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Land Reform and Child Health in the Kyrgyz Republic

Décembre, 2023
Kyrgyzstan

Can the establishment of private property rights to land improve child health and nutrition outcomes? We exploit a natural experiment in the Kyrgyz Republic following the collapse of socialism, whereby the government rapidly liquidated state and collective farms containing 75 percent of agricultural land and distributed it to individuals, providing 99-year transferable use rights. We use household surveys collected before, during, and after the privatization reform and spatial variation in its timing to identify its health and nutrition impacts.

Land Reform and Child Health in the Kyrgyz Republic

Décembre, 2023
Kyrgyzstan

Can the establishment of private property rights to land improve child health and nutrition outcomes? We exploit a natural experiment in the Kyrgyz Republic following the collapse of socialism, whereby the government rapidly liquidated state and collective farms containing 75 percent of agricultural land and distributed it to individuals, providing 99-year transferable use rights. We use household surveys collected before, during, and after the privatization reform and spatial variation in its timing to identify its health and nutrition impacts.

Fiche pédagogique : Le certificat comme outil de sécurisation des droits : premiers bilans et questions en suspens

Reports & Research
Octobre, 2022
Madagascar

À Madagascar, depuis 2005, la réforme foncière reconnaît légalement l’existence d’un régime de propriété privée non titrée (PPNT) aux côtés de la propriété privée titrée. Des guichets fonciers opérant à l’échelle des communes sont habilités à délivrer des certificats fonciers, preuve légale de propriété privée, à la demande du/des propriétaires et à l’issue d’une procédure qui s’assure du consensus social local.

Women’s tenure security on collective lands: A conceptual framework

Décembre, 2020
United States of America

Within discussions of land and resource rights, there is growing attention to women’s rights, mostly in terms of household and individual rights to private property. This leaves unanswered questions about whether and how women’s land rights can be secured under collective tenure, upon which billions of people worldwide depend. There is an important gap in conceptual tools, empirical understanding, and policy recommendations on women’s land rights within collective tenure.

Stakeholder power relations in Land Value Capture: comparing public (China) and private (U.S.) dominant regimes

Peer-reviewed publication
Janvier, 2020
Chine
Norvège
Fédération de Russie
États-Unis d'Amérique

Understanding stakeholder power relations—such as between land sellers, land buyers, and local governments—is crucial to understanding Land Value Capture (LVC). While scholars have focused on stakeholder relationships through approaches such as stakeholder salience, stakeholder interaction, stakeholder value network, and stakeholder multiplicity, much research either places insufficient focus on power or only stresses partial attributes of power. As a result, the role of power relations among key stakeholders in LVC remains insufficiently explored.

Locked Out. How Unjust Systems are Driving Inequality in Uganda

Octobre, 2019
Uganda

In advance of the release of the World Bank’s 2019 Enabling the Business of Agriculture (EBA) report;the Oakland Institute exposes the Bank’s new scheme to privatize land in the developing world. It details how the Bank’s prescribed reforms;via a new land indicator in the EBA project;promotes large-scale land acquisitions and the expansion of agribusinesses in the developing world. Initiated as a pilot in 38 countries in 2017;the land indicator is expected to be expanded to 80 countries in 2019. The project is funded by the US and UK governments and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

The Struggle between the Powerful and the People

Reports & Research
Mai, 2019
Liberia

In November 2018, the Sustainable Development Institute (SDI) commissioned field-based research on privately owned monoculture plantations across Bomi County, Liberia. The study sought to identify and provide a broader understanding on the nature and implications of privately owned land holdings on the livelihood/food sovereignty of local communities in view of the expansion of Sime Darby's plantation activities. The research is aligned with promoting SDI's approach on community rights and food security with good governance in forest and climate

III Seminário Internacional de Governança de Terras e Desenvolvimento Econômico: Regularização Fundiária

Journal Articles & Books
Décembre, 2017
América Latina e Caribe
América do Sul
Brasil
É com enorme satisfação que apresentamos o resultado dos trabalhos do III SEMINÁRIO INTERNACIONAL DE GOVERNANÇA DE TERRAS E DESENVOLVIMENTO ECONÔMICO: REGULARIZAÇÃO FUNDIÁRIA, evento realizado entre os dias, 7, 8 e 9 de junho de 2017, no anfiteatro do Instituto de Economia da Unicamp.
 
Durante os 03 (três) dias de produtivas discussões, acadêmicos, especialistas e o público em geral tiveram a oportunidade de debater algumas das principais questões relativa à Regularização Fundiária, atuando como um instrumento que busca a otimização da gestão da

The Categorical Lucas Rule and the Nuisance and Background Principles Exception

Reports & Research
Mai, 2017
United States of America

This article examines the seminal 1992 United States Supreme Court decision, Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council, 1 specifically focusing on the Lucas nuisance exception. I surveyed approximately 1,600 reported regulatory takings cases decided since the Lucas decision involving Lucas takings challenges. I identified the statutory nuisance cases in which state and local governments unsuccessfully asserted the Lucas nuisance exception as a defense to the courts' findings of a Lucas taking.

In the absence of private property rights: Political control and state corporatism during Putin's first tenure

Journal Articles & Books
Novembre, 2016
Russia

This paper argues that Russia's choice of economic organization, which is based on the renewed role of the state, is a response to the existence of severe transaction costs, and subsequent mitigation of contractual incompleteness in the absence of a strong property rights system. Ill-defined property rights have historically hampered formation of business classes in Russia, reducing the necessity for appropriate market infrastructure.