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Land Restitution in Postconflict Burundi

Journal Articles & Books
Février, 2021

With the end of the civil war in Burundi, the government began a transitional justice process to consolidate peace and deal with the legacies of past violations. Part of the transitional justice work in the country has been restitution of land and other property – a process that has provoked further violence and, to some extent, threatened national unity. Political elites have hijacked the land restitution process in a way that has shaped land conflicts on the ground and affected national politics.

The Production of Pastoral Space: Modeling Spatial Occupation of Grazing Land for Environmental Impact Assessment Using Structural Equation Modeling

Peer-reviewed publication
Février, 2021

Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is a key tool for both environmental and land management. It identifies potential adverse and unintended consequences of the projects on land use and the environment and derives possible mitigation measures to address these impacts. Calculating the volume and severity of impacts is complex and often relies on selections and simplifications. Moreover, calculating impacts associated with nomadic-pastoral (dynamic) land use is still an unresolved methodological problem.

Integration of Geospatial data of UAVs in Cadastral Management System and Regularization of Illegal Occupations in Informal Settlements

Peer-reviewed publication
Décembre, 2020

Abstract: To avoid illegal occupation of people in areas where construction is forbidden and the development of informal settlements, municipal authorities must anticipate city planning. The implementation of layouts and cadastral plans, plays a broad range of uses in: taxation, land development, land registration, urban planning and design of infrastructure necessary to improve the living conditions of the population. This paper aims to demonstrate that, the integration of images of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) is an alternative solution to the production of cadastral maps.

Contribution A L'Analyse De L'Insecurite Fonciere Dans Les Fronts Pionniers Des Marges Du Pays Bamoun (Ouest -Cameroun )

Décembre, 2020

       Context and backgroundWith many physical and human potentials, the Bamun country in the western highlands of Cameroon, which is an agricultural area excellence is today experiencing serious socio-economic and spatial transformations. The coffee crises, growth in cash crop production and demographic pressure within the former agricultural spaces has favored the movement of producers towards pioneer fronts. The availability of land capital in these new agricultural spaces attracts migrants from other horizons.

Problématique Foncière Relative À L’Occupation De L’Espace Autour Des Monts Mbankolo Et Akok-Ndoué À Yaoundé

Décembre, 2020

La divergence entre les normes urbanistiques, les modes d’acquisition foncière et pratiques foncières régit le mode d’occupation du sol dans la capitale camerounaise. Cette  recherche vise à analyser les logiques socio-spatiales qui conduisent à l’installation croissante des populations dans les espaces dits « non aedificandi ». La recherche s’est appuyée sur une recherche documentaire, des entretiens semi-directifs, observations directes et des enquêtes auprès de 100 ménages dans les quartiers Akok-Ndoué et Mbankolo.

To farm or not to farm: Understanding the determinants of youth livelihood aspirations in Vietnam

Décembre, 2020

In the context of commercial agriculture in Vietnam, this study investigates rural youth livelihood aspirations through an analysis of young people’s value for family farming and an assessment of whether or not they foresee agriculture as their main occupation. Using an intra-household dataset of cassava farmers in Vietnam, the study shows that the majority of youth aspire to work in agriculture, which is contrary to the popular belief that young people are not interested in agriculture. We employ the framework of opportunity space and embedded aspirations to assess the

Can call detail records provide insights into women’s empowerment? A case study from Uganda

Décembre, 2020

We use CDRs of mobile phone users in Uganda combined with data from a phone survey to train machine-learning models to predict the sex of the mobile phone user and several indicators of economic empowerment such as ownership of a house and land, occupation, and decision-making over household income. The most accurate of the models predicts the sex of the mobile phone user with 78% accuracy. The different indicators of economic empowerment are predicted with accuracies ranging from 57% to 61%. We also predict users’ sex and economic empowerment jointly.

Farm management and varietal choice in cassava-based production systems in Colombia

Décembre, 2020

Cassava is a commodity root crop grown globally for food and industrial purposes. In Colombia, it is the ninth most planted agricultural product involving more than 140 thousand farmers. Despite the key role it plays in the Colombian agricultural sector, information regarding the crop’s management or how cassava growers select on cultivars to grow for different purposes is limited or inexistent. This working paper exploits two separate primary data surveys at household-level in the Caribbean region and Cauca main cassava growing areas of Colombia.

The End of Cattle’s Paradise: How Land Diversion for Ranches Eroded Food Security in The Gambos;Angola

Octobre, 2019

Two new papers by Sandra Bhatasara and Kirk Helliker on land occupations in Shamva and Bindura Districts;Mashonaland Central;are analysed. They offer nuanced accounts of what happened. As previous studies have shown;the story is not straightforward. Includes history and memory;organising occupations;the occupiers;rise of the party-state;why does this history matter? Concludes that together these two papers shed important light on the land occupation period.