss the needs smallholder farmers have for land, projected up to the year 2030.

Structural Transformation of Small Farms in Moldova

Reports & Research
Training Resources & Tools
Diciembre, 2016
Moldavia
Europa
Asia central

The agricultural and food production sector plays a key role in fighting poverty and food insecurity in Moldova, but is facing critical challenges to modernize and integrate into the international market. This paper focuses on smallholder farms, which make up 95 percent of all farms, and explores their potential for growth and the poverty links. Findings reveal that structural change is slow and smallholder farm growth in Moldova is an exception, not the rule.

Land Rights Matter! Anchors to Reduce Land Grabbing, Dispossession and Displacement. A Comparative Study of Land Rights Systems in Southeast Asia and the Potential of National and International Legal Frameworks and Guidelines

Reports & Research
Diciembre, 2016
Camboya
Laos
Myanmar
Laos
Myanmar
Tailandia
Viet Nam
Viet Nam

ABSTRACTED FROM EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: Land rights systems in Southeast Asia are in constant flux; they respond to various socioeconomic and political pressures and to changes in statutory and customary law. Over the last decade, Southeast Asia has become one of the hotspots of the global land grab phenomenon, accounting for about 30 percent of transnational land grabs globally. Land grabs by domestic urban elites, the military or government actors are also common in many Southeast Asian countries.

Uneven Developments: Toward Inclusive Land Governance in Contemporary Cambodia

Policy Papers & Briefs
Diciembre, 2016
Camboya

Cambodia has long had a difficult mix of resource wealth and weak land governance, a function of its legacy of enduring postwar conflict and neoliberal development policies of the 1990s. Since 2012, however, its government has undertaken a series of self-described ‘deep reforms’ aimed at overcoming the poverty, land conflict, and unequal rural landholdings created during the 2000s, when over 2 million hectares of economic land concessions were allocated to private companies.

Drivers of transaction costs affecting participation in the rental market for cropland in Vietnam

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2016
Viet Nam

Farm incomes in rural Vietnam are tightly constrained by very small farm sizes. Stringent limits on the area of cropland that individuals may own means that farmers need a well‐functioning rental market to consolidate land parcels, grow their farm enterprises, adopt new technology and increase incomes. This research investigates the efficiency and equity impacts of the rental market in rural Vietnam and attempts to identify transaction costs impeding the market.

Inter- and intra-farm land fragmentation in Viet Nam

Policy Papers & Briefs
Diciembre, 2016
Viet Nam

This paper uses panel data at commune, household, and plot levels to study the causes and effects of agricultural land fragmentation in rural Viet Nam. We focus on both inter-farm fragmentation (the division of land into many small farms) and intra-farm fragmentation (the division of each farm into many small plots). In both these dimensions, land holdings in Viet Nam are highly fragmented. Results show strong effects of both inter- and intra-farm fragmentation on labour input per hectare in agriculture.

Land Inequality or Productivity: What Mattered in Southern Vietnam after 1975?

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2016
Viet Nam

Land redistribution and agricultural collective production were the key components of agrarian reforms implemented by the Vietnamese Communist Party in the south of the country after 1975. Land inequality was serious in the region under the Republic of Vietnam's regime. The new government struggled with agricultural collectivisation contributing to the decline in rice productivity. This study explains the persistence of a market-based agricultural production in the southern economy under the new political regime.

Linking Food and Land Tenure Security in the Lao PDR

Reports & Research
Diciembre, 2016
Laos

ABSTRACTED FROM INTRODUCTION: This report explores the relationships between land tenure security and food security in Laos, with comparison to other developing countries. The purpose of the study is to better understand these linkages in order to recommend pathways for policies and projects to improve food insecurity by increasing rural poor people's access and tenure security to land.

Scenarios of land system change in the Lao PDR: Transitions in response to alternative demands on goods and services provided by the land

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2016
Laos

Sudden and gradual land use changes can result in different socio-ecological systems, sometimes referred to as regime shifts. The Lao PDR (Laos) has been reported to show early signs of such regime shifts in land systems with potentially major socio-ecological implications. However, given the complex mosaic of different land systems, including shifting cultivation, such changes are not easily assessed using traditional land cover data. Moreover, regime shifts in land systems are difficult to simulate with traditional land cover modelling approaches.