Only 30 percent of land suitable for agriculture is utilized for crops (with significant regional variation). More than double the area suitable for pasture is used for livestock grazing, with negative environmental consequences. Although markets provide land access to poor and productive producers, they are not effective in transferring land from large to small producers, implying continuing concentration, driven largely by violence and displacement.
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Library ResourceRapports et recherchesDocuments de politique et mémoiresoctobre, 2004Colombie, Amérique latine et Caraïbes
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesjuin, 2004Europe orientale, Europe, Asie central
This study, perhaps the first of its kind in this region, is based on a study that explores the practice of casual sex among truck drivers, and commercial sex workers in the border areas of the Baltic region at a point of time, and, uses this evidence to extrapolate the potential impact on the spread of HIV/AIDS in these countries. While the threat of an HIV/AIDS epidemic cannot be taken lightly in any country of the Europe and Central Asia region, four countries - Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia - stand out as being particularly vulnerable.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesdécembre, 2004Guatemala, Amérique latine et Caraïbes
Poverty in Guatemala is high and deep. In 2000, over half of all Guatemalans lived in poverty. About 16 percent lived in extreme poverty. Available evidence suggests that poverty in Guatemala is higher than in other Central American countries. Although poverty has fallen over the past decade, its trend recently declined due to a series of economic shocks during 2001 and 2002. The drop of poverty incidence since 1990 is slightly slower than what would have been predicted given Guatemala's growth rates, suggesting that growth has not been particularly pro-poor.
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