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The need for proper attention to land tenure issues in investment planning and due diligence

Reports & Research
Décembre, 2019
Sub-Saharan Africa

This paper is one of three thematic case studies resulting from a set of pilot projects undertaken jointly by civil society and private business partners from 2016–2019 in five countries in sub-Saharan Africa. These pilots sought to test how private companies could collaborate with civil society organisations and other stakeholders to implement responsible agribusiness investments that recognise and respect community land rights, and to develop innovative tools and approaches that could be adopted and implemented at greater scale.

Awnetypan amazad: políticas indígenas do habitar e gestão territorial-ambiental em terras indígenas

Journal Articles & Books
Décembre, 2019
América Latina e Caribe
América do Sul
Brasil

Este artigo apresenta uma análise etnográfica acerca das políticas do habitar entre o povo Wapichana segundo modos específicos de relações com lugares. Em seguida aborda como essas formas próprias de habitar entraram em relação com a agenda de gestão territorial e ambiental de terras indígenas no Brasil por meio da elaboração de um Plano de Gestão Territorial e Ambiental – PGTA. Ao trazer esse encontro, o objetivo é destacar algumas dificuldades de translação na comunicação intercultural.

Large Scale Land Acquisitions in Kenya

Policy Papers & Briefs
Décembre, 2019
Kenya

In Kenya, the total land area of the country is 58 million hectares (ha), of which only around 10% is classified as arable land. As of January 2020, the Land Matrix had recorded a total of 14 concluded deals in the country, totalling 269 411 ha, or just 0.46% of the total land area. Although this is a relatively small land footprint, these deals may still have significant implications for local communities and indigenous people. It is important to note that in this country profile, regional filters were used to sort and extract the data on the Land Matrix online platform.

Community Guide to the International Finance Corporation: An action resource for people affected by IFC-funded projects

Manuals & Guidelines
Décembre, 2019
Global

This guide is written for communities who face negative impacts from IFC-supported projects. It explains what the IFC is and how it provides financial and other support to businesses, including intermediary banks and funds. The guide explains what the IFC Environmental and Social Performance Standards are and who is responsible for implementing them and making sure they are respected on the ground.

Avoiding Forced Displacement: A Community Guide to Negotiation and Advocacy (Southeast Asia Edition)

Manuals & Guidelines
Décembre, 2019
South-Eastern Asia

This guide aims to help communities develop “interest-based” negotiation skills and understand how to use a range of tools to deal with the power imbalance between them and those trying to take their housing, land and resources. The guide may be useful to communities threatened with eviction as well as communities that are negotiating solutions for evictions already suffered. It encourages communities to develop a negotiation strategy that incorporates advocacy at key points in order to strengthen their position.

Secure and equal access to land for all: Lessons on land governance and climate resilience from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Policy Papers & Briefs
Décembre, 2019
Tanzania

Secure land and property rights are essential for improving the livelihoods of the poor and ending poverty. Effective and equitable land governance can also contribute to economic development, domestic resource mobilisation and climate change resilience. Promoting fair and transparent land tenure systems should therefore be a priority for national governments.

La société civile s’engage fermement dans le processus de la politique foncière rurale au Niger

Reports & Research
Décembre, 2019
Afrique
Niger

Le dépliant rapelle la contribution des organisations de la société civile dans le processus d'élaboration de la politique foncière rurale au Niger et leur rôle dans la mobilisation des acteurs, le partenariat créé dans une approche participative et inclusive


 

Geographical indication

Décembre, 2019
Global

Agricultural products are generally associated with their place of production and are influenced by specific local, geographical factors such as climate and soil. A geographical indication (GI) is a sign (or name) used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess unique qualities or a reputation associated with the product of the origin (WIPO 2004). The qualities, characteristics or reputation of the product should be essentially due to the place of origin.

From Tree Planting to Tree Growing: Rethinking Ecosystem Restoration Through Tree

Décembre, 2019
Global

Every year, millions of dollars are spent on tree-based landscape restoration activities. Over the last five decades, there are few success stories of such interventions and even those do not match the anticipated objectives for which the resources were spent. News articles that announce planting campaigns of millions of seedlings are common. Despite all this, in many countries, vegetation cover has not improved due to poor seedling survival rate. This makes the return on investment low.

Citizen’s science approach to climate smart and nutrition sensitive seed value chains for food and nutrition security in Uganda and Ethiopia

Décembre, 2019

Local communities currently have limited access to information and the diversity of planting materials that would allow them to diversify their production systems to cope with unpredictable weather and stabilize their livelihoods. There are currently limited and scattered mechanisms in place to share and increase the diversity of farmers’ varieties beyond the local level.

As Áfricas Brasileiras

Journal Articles & Books
Novembre, 2019
América Latina e Caribe
América do Sul
Brasil

O Brasil possui um passivo social e histórico com as comunidades quilombolas, marcado pela escravidão e a exclusão. As questões fundiárias são aquelas que mais afligem essas comunidades, que lutam pela regularização ou ampliação de seus reduzidos territórios. Embora seja visível o avanço jurídico representado pela legislação desde a Constituição de 1988, as comunidades quilombolas são marcadas pela vivência cotidiana de conflitos por terra.

The Journey to a Better Tomorrow: Land;Climate Change and Gender. Experience from the Field

Novembre, 2019

Liberia has long maintained a dual land tenure system over statutory and customary lands characterized by unclear terms of ownership. Most rural Liberians depend on common resources for their survival. These are largely communally owned;used and managed. But the Liberian government has effectively treated all un-deeded land as public land to be administered by the State. This has undermined the land rights of the majority.