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The Effects of Conflict on Fertility in Rwanda

Mars, 2012

The aim of this paper is to study the
short and long-term fertility effects of mass violent
conflict on different population sub-groups. The authors
pool three nationally representative demographic and health
surveys from before and after the genocide in Rwanda,
identifying conflict exposure of the survivors in multiple
ways. The analysis finds a robust effect of genocide on
fertility, with a strong replacement effect for lost

Yemen, Republic of - Road Sector : Strategy Note

Mars, 2012

The Republic of Yemen has experienced
steady development in the recent past and its Gross Domestic
Product (GDP) per capita is approaching US$1,000. By many
aspects, Yemen is unique. It is still a rural country (with
more than 70 percent of the population living in the
countryside). It has about 140,000 villages and small
settlements spread out all over the territory, many of which
still need road access and harbor most of the country's

Assessing the Reintegration of Ex-Combatants in the Context of Instability and Informal Economies

Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
Décembre, 2011
Soudan du Sud
République centrafricaine
République démocratique du Congo
Afrique

The implementation of effective Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) programmes in countries emerging from violent conflict are essential for building and maintaining peace and security. In many instances the disarmament and demobilisation of former combatants was achieved, but reintegration remained a challenge, due to the long-term focus and the substantial resources that are required for such a process to be successful.

Is Reintegration Still Worth Doing Eight Years After the Ceasefire?

Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
Décembre, 2011
Congo
Afrique

Although official warfare in the Republic of Congo stopped more than eight years ago, the pool region has continued to feel the collateral effects of war until now at a scale largely ignored by the general public. The pool region is where the Ninjas, a group of local militias, originated during the civil strife and retreated to afterwards. Peace and recovery did not gain traction in the area until 2010/11.

Mapping For Rights Initiative

Websites
Novembre, 2011
Global

MappingForRights, an initiative of the Rainforest Foundation UK and local partners, enables forest communities themselves to demonstrate their presence in the forest; decision-makers and the private sector to take account of and recognise this presence; and to assist the international community in ensuring that programmes concerned with the Congo Basin’s forests provide equitable benefits for local communities.

Moving to Catch Up

Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
Novembre, 2011
Ouganda
Afrique

The purpose of this study was to provide a better understanding for policy makers and service providers of mobility and migration among ex-combatants and the effectiveness of Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) programming in Uganda. The study followed a scoping study on migration in Uganda conducted in March 2011 by the Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program (TDRP) of the World Bank.

Forced Displacement in Europe and Central Asia

Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
Octobre, 2011
Europe
Asie central

This paper describes forced displacement in the Europe and Central Asia Region (ECA) and the vulnerabilities associated with being a displaced person. It analyzes the development challenges of forced displacement particularly protracted displacement in the region and the prospects for durable solutions. Displaced persons face challenges related to recovery of or access to housing and land, employment and livelihoods, access to services and public goods including health, education, and infrastructure, and accountable and responsive governance.

Límites a la propiedad de la tierra: Antecedentes legales

Journal Articles & Books
Août, 2010
Pérou

El tema de los límites a la propiedad, o más precisamente del establecimiento a través de la ley de límites máximos a la propiedad de la tierra agrícola ha retomado actualidad en los últimos meses en el Perú. A la fecha se han presentado hasta tres propuestas legislativas al respecto, no obstante es necesario revisar algunos antecedentes antes de pasar a las propuestas mismas.

Décentralization et Limites Foncièrs au Mali

Journal Articles & Books
Juin, 2009
Mali

Au Mali, au début des années 1990, la décentralisation fut d’abord un acte politique permettant de proposer une solution viable au problème de la rébellion touarègue.Ensuite, les aspirations aux idées occidentales démocratiques (pluralisme politique,liberté de la presse, etc.) d’une partie des élites urbaines ont rencontré les plans des occidentaux pour le développement de l’Afrique pour donner un système de décentralisation territoriale à la française, mais où la commune est composée d’un ensemble

Building Informal Justice in Northern Kenya

Reports & Research
Training Resources & Tools
Décembre, 2008
Kenya
Afrique

This report analyzes the conflict resolution mechanisms among pastoralist societies in northern Kenya who have a long history of conflict but were by and large not involved in recent hostilities. It is based on qualitative research data that was collected during field visits between July and November 2007 in three arid lands districts in Northern Kenya - Isiolo, Baringo/East Pokot and Garissa. Research areas were selected to gain insight into conflict and legal dynamics among a variety of ethnic groups and in differing ecological and political environments.

Donor and NGO Involvement in Land Issues – some Further Reflections

Reports & Research
Septembre, 2007
Afrique

Reflections based on personal experiences as an academic and as Oxfam’s former Global Land Adviser. Cites a number of institutions on how they conceive of the role of donors in land matters, including the recent DFID policy paper on land, which the author hopes will encourage country level DFID staff to engage. Looks at changing contexts of donor involvement in land issues, including World Bank approaches. Examines contrasting interpretations of the role of NGOs on land issues, stressing that context and history are critical.

Zambia Draft Land Policy (Workinf draft)

Reports & Research
Octobre, 2006
Zambie
Afrique

A working draft which ‘should not be quoted and interpreted as the policy of the Government of Zambia or any other government ministry or department until it has been finally agreed and adopted’. Has a brief background section and a brief section on vision, rationale, guiding principles, and objectives. The bulk is devoted to ‘situation analysis, challenges and policy measures’.