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Leveraging Land: Land-based Finance for Local Governments - A Reader

Manuals & Guidelines
Noviembre, 2016

The potential contribution of land based financing to the development of sustainable and equitable cities and properly serviced communities is often underestimated. Land based financing is a collective name given to a range of instruments by which local governments could expand their revenue base and generate funds that will help them to deliver services and infrastructure development and achieve their maintenance goals.

Toolkit on the Project Complaint Mechanism of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

Manuals & Guidelines
Noviembre, 2014

The Project Compliance Mechanism (PCM) is the EBRD's accountability mechanism for the assessment and follow-up of complaints about project financed by the bank. The PCM is a grievance mechanism for civil society, local groups and individuals that may be directly and adversely affected by a bank project. It's purpose is to help identify when the EBRD or its client has not fulfilled the obligations defined in the bank's policies and to facilitate a problem-solving process with the EBRD's client.

Unlocking Land Values to Finance Urban Infrastructure : Land-Based Financing Options for Cities

Reports & Research
Julio, 2012

Raising capital to finance urban
infrastructure is a challenge. One solution is to
'unlock' urban land values - such as by selling
public lands to capture the gains in value created by
investment in infrastructure projects. Land-based financing
techniques are playing an increasingly important role in
financing urban infrastructure in developing countries. They
complement other capital financing approaches, such as local

Country Profiles on the Housing Sector - Tajikistan

Policy Papers & Briefs
Noviembre, 2011

The country profiles on the housing sector are intended to assist Governments of countries with economies in transition to improve the performance of their housing sector and, at the same time, to promote sustainable development. The reviews analyse trends and policy developments and make an overall assessment of the political, economic and social framework of the housing sector. This work was initiated by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Committee on Housing and Land Management in the early 1990s in response to requests from UNECE member States.

Successful Land Individualization in Trans-Caucasia: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia

Journal Articles & Books
Enero, 2004

How do we measure the success of agrarian transformation? Land reform, in- terpreted in the transition context as privatization of land with the associated is- sues of land market development and the restructuring of traditional large farms, is only one facet of a multi-dimensional process of transition to a market-oriented agriculture. However important land reform is, success requires progress in all relevant dimensions.