El pleno del Congreso de Perú se quedó nuevamente en la madrugada de este lunes sin dar solución a la crisis desatada por los trabajadores del sector agroindustrial, que la semana pasada volvieron a bloquear la Carretera Panamericana para exigir un nuevo régimen laboral con mejores condiciones.
Laboran en el campo más de ocho horas al día, sin descanso y por menos de 40 soles (11,2 dólares). Bajo esas condiciones trabajan los agricultores de la región sureña peruana de Ica que, desde hace tres días, protestan para exigir el fin de un régimen que consideran "de explotación".
El centro de estudios Dejusticia y cuatro organizaciones campesinas participan en este litigio que busca que la ANT constituya tres Zonas de Reserva Campesina que permanecen estancadas.
China is now the world’s second largest economy and has seen over the last years the adaptation of a centrally planned economy to allow for private enterprise and capital. This shift is mirrored in its formal land tenure, repesented by a dual system with state-owned land in urban areas, and farmer collective-owned land in rural areas.
Land is an essential source of livelihood for a majority of Sierra Leoneans. Most of Sierra Leone’s population lives in rural areas and it’s GDP is largely based on agriculture. The three main livelihood activities surveyed in the 2015 population and housing census are crop farming, animal husbandry and fishery, which depend largely on access to and ownership of land. Smallholders mostly cultivate rice, cassava, cocoa, coffee, cashew, groundnut, palm oil, vegetables and other fruit trees.
With secure land tenure, Indigenous Peoples and local communities can realize human rights, achieve economic growth, protect the environment, and maintain cultural integrity. For centuries, Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) have used, managed and depended on collectively-held land for food supplies, cultural and spiritual traditions, and other livelihood needs. Historically governed through customary tenure systems rooted in community norms and practices that often go back centuries, governments often consider such community land as vacant, idle, or state-owned property. Statutory recognition and protection of indigenous and community land rights continues to be a major challenge.
UN member States endorsed the 2030 Agenda and committed to implement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) a set of 17 Global Goals, in a 15-year period. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development contains land-related targets and indicators under SDGs 1, 2, 5, 11 and 15. Many land organizations and stakeholders are committed to fully implementing the SDGs and to monitoring the land-related indicators in order to promote responsible land governance. Land is a significant resource, both cross-cutting and critical to achieving the SDGs.