Assessing Soil Quality in a Semiarid Tropical Watershed Using a Geographic Information System | Land Portal

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Date of publication: 
décembre 2011
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ISBN / Resource ID: 

Subsistence agriculture under rainfed conditions and declining or stagnant yields on irrigated farmland has raised concerns about resource management and long-term sustainability in the subtropical, semiarid region of India. Soil quality assessment has been recognized as an important step toward understanding the effects of land management practices within an agricultural watershed. This study addressed the spatial variability of soil properties and their quality at the watershed level using geostatistical methods. Soil samples from the 0- to 20-cm depth were collected from 118 locations on a 100- by 100-m grid across an 88-ha watershed at Sakaliseripalli village in the Nalgonda District in Andhra Pradesh State, India. Geostatistical analysis showed that most of the soil parameters were moderately spatially dependent. An assessment framework, including a minimum data set, linear scoring technique, and additive indices, was used to evaluate the soil quality index (SQI). Principal component analysis identified cation exchange capacity, exchangeable Na percentage, DTPA-extractable Zn, available P, available water, and dehydrogenase activity as the most important indicators for evaluating soil quality. A kriged map of SQI was prepared for the watershed. The SQI was higher in irrigated systems (3.01) than under rainfed conditions (2.53), and it was 2.61 and 2.53 in fallow and permanent fallow fields, respectively. In this study, potential soil loss calculated using the Universal Soil Loss Equation and crop yield were identified as the quantifiable management goals; the results indicated that good soils having higher soil quality indices were also productive and less erosion prone.

Auteurs et éditeurs

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Mandal, Uttam Kumar
Ramanchandran, Kausalya
Sharma, K.L.
Satyam, B.
Venkanna, K.
Bhanu, M. Udaya
Mandal, Moumita
Masane, Rahul N.
Narsimlu, B.
Rao, K.V.
Srinivasarao, Ch.
Korwar, G.R.
Venkateswarlu, B.

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The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) is a progressive international scientific society that fosters the transfer of knowledge and practices to sustain global soils. Based in Madison, WI, and founded in 1936, SSSA is the professional home for 6,000+ members and 1,000+ certified professionals dedicated to advancing the field of soil science. The Society provides information about soils in relation to crop production, environmental quality, ecosystem sustainability, bioremediation, waste management, recycling, and wise land use.

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