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Non-Citizens and Land Tenure in Kenya: Land Acquisition for Investment in a New Constitutional Era

Journal Articles & Books
Reports & Research
Juin, 2012
Kenya

The acquisition of land by foreigners in developing countries has emerged as a key mechanism for foreign direct investment (FDI). FDI is defined by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) as the category of international investment that reflects the objective of a resident entity in one economy to obtain a lasting interest in an enterprise resident in another economy.

Aligning and Harmonizing the Livestock and Land Policies of Tanzania

Reports & Research
Novembre, 2011
Tanzania

In light of persisting land use conflicts and marginal productivity on village lands, a research in the captioned topic was deemed necessary. This report makes a review of policies on land and livestock agriculture behind the backdrop of the Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania, policies on land and agriculture, and aspirations for land reform. Violations in land rights and prevailing tenure insecurity lasting for decades have skewed mindsets of many users and the land administrators. Policy implementation and enforcement are in dire need of enhancement.

RESOLVING LAND DISPUTES IN POST-CONFLICT NORTHERN UGANDA

Reports & Research
Décembre, 2010
Ouganda

Post-conflict northern Uganda has witnessed an increase in disputes over land. This has, to a great extent, been as a result of the armed conflict and its aftermath. Beyond that, other chaotic factors embedded in various social, legal, economic, and political aspects of this society have influenced the nature, gravity, and dynamics of these disputes and the way in which Traditional Institutions and the Local Council Courts have attempted to resolve them.

Sertão Quilombola

Journal Articles & Books
Décembre, 2007
América Latina e Caribe
América do Sul
Brasil

O propósito deste Sertão Quilombola - a Formação dos Quilombos no Sertão de Pernambuco é publicizar os processos iniciais de territorialização e as diversas expressões de ocupação tradicional dos territórios quilombolas da Região. Dessa forma contirbui para desmistificar o senso comum que insiste em focar exclusivamente as ligações entre essas comunidades e reminiscências históricas de antigos quilombos de escravos fugitivos.

Land Reform in Tajikistan

Journal Articles & Books
Décembre, 2007
Tajikistan

This paper examines the impact of land reform on agricultural productivity in Tajikistan. Recent legislation allows farmers to obtain access to heritable land shares for private use, but reform has been geographically uneven. The break-up of state farms has occurred in some areas where agriculture has little to offer but, where high value crops are grown, land reform has hardly begun. In cases where collectivized farming persists and land has not been distributed, productivity remains low and individual households benefit little from farming.

Report on Eviction and Resettlement of Pastoralists from Ihefu and Usangu-Mbarali District to Kilwa and Lindi Districts

Reports & Research
Novembre, 2007
Tanzania

This study is focused on the effects of the eviction process of pastoralists from Mbarali to Lindi Rural and Kilwa Districts in Lindi Region. The study sampled six villages out 15 villages in Lindi Rural and Kilwa districts. The study employed semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions with district, village authorities, host communities and migrating pastoralists in selected villages.

A Guide to Property Law in Uganda

Peer-reviewed publication
Novembre, 2007
Ouganda

This guide has been written as an information resource for government officials, community leaders, humanitarian aid workers, judges, lawyers and others whose responsibilities include upholding land and property rights in Uganda. It outlines the main provisions of Uganda’s constitutional and legal framework and the protection these provide to property rights. It briefly outlines the historical background to existing land tenure relations, describes the constitutional provisions relating to land in the 1995 Constitution and sets out the main provisions of the Land Act 1998.

Wildlife Conservation for Tourism Investments or Villagers' Livelihoods?

Reports & Research
Mai, 2007
Tanzania

A fact-finding mission team was formed as a result of consultative meetings on the land dispute between the village government and pastoralists in Vilima Vitatu village in Babati district. The team was comprised of the following members: Kassian Mshomba (LHRC), Seif Mangwangi (Majira), Diana Mawalla (PINGOs Forum), Hamadi Sadick, Emmanuel Cornel (PINGOs Forum), Asraji Mvungi (ITV), Rodgers Luhwago (The Citizen), Bakari Mnkondo (Uhuru), Bernard Baha (HakiArdhi) and Chambi Chachage (Independent Researcher).


Land reform, security of tenure and environmental conservation in Nigeria

Journal Articles & Books
Décembre, 2006
Nigéria

This paper is a review of the Land Use Act of 1978 with a view to examining the implications of the Act for security of tenure and environmental conservation. The review indicates that while the inalienation of rights of use and ownership of land under the communal or group ownership tenure system limited access to land and security of tenure, it encouraged the protection and conservation of land resources and the physical environment.

Maps, not guns, resolve resource conflicts in Cambodia : researchers and villagers create a new model for resource policy in defending traditional land rights

Reports & Research
Novembre, 2006
Cambodia

Uncontrolled development was threatening to destroy the forest environment
and the traditional way of life of the hill people of Ratanakiri. Researchers
worked with the villagers to produce unique maps and resource use plans
that convinced the government of the people’s traditional resource use and
management rights, and eventually set an example for inclusion in new land
tenure legislation for the nation.