China is a socialist country and all land in China belongs to Chinese citizens as a whole. Article 10 of the 1982 Constitution upholds the Chinese land policy that reflects the traditional view of socialism - land of the country must be owned by the country (State) or its agricultural Collectives. State-owned enterprises or other organizations, which cannot own land themselves, may use land with permission from the State.
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Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsjuillet, 2004Chine
Library ResourceRéglementationsjuin, 2004Chine
This Decision amends the Regulations of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region on Protection of Agricultural Environment.The Decision makes the following amendments: change to articles 17 on dumping, disposal and stockpiling solid wastes in the farmland, the basic farmland protection areas; change to articles 19 on discharging waste water into the farmland; change to articles 25 on violations and penalties.
Amends: Regulations of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region on Protection of Agricultural Environment. (1995-05-30)
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesjanvier, 2005Chine, Océanie
Previously in China, all land was controlled by the communes. Over the past twenty years, with the break up of the communes, new land tenure arrangements have given greater control over land to individual households. This essay argues that recent transfers in land tenure between households have caused women to lose rights and decision making power over land, as well as possibilities to benefit from land. Men's migration to cities has caused a 'feminisation' of agriculture which fuels a market for tenure transfer.
Library ResourceRessources et Outils d'entraînementDocuments de politique et mémoiresjanvier, 2004Slovénie, Liechtenstein, Bangladesh, Slovaquie, El Salvador, Croatie, Chili, Zimbabwe, Allemagne, Suisse, Hongrie, Australie, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Pologne, Inde, Brésil, République tchèque, Europe orientale, Global, Amérique centrale, Afrique orientale, Amérique du Sud, Afrique australe, Asie orientale, Caraïbes, Asie méridionale, Asie central
Citizenship is an abstract concept and therefore great care must be taken in explaining what it means in practice and what can effectively be done in the context of development interventions and policy. Development projects which enhance the ability of marginalised groups to access and influence decision-making bodies are implicitly if not explicitly working with concepts of citizenship. Citizenship is about concrete institutions, policy and structures and the ways in which people can shape them using ideas of rights and participation.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2004Indonésie, Asie orientale, Océanie
Indonesia’s forests have been disappearing rapidly since the 1980s: 1.8 million hectares per year are estimated to have been deforested between 1985 and 1997. Consequently, there is a possibility that in some areas, the forests will cease to function as a viable resource base in the near future.This paper examines the role of economic incentives in causing deforestation, focussing on policies that distort prices and create the conditions for unsustainable harvesting.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2005Brésil, Philippines, Amérique latine et Caraïbes, Asie orientale, Océanie
Today, many rural poor Filipinos are using state law to try to claim land rights. In spite of the availability of a much stronger set of legal resources than ever before, claiming legal land rights remains difficult. Some argue these difficulties are a reason to turn away from state-led land reform and toward a market-assisted land reform (MALR) model.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2004Guinée équatoriale, République centrafricaine, Cameroun, Congo, Inde, Gabon, Thaïlande, Océanie, Afrique sub-saharienne, Asie méridionale, Asie orientale
Over ten million people have been displaced from protected areas by conservation projects. Forced displacement in developing countries is a major obstacle to reducing poverty. It should no longer be considered a mainstream strategy for conservation and only applied in extreme cases following international standards.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2004Rwanda, Afrique du Sud, Mali, Zimbabwe, Cambodge, Afrique sub-saharienne, Asie orientale, Océanie
This paper looks at the dynamics of land and violent conflict. It states that conflict situations in rural societies deeply affect the politics of land, and that land requires a careful approach by policy makers because it is a central element in the evolution of societies. As a result, policies pertaining to land are not neutral in terms of conflict management.The paper argues that donors seeking to promote peace and development should tackle land issues in recipient countries more systematically, more carefully and in a more coherent manner.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2004Indonésie, Ghana, Afrique sub-saharienne, Asie orientale, Océanie, Asie méridionale
This article, a summary of the book sharing the same title, examines issues around the allocation of land and education within families.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2004Asie orientale, Océanie
Water governance in the Philippines is saddled by several problems. The failure to implement laws governing the watershed approach and the absence of institutional mechanisms has seriously undermined any effort to mainstream and integrate water and watershed plans and programmes into the activities of various agencies involved in water resources management and governance.
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