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Evolution of Land Use in the Brazilian Amazon: From Frontier Expansion to Market Chain Dynamics

Peer-reviewed publication
Septiembre, 2014
Brasil

Agricultural census data and fieldwork observations are used to analyze changes in land cover/use intensity across Rondônia and Mato Grosso states along the agricultural frontier in the Brazilian Amazon. Results show that the development of land use is strongly related to land distribution structure. While large farms have increased their share of annual and perennial crops, small and medium size farms have strongly contributed to the development of beef and milk market chains in both Rondônia and Mato Grosso.

Land Redistribution and Reutilization in the Context of Migration in Rural Nepal

Peer-reviewed publication
Septiembre, 2014
Nepal

Land is an integral part of people’s culture, economy, and livelihoods. Social and temporal mobility of people affect land acquisition, distribution, and utilization, which consequently impacts on food security and human wellbeing. Using the data collected by means of household survey, focus group discussions, in-depth interviews, and participant observation, this paper examines the dynamics of land-people relationships, mainly acquisition, redistribution, and reutilization of land, in the context of human migration.

Influence of personal networks structure on the development of community processes in displaced population

Journal Articles & Books
Septiembre, 2014
Colombia

Forced displacement affects over 5 million people in Colombia. The process of mobility experienced by displaced implies the weakeningof the linkages with their relational environment and may involve the deprivation of the right to decide at socio-political level. The sense of community, the community engagement and the psychological empowerment display a strong potential to understand both the adaptationprocess in destination community, and the increase in community involvement.

To What Extent Are Bangladesh's Recent Gains in Poverty Reduction Different from the Past?

Septiembre, 2014

The poor in Bangladesh are more likely
to belong to households with a larger number of dependents
and lower education among household members, be engaged in
daily wage labor, own little land, and be less likely to
receive remittances. This poverty profile for 2005 is
similar to the profile in the mid-1980s and hence at first
glance it would appear that little has changed over time. A
closer look at national household survey data suggests a

Moldova - Agricultural Policy Notes : Policy Priorities for Agricultural Development, Volume1. Land

Agosto, 2014

The objective of this policy note on
land is to assist the Government of Moldova in improving the
effectiveness of land management in agriculture, with a view
to enhancing the sector's contribution to
Moldova's economic growth and poverty reduction
objectives. The note reviews the progress that has been
made to date on land reform in Moldova, and provides
rigorous economic analysis of the impacts of the reforms and

Land & Property Rights

Journal Articles & Books
Agosto, 2014
Kenya

The women Land Rights Project is a project of Kenya Land Alliance that aims at actualisation Women land and property rights, as provided in the Constitution of Kenya, 2013 and as a means towards poverty alleviation. This considering the fact that, in Kenya where the foundation of most communities is Agriculture and livestock production, women contribute up to 80% of workforce yet they only hold 1% of registered land in their names and around 5-6% of registered titles are held in joint names (Kenya Land Alliance, 2013).

Land Rental Markets as an Alternative to Government Reallocation? Equity and Efficiency Considerations in the Chinese Land Tenure system

Agosto, 2014

The authors develop a model of land
leasing with agents characterized by unobserved
heterogeneity in ability and presence of an off-farm labor
market. In this case, decentralized land rental may
contribute to equity and efficiency goals and may have
several advantages over administrative reallocation. The
extent to which this is true empirically is explored using
data from three of China's poorest provinces. The

Moldova Poverty Update

Agosto, 2014
Moldova

Moldovan GDP growth rose and the poverty
rate fell steeply following the end of the Russian financial
crisis in 1999. Since late 2002, GDP has continued to grow
vigorously, however there has been little progress in
reducing poverty. In short, GDP growth is no longer reducing
poverty. The national poverty rate is broadly stable while
the rural poverty rate is on a modest upward trend. Analysis
of data from the household budget surveys shows that the

REPORT ON RESEARCH FINDINGS, POLICY OPTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR

Reports & Research
Junio, 2014
Timor-Leste

This third report comprises two parts: Part 1 contains an analysis of policy options and recommendations for the preparation of a law on land rights and title restitution. The recommendations are based on LLP’s research findings, its comparative case studies, an analysis of existing legislation and on relevant input of stakeholders that participated in LLP’s roundtable on land rights in June 2004. Part 2 presents LLP’s research methodology, results and analysis for the development of land policy concerning land rights and title restitution.

Land Reform, Rural Development, and Poverty in the Philippines : Revisiting the Agenda

Junio, 2014

The goal of this report is to take stock
of the existing evidence on the impact of the Comprehensive
Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) on poverty, to examine the
current challenges that an extension of CARP would face, and
to suggest directions toward achieving progress on land
reform given the financial and policy constraints faced by
the program. The report starts by examining the nature and
relevance of the challenges that an extension of the land

Land Sales and Rental Markets in Transition : Evidence from Rural Vietnam

Mayo, 2014

The extent to which households should be
allowed to transfer their land rights in post-socialist
transition economies is of considerable policy interest. The
authors use data from Vietnam, a transition country that
allows rental and sales of land use rights, to identify
factors conducive to the development of land markets and to
assess the extent to which land transfers enhance productive
efficiency and transfer land to the poor. They find that