To achieve sustainable food systems and agriculture it is crucial to ensure equal opportunities to men and women in the distribution, tenure, governance and management of land and other natural resources, and address the asymmetric power relations, due to local traditions and socio-cultural factors. Despite their prominent role in the agriculture sector, women still suffer from limited land ownership, excessive workloads and inadequate access to services, local institutions, education and information.
Many land tenure regimes are characterized by weak land governance structures, mixtures of different uncodified customary rules, values and practices on tenancy and management arrangements, conflicting statutory and legal arrangements. There is an urgent need to improve and adapt rural development approaches to meet these evolving challenges and inequalities.
In this context, FAO developed the Practical Guide for Improving Gender Equality in Territorial Issues (IGETI) that promotes adapting a convergent and peoplecentred gender approach towards increasing and improving the provision of goods and services from agriculture, forestry and fisheries in a sustainable manner while reducing rural poverty in different priority areas of FAO’s work. This includes gender equality, territorial development, legal aspects and natural resources management (i.e. pastoralist, forestry, watershed management, climate change and fisheries).
In 2012 FAO had already published an initial version of the IGETI guide. After utilizing it in several countries and in different contexts, the needs was felt to review the Guide to integrate some additional aspects and address emerging issues and other relevant approaches linked to water resources management, climate change adaptation and resilience building, among others. Moreover, the authors agreed to include in the IGETI approach two new steps linked to the implementation, and monitoring ad evaluation of the territorial agreements and the negotiation process.
This Guide is targeted to a broad spectrum of stakeholders, including governmental officials and representatives of civil society organizations engaged in gender, land and rural development issues, development practitioners, humanitarian agents and land professionals, gender or territorial development trainers/facilitators, field workers and development planners/consultants, researchers and policy-makers working at the field level, as well trainers involved in natural resource institutions and rural development.
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The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO is also a source of knowledge and information.