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Meta-Analysis of Socio-Economic Impacts of Land Fragmentation in Ethiopia

Reports & Research
Diciembre, 2023
Africa

This study focuses on land fragmentation in Ethiopia, exploring its impact on agricultural productivity and rural development. It proposes strategies for addressing fragmentation through land consolidation. The study employs a robust methodology, including data collection and analysis of  data, along with a meta-analysis of existing reports and studies on land fragmentation. Through these analytical approaches, the study aims to provide empirical evidence supporting the effectiveness of land consolidation strategies in Ethiopia.

What are the Effects of Large-Scale Land Acquisitions in Africa on Selected Economic and Social Indicators?

Marzo, 2021

Explores what the Prindex 2020 dataset tells us about land rights in sub-Saharan Africa. One in four people in Africa live with the fear of being evicted day-to-day: one of the highest rates in the world. Across 34 countries surveyed in sub-Saharan Africa;a staggering 121 million people said they felt insecure. Compared to other regions of the world;people in sub-Saharan Africa place far less weight on legal documentation when considering how secure they feel in their rights.

MALAWIAN LAND TENURE AND SOCIAL CAPITAL: Behaviour in trust games in 18 Malawian villages in 2007

Reports & Research
Noviembre, 2020
Malawi

This report presents two papers developed in order to study behaviour in trust games in 18 Malawian villages in 2007. In 2007-2008 the Malawian land tenure and social capital project (financed by Norwegian Research Council), interviewed households on many subjects deemed relevant to land tenure and social capital. Interviews were conducted in selected villages with 6 in each of the regions North, Central, and South. The interviews included 13 questions about trust, trustworthiness, and social capital.

Customary Tenure Trusteeships and Land Governance Reforms: A Necessary Convergence

Peer-reviewed publication
Agosto, 2020
África

Issues surrounding customary land governance reforms remain at the forefront of policy reforms in many African countries because of concern over discriminatory rules of access, exchange, and inheritance, corruption, elite capture, and illegal land occupations, (Arko Adjei, 2009). The shortcomings in customary land governance extend to the unfettered authority of customary land trustees, usually, traditional leaders (chiefs and family heads) who retain autonomous control over land as defined by customary norms and practices.

Are land-poor youth accessing rented land? : evidence from northern Ethiopia

Reports & Research
Diciembre, 2019
Ethiopia

Continued strong population growth in already densely populated rural areas in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa makes it harder for youth to choose agriculture as their main source of income. We investigate whether near landless youth still can access rented land as a complementary source of income. We utilize a unique data of rural youth that have been allocated rehabilitated communal land to form formalized business groups for joint business activity. They rely on complementary sources of income and land renting is one of these.

How do social preferences and norms of reciprocity affect generalized and particularized trust?

Reports & Research
Diciembre, 2019
Ethiopia

We study how social preferences and norms of reciprocity are related to generalized and particularized trust among members of youth business groups in northern Ethiopia. Members of these groups are recruited among land-poor rural youth. The Ethiopian government promotes youth employment among land-poor rural youth by allocating them rehabilitated communal lands for the formation of sustainable businesses. The groups are organized as primary cooperatives, elect their own board, make their own bylaw and prepare a business plan that has to be accepted by the local government.

Land rental as a complementary income source for land-poor youth

Reports & Research
Diciembre, 2018
Norway

Continued high population growth in already densely populated rural areas in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa makes it harder for youth to choose agriculture as their main source of income. We investigate whether near landless youth can still access rented land as a complementary source of income. We utilize a unique data set of rural youth that have been allocated rehabilitated communal land to form formalized business groups for joint business activity. They rely on complementary sources of income and land renting is one of these.

Gender differences in risk tolerance, trust and trustworthiness: Are they related?

Reports & Research
Diciembre, 2018

The paper assesses risk tolerance, trust and trustworthiness among male and female youth group members in recently formed primary cooperative businesses in Ethiopia. Male members are found to be more risk tolerant, trusting and trustworthy than females. There is a strong positive correlation between individual risk tolerance and trust for male while this correlation is much weaker for female members. Individual risk tolerance is positively correlated with trustworthiness for males but not for females. Females are more trusting and trustworthy in groups with more risk tolerant members.

Group trust in youth business groups : influenced by risk tolerance and expected trustworthiness

Reports & Research
Diciembre, 2017
Ethiopia

We analyzed lab-in-the-field trust and risk experiment with 1125 youth in 119 youth groups established as primary cooperatives to develop a joint business. The experiments were implemented using classrooms in local schools as field labs. The standard trust game was used with all youth participants playing the roles as trustors as well as trustees. As trustors, they knew that the trustee would be an anonymous member of their own youth group.

In fight for secure land rights, corporations and communities find common ground

Reports & Research
Septiembre, 2017
África

Traces the history of the Interlaken Group, founded in 2013 as a coalition of corporations, investors, civil society organizations and INGOs with the goal of turning corporations into allies in the process of securing land rights. Gradually building a sense of trust. Opening the door to new kinds of partnerships.

Can workplace secondments build trust in the mining sector?

Diciembre, 2016
Sudáfrica

Mutual suspicion has characterised the relationship between the South African government and mining companies, particularly in recent years. Resolving the current impasse would require a panoply of policy interventions because of the complexity and age of the mining industry. This briefing proposes that one such intervention could be the introduction of a structured workplace secondment programme between the Department of Mineral Resources (DMR) and mining companies – together identifying critical areas for co-operation and skills transfer.

Social Capital, Trust, and Well-being in the Evaluation of Wealth

Julio, 2016

This paper combines theory with data
from different domains to provide an empirical analysis of
the scale and variability of social capital as wealth. The
analysis is used to argue, given what has been learned from
the literature on social capital, that the welfare returns
to investing in trust could be substantial. Using data from
132 nations covered by the Gallup World Poll, the paper
presents a range of estimates of the wealth-equivalent