Public overseas investments: ensuring respect for and protecting legitimate land tenure rights: rapid evidence assessment | Land Portal

Información del recurso

Date of publication: 
Enero 2015
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 

This rapid evidence assessment (REA) investigates how public overseas investments supported by developed country governments respect legitimate land tenure rights, especially in countries without a strong system for protecting existing tenure rights. The REA assesses material from the limited number of studies (20) available about donor-supported investment projects involving land. Most are from African countries, but the evidence also includes cases from Afghanistan, Guatemala and Cambodia. Agricultural projects predominate, while two cases look at the impact of road projects on local land rights. The studies suggest that: most foreign direct investment (FDI) actors are aware of the need to accommodate local land rights. Nevertheless, evidence from a wider body of material (see Appendix 5) relating to FDI-based and private sector projects shows that most large land-based investments are failing to take into account either legitimate local rights and/or local livelihoods impacts where a public donor is present – either directly funding or promoting a project – and is advocating the use of instruments, like the FAO Voluntary guidelines on the good governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests (VGGT) and the Principles for responsible investments in agriculture and food systems (RAI)1, investment projects can include effective mitigation measures and/or be designed to produce real benefits for those holding legitimate rights over the land used inclusive business and investment models (i.e. models which engage communities fully and allow sharing of the investment benefits while respecting community land needs) are available which bring local people fully into the project process and turn it into an opportunity for social development and life-enhancing changes donors must be fully informed about legitimate local rights at the design and appraisal stages of new projects, and cannot assume that government or private sector partners will rigorously adhere to agreed approaches there is a need for more research into how projects, funded or supported by donors, can be designed and implemented to ensure respect for and protect legitimate local tenure rights  

Autores y editores

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

C. Tanner
E. Scalise
M. Mutema


Evidence on Demand was a resource service providing high-quality information in the fields of climate, environment, infrastructure, and livelihoods. The information hub provided access to a broad range of documents, learning resources and technical expertise. One of the key functions of the service was to assist U.K. Department for International Development (DFID) advisers and the wider international development community in making informed, evidence-based decisions. The expert team behind Evidence on Demand was co-led with IMC Worldwide Ltd in a joint venture.


Proveedor de datos

eldis (ELDIS)

Eldis is an online information service providing free access to relevant, up-to-date and diverse research on international development issues. The database includes over 40,000 summaries and provides free links to full-text research and policy documents from over 8,000 publishers. Each document is selected by members of our editorial team.

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