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Summary for policymakers of the assessment report on land degradation and restoration of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)

Policy Papers & Briefs
Diciembre, 2018
Global

Land degradation is a pervasive, systemic phenomenon: it occurs in all parts of the terrestrial world and can take many forms. Combating land degradation and restoring degraded land is an urgent priority to protect the biodiversity and ecosystem services vital to all life on Earth and to ensure human well-being

Restoring forests and landscapes: the key to a sustainable future.

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2018
Global

The negative consequences of human actions have brought our world and our future to a dangerous crossroads: will we be able to avert the worst impacts of climate change? How can we stop and reverse the loss of fertile soil, biodiversity, and other natural capital that supplies all our food and other basic needs? Where are the jobs for millions of unemployed young people?

Kazakhstan Country Gender Assessment

Reports & Research
Noviembre, 2018
Kazakhstan

This assessment reviews ADB’s experiences in implementing gender mainstreaming in its portfolio in recent years. The assessment method has two main components. The first is a review of the status of gender equality and women’s empowerment in the country, based on a literature review, key statistics, policy documents, and key informant interviews. The second analyzes the achievements and challenges in mainstreaming gender equality in ADB’s programs and operations, and recommends the way forward to improve outcomes.

Du groupe à l’individu

Journal Articles & Books
Julio, 2018
Burkina Faso

Au sud-ouest du Burkina Faso, les pressions sur les terres sont de plus en plus fortes, surtout en pays gouin dans le département de Niangoloko. En effet, la croissance de la population consécutive à l’afflux des migrants venant des autres régions du pays et de la Côte d’Ivoire fait progresser rapidement les taux d’occupation de l’espace, compromettant ainsi la « générosité » des autochtones.

Land and Conflict. Lessons from The Field on Conflict Sensitive Land Governance and Peacebuilding

Julio, 2018

Publication shows how addressing land issues can mitigate conflict;facilitate solutions to it;improve the likelihood that people can return to their homes after the violence is over;and contribute to peace overall. Draws on cases in nine countries in the Arab States;Africa and Latin America;with a range of conflict parties: farmers;herders;landlords;villagers;mining companies;host communities;displaced people;gangs;and various levels of government.

Land rights insecurity and temporary migration in rural China

Reports & Research
Abril, 2018
China

Like most other developing countries, China experiences huge migration outflows from rural areas. Their most striking characteristic is a high geographical and temporal mobility. Rural migrants keep going back and forth between origin villages and destination areas. In this paper, we show that this temporary feature of migration can be linked to land rights insecurity. As village land ownership remains collective and as land use rights can be periodically reallocated, individual out-migration can result in deprivation of those rights.

Are free land arrangement really free? An exploration into land arrangements made by rural-urban migrants in the Northeast of Thailand

Reports & Research
Enero, 2018
Thailand

This paper contributes to an emerging literature on free land arrangements in developing countries. We argue that in-depth empirical analysis is crucial to understand the specific terms of land arrangements. Using mixed quantitative and qualitative data collected among rural-urban migrants in Thailand, we categorize land arrangements along four dimensions: self-reported categories by the actors, the nature of the relationship between the parties involved, the nature of the payment made, and how explicit or binding are the contractual terms.

Roots of Prosperity. The Economics and Finance of Restoring Land

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre, 2017
Global

Almost one-quarter of the world’s land area has been degraded over the past 50 years because of soil erosion, salinization, peatland and wetland drainage, and forest degradation. The resulting damage, in terms of lost ecosystem goods and services, costs the world an estimated US$6.3 trillion a year. Almost a quarter of the world’s land area has been degraded over the past 50 years.
This is the result of soil erosion, salinization, peatland and wetland drainage, and forest degradation.

Panorama multidimensional del desarrollo urbano en América Latina y el Caribe

Reports & Research
Mayo, 2017
Latin America and the Caribbean

Las ciudades son espacios estratégicos para que las sociedades de América Latina y el Caribe puedan transitar hacia el desarrollo sostenible. Se estima que más del 80% de la población de la región es urbana, y las ciudades del continente concentran el poder económico, político y administrativo. La explosión demográfica de las décadas anteriores llevó a una urbanización más bien espontánea, regida por mecanismos de mercado, y produjo territorios urbanos muy desiguales y frágiles desde el punto de vista ambiental, sin planificación ni visión de largo plazo.

Links between tenure security and food security in poor agrarian economies : causal linkages and policy implications

Reports & Research
Diciembre, 2016

Population growth leads to growing land scarcity and landlessness in poor agrarian economies. Many of these also face severe climate risks that may increase in the future. Tenure security is important for food security in such countries and at the same time threatened by social instability that further accelerate rural-urban and international migration. Provision of secure property rights with low-cost methods that create investment incentives can lead to land use intensification and improved food security.

Country Partnership Strategy: Tajikistan, 2016–2020

Policy Papers & Briefs
Noviembre, 2016
Tajikistan

Tajikistan’s population is predominantly rural and largely dependent on agriculture. Agriculture accounts for a quarter of Tajikistan’s gross domestic product and export revenues, 39% of tax revenues, and half of total employment. Given the widespread migration of male Tajik workers overseas, women constitute the majority of employees (accounting for 53% of the economically active population in agriculture). Arable land is in short supply at 0.15 hectares (ha) per capita (rising to 0.20 ha per capita for the rural population).