Oil and mining in violent places: why voluntary codes for companies don’t guarantee human rights | Land Portal

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Date of publication: 
janvier 2007
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This paper investigates the extent to which private companies operating in conflict zones can contribute to Human Rights abuses. In addressing this issue, it focuses on four voluntary frameworks – the UN Global Compact, the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, the Global Reporting Initiative and, most relevantly, the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights.The research finds that:

it is clear from the numerous cases where extractive companies have been blamed for complicity in human rights abuses, there are grounds for serious concern about the human rights implications of companies’ operations
in response to this, many major extractive companies have signed up to voluntary human rights frameworks of the kind described in this briefing paper
as an attempt to offer a comprehensive and credible answer, they have so far failed as no voluntary framework deals adequately with the vital issue of material support by companies to armed groups.

The authors conclude that there needs to be an enforceable international standard which ensures that a company discloses any material support to state security forces or other armed groups and shows that such support has been provided to meet an explicit legal requirement.

Auteurs et éditeurs


Global Witness exposes the hidden links between demand for natural resources, corruption, armed conflict and environmental destruction


Many of the world’s worst environmental and human rights abuses are driven by the exploitation of natural resources and corruption in the global political and economic system.  Global Witness is campaigning to end this. We carry out hard-hitting investigations, expose these abuses, and campaign for change.  We are independent, not-for-profit, and work with partners around the world in our fight for justice.

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eldis (ELDIS)

Eldis is an online information service providing free access to relevant, up-to-date and diverse research on international development issues. The database includes over 40,000 summaries and provides free links to full-text research and policy documents from over 8,000 publishers. Each document is selected by members of our editorial team.

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