Pasar al contenido principal

page search

Displaying 49 - 60 of 886

Circular labor migration and land-livelihood dynamics in Southeast Asia's concession landscapes

Journal Articles & Books
Febrero, 2020
Camboya
Laos
Myanmar
Tailandia
Viet Nam

Labor migration and large-scale land enclosures are increasingly central to the story of agrarian change throughout the Global South. Nonetheless, there remain limited understandings of how recent explosions of mobile labor and new sources of smallholder capital shape and are shaped by ongoing land use and property transformations. This article reviews this gap in Southeast Asia – a region where labor and capital are highly mobile and where the expansion of industrial agriculture and forestry has been particularly rapid.

Land consolidation as technical change: Economic impacts in rural Vietnam

Journal Articles & Books
Febrero, 2020
Viet Nam

This paper deepens the economic analysis of the effects of land consolidation – reduction of land fragmentation. It does this in the context of rural Vietnam, studying whether land consolidation promotes or hinders the Vietnamese government's policy objectives of encouraging agricultural mechanization and stimulating the off-farm rural economy. The analysis views land consolidation as a form of technical change, making it possible to apply the rich insights developed in the economic literature on that subject.

Solving Brazil's land use puzzle: Increasing production and slowing Amazon deforestation

Peer-reviewed publication
Enero, 2020
Brazil

Brazil has become an agricultural powerhouse, producing roughly 30 % of the world’s soy and 15 % of its beef by 2013 – yet historically much of that growth has come at the expense of its native ecosystems. Since 1985, pastures and croplands have replaced nearly 65 Mha of forests and savannas in the legal Amazon. A growing body of work suggests that this paradigm of horizontal expansion of agriculture over ecosystems is outdated and brings negative social and environmental outcomes.

The Journey to a Better Tomorrow: Land, Climate Change and Gender Experience From the Field

Reports & Research
Diciembre, 2019
Tanzania

Ardhi Yetu Programme (AYP Plus) is a national land rights advocacy programme that consolidates on-the-ground interventions, while integrating resilience and adaptation. AYP plus utilizes and builds upon the CSO capacity, national forums and joint advocacy platforms developed during the first phase of AYP, to support the overall objective that; active communities and civil society advocate for an inclusive and transparent land sector, strengthening the land tenure security and resilience of small-scale farming and pastoral communities particularly women.

The challenge of participatory mapping for agricultural investment mapping: Compromise and lessons learned for shared benefits in a project in Sierra Leone

Reports & Research
Diciembre, 2019
Sierra Leone

This document, presents a learning story from the LEGEND Challenge Fund that supported partnership projects by civil society and private sector business to test approaches through which private business can potentially contribute to more secure land rights and better land governance in agricultural investment sites and supply chains. It explains the challenges involved in a participatory mapping exercise conducted jointly by a company Natural Habitats Sierra Leone Ltd (NHSL) a member of the Netherlands based Natural Habitats Group (NHG), and the NGO Solidaridad.

The need for proper attention to land tenure issues in investment planning and due diligence

Reports & Research
Diciembre, 2019
Sub-Saharan Africa

This paper is one of three thematic case studies resulting from a set of pilot projects undertaken jointly by civil society and private business partners from 2016–2019 in five countries in sub-Saharan Africa. These pilots sought to test how private companies could collaborate with civil society organisations and other stakeholders to implement responsible agribusiness investments that recognise and respect community land rights, and to develop innovative tools and approaches that could be adopted and implemented at greater scale.

Norte do Pará: Situação Atual e Perspectivas para o Desenvolvimento Sustentável

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2019
América do Sul
Brasil

O território do norte paraense possui 270.040,7 km², distribuídos em nove municípios: Alenquer, Almeirim, Curuá, Faro, Monte Alegre, Óbidos, Oriximiná, Prainha e Terra Santa. Tal área ocupa 22% do estado do Pará, o equivalente à soma dos estados de São Paulo e Sergipe (IBGE, 2019). Em 2019, esse território abrigava uma população estimada em apenas 344.385 habitantes (4% da população total do Pará). Além disso, seu incremento populacional tem ficado abaixo da média do restante do estado. De fato, a população do Norte do Pará aumentou somente 51.480 habitantes entre os anos 2000 e 2019.

From "Land to the Tiller" to the "New Landlords"? The Debate over Vietnam's Latest Land Reforms

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2019
Viet Nam

Between Vietnam's independence and its reunification in 1975, the country's socialist land tenure system was underpinned by the principle of "land to the tiller". During this period, government redistributed land to farmers that was previously owned by landlords. The government's "egalitarian" approach to land access was central to the mass support that it needed during the Indochinese war.

Land grabs and labour: Vietnamese workers on rubber plantations in southern Laos

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2019
Laos
Viet Nam

Since the early 2000s the Lao government has dramatically increased the number of large-scale land concessions issued for agribusinesses. While studies have documented the social and environmental impacts of land dispossession, the role of Vietnamese labour on these Vietnamese-owned rubber plantations has not previously been investigated. Taking a political ecology approach, we situate this study at the intersection between ‘land grabbing’ studies and work on ‘labour geographies’.

Women’s land rights and agrarian change: evidence from indigenous communities in Cambodia

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2019
Camboya

ABSTRACTED FROM EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: This research analyses the ways in which current changes in land tenure, agrarian and socio-economic systems are reshaping resource allocations and transfers within households in indigenous communities in Ratanakiri Province, Cambodia. While other gendered aspects of the transformations occurring in indigenous societies have received more attention in recent years, the changes occurring in the customary laws that determine land access, ownership and inheritance alongside gender, as well as generational lines, have not been explored.

Urban–Rural Construction Land Replacement for More Sustainable Land Use and Regional Development in China: Policies and Practices

Peer-reviewed publication
Noviembre, 2019
China

With the rapid development of urbanization and industrialization, land exploitation in China has caused a decrease of cultivated land, posing a threat to national food security. To achieve the goals of both economic development and cultivated land protection, China launched an urban–rural land replacement measure supported by a new land use policy of “increasing vs. decreasing balance” of construction land between urban and rural areas in 2008.