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The development of a farmer decision-making mind map to inform climate services in Central America

Décembre, 2022
Global

The growing complexity of the relationship between climate information and agricultural decision-making necessitates the development of relevant and timely climate services for farmers. These services can effectively support risk management strategies in agriculture by fostering a comprehensive understanding of the intricacies involved in farmer decision-making dynamics. This paper addresses this critical gap by analyzing the drivers influencing decision-making processes that shape adaptation strategies for staple grain and coffee farming systems in Central America.

Gender differentiated adaptation strategies considering climate risk perceptions, impacts, and socio-technical conditions in Senegal’s Dry Regions

Décembre, 2022
India

The present study attempts to understand the farmers’ gender-differentiated perception of climate risk and its impact, access to climate information, and adaptation strategies in Senegal’s dry regions. Study uses data collected from 514 households through primary survey between May and June 2022 covering Kaffrine, Louga and Thies subregions and multiple communes, including 5% women-headed households and 12% women respondents.

From seeds of change to harvesting equality: Women in India’s agro-ecology based agri-food systems

Décembre, 2022
India

The Indian agricultural system is undergoing rapid degradation because of climate-induced shocks and stressors. As a result, there have been endeavors among governments, civil society organizations and researchers to embrace transformative approaches toward the agri-food system. Within this context, agroecology has emerged as a comprehensive methodology that aims to reshape food systems by harnessing the interconnectedness between indigenous knowledge, local conservation practices, social capital and strategies for adapting to the climate crisis.

Are wheat-based farming systems in South Asia feminizing?

Décembre, 2022
Global

This article pulls together the state of knowledge on the degree to which wheat-based systems in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan, are feminizing. It is not yet possible to make definitive statements. However, it is clear that wheat-based systems are undergoing far-reaching changes in relation to “who does what” and “who decides.” There are some commonalities across all four countries. Intersectionalities shape women’s identities and abilities to exert their agency. Purdah is a cultural norm in many locations. Nevertheless, each country displays different meta-trends.

Status of integrated crop-livestock research in the mixed farming systems of the Global South: a scoping study

Décembre, 2022
Global

Mixed farming systems (MFS) are the main food source and exist across almost all agroecological regions in the Global South. A systematic scoping review was conducted to identify the status of integrated crop-livestock research in MFS of the Global South. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses protocol was used to identify 210 studies (excluding reviews) addressing productivity, resilience, challenges, opportunities, and perceptions of integrating crops and livestock in the Global South from the Scopus and Web of Science database.

Positive Grounds for Agroforestry-Based Systems in Tunisia to Transform to more Equitability and Inclusiveness

Décembre, 2022
Tunisia

Agroforestry-based food systems play a critical role in many dryland regions of the word, including Tunisia. These farming systems offer a range of benefits such as diversification of food and income resources for local communities, biodiversity conservation, and environmental resilience. Fig trees, olives, carob, and honey are common features of these Mediterranean agroforestry landscapes, and their produce is a traditional staple in many cuisines.

Transforming beef farming systems: Advances in grazing management for sustainable production

Décembre, 2022
Germany

This study analyses the impact of high-quality nutritional grasses in feeding on beef cattle in farms from Córdoba Department, Colombia. The low productivity and high environmental impact associated with beef farming in the region make it necessary to implement sustainable intensification strategies that increase animal yield and mitigate climate change.

Mixed Farming Systems in the tropics, a CGIAR Initiative in 5 countries. Challenges and Collaboration in Laos

Décembre, 2022
Germany

This Initiative addresses the Sustainable intensification (SI) of Mixed farming systems (MFS). By SI, we mean the production of more food on the same piece of land while reducing the negative environmental impact. MFS cover about 2.5 billion ha of land globally. In the developing world, MFS supply around 75% of milk, 60% of meat, and 41–86% of cereals consumed. These farming systems occur in nearly all agro-ecological zones, with an enormous variety of climatic and soil conditions and livelihood patterns. In SEast Asia the initiative is working in Bangladesh, Nepal and Laos.

Changes in soil properties with long-term organic inputs due to distance from homestead and farm characteristics in southern Ethiopian farmlands

Décembre, 2022
Global

Traditional farming systems across much of Sub-Saharan Africa have greater organic inputs near to the homestead than in fields further away. This is likely to produce a fertility gradient that impacts production capacity, and so provides an opportunity to explore impacts of organic amendments on soils. Across 198 farm plots in 69 households in Halaba, Southern Ethiopia, we investigated the influence of different organic input systems on soil properties.

The input reduction principle of agroecology is wrong when it comes to mineral fertilizer use in sub-Saharan Africa

Décembre, 2022
Global

Can farmers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) boost crop yields and improve food availability without using more mineral fertilizer? This question has been at the center of lively debates among the civil society, policy-makers, and in academic editorials. Proponents of the “yes” answer have put forward the “input reduction” principle of agroecology, i.e. by relying on agrobiodiversity, recycling and better efficiency, agroecological practices such as the use of legumes and manure can increase crop productivity without the need for more mineral fertilizer.