Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (Burmese/ မြန်မာဘာသာ) | Land Portal

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Date of publication: 
novembre 2011
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Preliminary: 1. Objectives... 2. Nature and scope..... General matters: 3. Guiding principles of responsible tenure governance... 3A General principles... 3B Principles of implementation... 4. Rights and responsibilities related to tenure... 5. Policy, legal and organizational frameworks related to tenure... 6. Delivery of services..... Legal recognition and allocation of tenure rights and duties: 7. Safeguards... 8. Public land, fisheries and forests... 9. Indigenous peoples and other communities with customary tenure systems... 10. Informal tenure..... Transfers and other changes to tenure rights and duties: 11. Markets... 12. Investments... 13. Land consolidation and other readjustment approaches... 14. Restitution... 15. Redistributive reforms... 16. Expropriation and compensation..... Administration of tenure: 17. Records of tenure rights... 18. Valuation... 19. Taxation... 20. Regulated spatial planning... 21. Resolution of disputes over tenure rights... 22. Transboundary matters..... Responses to climate change and emergencies: 23. Climate change... 24. Natural disasters... 25. Conflicts in respect to tenure of land, fisheries and forests..... Promotion, implementation, monitoring and evaluation: "Tenure is the relationship, whether defined legally or customarily, among people with respect to land (including associated buildings and structures), fisheries, forests and other natural resources. The rules of tenure define how access is granted to use and control these resources, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. Tenure thus usually reflects the power structure in a society, and social stability may depend on whether or not there is a broad consensus on the fairness of the tenure system.".......These Guidelines seek to: 1. improve tenure governance by providing guidance and information on internationally accepted practices for systems that deal with the rights to use, manage and control land, fisheries and forests.... 2. contribute to the improvement and development of the policy, legal and organizational frameworks regulating the range of tenure rights that exist over these resources... 3. enhance the transparency and improve the functioning of tenure systems... 4. strengthen the capacities and operations of implementing agencies; judicial authorities; local governments; organizations of farmers and small-scale producers, of fishers, and of forest users; pastoralists; indigenous peoples and other communities; civil society; private sector; academia; and all persons concerned with tenure governance as well as to promote the cooperation between the actors mentioned...

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