Tribes, state, and technology adoption in arid land management, Syria | Land Portal

Informations sur la ressource

Date of publication: 
janvier 2001
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 
eldis:A29269

Discusses the widely help conception that arid shrub-lands in Syria and elsewhere in West Asia and North Africa are degraded. A particular characteristic of such areas is a preponderance of unpalatable shrubs or a lack of overall ground cover with a rise in the associated risks of soil erosion.The article finds that:migrating pastoralists have been the scapegoats for this condition of the range. State steppe interventions of the last forty years have reflected this with programs to supplant customary systems with structures and institutions promoting western grazing systems and technologiesby examining the overlap and interface of government and customary legal systems as a factor in the history of shrub technology transfer in the Syrian steppe, it is possible to deconstruct state steppe policy in Syriathe link made between signs of degradation and perceived moribund customary systems is not at all causalcustomary systems are found to be adaptive and resilient, and a strong influence on steppe management and the fate of technology transfer initiativesdevelopments in rangeland ecology raise questions about claims for grazing-induced degradation and call for a reinterpretation of recent shifts in vegetation on the Syrian steppeThe article recommends that given the ineffectiveness of past state interventions, and in view of renewed understanding of customary systems and rangeland ecology, decentralization and some devolution of formal management responsibility is likely to be a viable and an attractive option for policymakers.

Auteurs et éditeurs

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

J. Rae
K. Jani
T. Nordblom
G. Arab
G. Gintzburger

Publisher(s): 
Systemwide Program on Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi)

The Systemwide Program on Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi) is one of several inter-center initiatives of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)created to foster research and promote collaboration on institutional aspects of natural resource management between CGIAR research centers, national agricultural research institutions, and other sources.  Its Secretariat is hosted by the Environment and Production Technology Division of the International F

Fournisseur de données

eldis (ELDIS)

Eldis is an online information service providing free access to relevant, up-to-date and diverse research on international development issues. The database includes over 40,000 summaries and provides free links to full-text research and policy documents from over 8,000 publishers. Each document is selected by members of our editorial team.


Partagez cette page