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Displaying 85 - 96 of 171

Land Redistribution in South Africa

Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
Mai, 2012
Afrique du Sud
Afrique australe
Afrique

This paper provides an overview of land reform in South Africa from 1994 to 2011, with the focus on the land redistribution. The government policies and associated implementation since 1994 have not generated expected social and economic results for a number of reasons. Even where land has been transferred, it appears to have had minimal impact on the livelihoods of beneficiaries, largely because of inappropriate project design, a lack of necessary support services and shortages of working capital, leading to widespread underutilization of land.

Land in Transition : Reform and Poverty in Rural Vietnam

Reports & Research
Avril, 2012

The policy reforms called for in the
transition from a socialist command economy to a developing
market economy bring both opportunities and risks to a
country's citizens. In poor economies, the initial
focus of reform efforts is naturally the rural sector, which
is where one finds the bulk of the population and almost all
the poor. Economic development will typically entail moving
many rural households out of farming into more remunerative

Land Fragmentation, Cropland
Abandonment, and Land Market Operation in Albania

Avril, 2012

Albania's radical farmland
distribution is credited with averting an economic crisis
and social unrest during the transition. But many believe it
led to a holding structure too fragmented to be efficient,
and that public efforts to consolidate plots are needed to
lay the foundation for greater rural productivity. This
paper uses farm-level data from the 2005 Albania Living
Standards Measurement Survey to explore this quantitatively.

What Drives the Global “Land Rush”?

Mars, 2012

The 2007-2008 upsurge in agricultural
commodity prices gave rise to widespread concern about
investors causing a "global land rush". Large land
deals can provide opportunities for better access to
capital, transfer of technology, and advances in
productivity and employment generation. But they carry risks
of dispossession and loss of livelihoods, corruption,
deterioration in local food security, environmental damage,

Environmental and Gender Impacts of Land Tenure Regularization in Africa : Pilot evidence from Rwanda

Mars, 2012

Although increased global demand for
land has led to renewed interest in African land tenure, few
models to address these issues quickly and at the required
scale have been identified or evaluated. The case of
Rwanda's nation-wide and relatively low-cost land
tenure regularization program is thus of great interest.
This paper evaluates the short-term impact (some 2.5 years
after completion) of the pilots undertaken to fine-tune the

Rising Global Interest in Farmland :
Can it Yield Sustainable and Equitable Benefits?

Mars, 2012

Interest in farmland is rising. And,
given commodity price volatility, growing human and
environmental pressures, and worries about food security,
this interest will increase, especially in the developing
world. One of the highest development priorities in the
world must be to improve smallholder agricultural
productivity, especially in Africa. Smallholder productivity
is essential for reducing poverty and hunger, and more and

Stolen land and stolen future : a report of land grabbing in Cambodia

Institutional & promotional materials
Décembre, 2011
Cambodge

The focus of this report is land grabbing in Cambodia.
it is based on APRODEV Agencies experience from
many years of development work. The report documents how affected communities have lost their livelihoods because of land grabbing by national and
international business corporations. Local communities have lost their livelihoods.
and have not been consulted. They have received little or no compensation for their loss. The system of economic land concessions is a significant part of the issue.

Land tenure and rural development - Case of Slovakia

Policy Papers & Briefs
Décembre, 2011
Slovaquie

The structure of ownership of agricultural land, despite of the developing market with agricultural land in recent years, has not changed considerably. Most of agricultural land in Slovakia is, even after 6 years from the entry of Slovakia into the EU, leased. According to the Structural census of farms (2001), the lease of agricultural land represents 96%, in 2010 it was 91% (EUROSTAT, 2010).

Calculation of capitalization rate for farmland

Journal Articles & Books
Décembre, 2011
Turquie

The expropriation value of agricultural land is determined by the income capitalization approach under Turkey's Expropriation Act. Accordingly, the value of land is determined by dividing net income by the capitalization rate. One of the major issues giving rise to misunderstanding in expropriation cases is the misuse of the capitalization rate. Currently, the overextending of expropriation cases contributes to investment latency and the escalation of expropriation costs.

Contemporary processes of largescale land acquisition by investors: Case studies from sub-Saharan Africa

Journal Articles & Books
Décembre, 2011
Ghana
Mozambique
Tanzania
Zambie
Afrique

Rapid growth of emerging economies, emerging interest in biofuels as an alternative to fossil fuels and recent volatility in commodity prices have led to a marked increase in the pace and scale of foreign and domestic investment in landbased enterprises in the global South. Emerging evidence of the negative social and environmental effects of these large-scale land transfers and growing concern from civil society have placed ‘global land grabs’ firmly on the map of global land use change and public discourse. Yet what are the processes involved in these large-scale land transfers?

Land Rights and the Rush for Land. Findings of the Global Commercial Pressures on Land Project

Reports & Research
Décembre, 2011
Afrique

5 chapters: introduction; features, triggers, and drivers of the global rush for land; impacts; factors shaping the land rush; conclusions and policy considerations. Africa is the prime target, the best land is often being targeted for acquisition, national elites are playing a major role, the rural poor are frequently being dispossessed, compensation for resource loss is rarely adequate, women are particularly vulnerable.

Weidevogelcompensatie in Fryslân: achtergronden en uitwerking

Reports & Research
Décembre, 2011

Weidevogels spelen een belangrijke rol in het ruimtelijk beleid van de provincie Friesland, ook al zijn weidevogelgebieden (buiten de EHS en buiten eigendom van een natuurorganisatie) niet planologisch beschermd. In het streekplan van de provincie is namelijk bepaald dat weidevogelwaarden in de afweging van nieuwe ruimtelijke ontwikkelingen als zelfstandig belang moeten worden betrokken. Een weidevogelcompensatie is aan de orde bij ruimtelijke ingrepen en is nader uitgewerkt in het Werkplan Weidevogels (2007-2013).