Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 21.
  1. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2014
    Éthiopie

    We study the link between Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) and short-run nutrition outcomes among children age 5 years and younger. We use 2006 and 2010 survey data from Northern Ethiopia to estimate parameters of an exogenous switching regression. This allows us to measure the differential impacts of household characteristics on weight-for-height Z-score of children in member and non-member households in PSNP. We find that the magnitude and significance of household covariates differ in samples of children from PSNP and non-PSNP households.

  2. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2014
    Malawi

    This report documents agricultural household models developed for agricultural policy analyses related to the assessment of impacts of agricultural input subsidies and maize technology choices in Malawi. The models have been calibrated to a typology of households in Central and Southern Regions of Malawi based on household survey data collected for the period 2005-2010. Households are assumed to be drudgery averse and rational given their preferences and the resource constraints and imperfect markets they face.

  3. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2014
    Malawi

    The potential benefits of providing subsidized inputs to farm-households in developing countries may reach well beyond the targeted households. More specifically, increased food productionand demand for rural labor may benefit poor households through lower food prices and higherrural wages. However, two recent studies of a large input subsidy program in Malawi find thatthese effects are smaller than expected based on anecdotal evidence and previous studies usingsimulation models.

  4. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2014
    Éthiopie

    Lab-in-the-field Hawk-Dove game experiments were played by spouses in a rural sample of households in Southern Ethiopia where women/wives traditionally have a weak position. Randomized treatments included a 3x3 design with simultaneous, one-way signaling and sequential games as the first dimension and Pareto-efficient, Pareto-inferior and Pareto-superior (Dove;Dove) payout treatments as the second dimension, with a sequence of six game rounds per household.

  5. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2014
    Éthiopie

    We have investigated whether joint land certification in Southern Ethiopia has contributed to a strengthening of the perceived land rights of women and an increase in their intra-household involvement in land-related decisions. We use gender-disaggregated household panel data and generate indices for wives’ and husbands’ land rights attitudes and for wives’ involvement in land-related decisions. After controlling for endogeneity of land certification, using a control function approach, we find that receipt of land certificate has strengthened wives’ awareness of their land rights.

  6. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2014
    Éthiopie

    This study investigates attitudes towards legalizing land sales and Willingness to Accept (WTA) sales prices and compensation prices for land among smallholder households in four different areas in the Oromia and SNNP Regions in the southern highlands of Ethiopia. Household panel data from 2007 and 2012 are used. The large majority of the sample prefers land sales to remain illegal, and the resistance to legalizing land sales increased from 2007 to 2012. In the same period, perceived median real land values increased sharply but also exhibit substantial local variation.

  7. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2014
    République-Unie de Tanzanie

    We use recent panel data on Tanzanian farm households to investigate how previous exposure to weather shocks affects the impact of a current shock. Specifically, we investigate the impact of droughts on agricultural outcomes and investments in children’s health, measured by their short- and long-term nutritional status. As expected, we find that droughts negatively impact yields, with the impact increasing in the severity of the shock, and that severe droughts have a negative impact on short-term nutritional outcomes of children.

  8. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 41

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    novembre, 2014
    Brésil, Trinité-et-Tobago, États-Unis d'Amérique

    Between 1940 and 2000, nearly 10 million housing units were constructed throughout California. This increased interaction between human and natural communities creates a number of significant socio-ecological challenges. Here we present a novel spatially explicit model that allows better characterization of the extent and intensity of future housing settlements using three development scenarios between 2000 and 2050. We estimate that California's exurban land classes will replace nearly 12 million acres of wild and agricultural lands.

  9. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 39

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    juillet, 2014
    Italie

    Over the past centuries, land systems in Italy experienced fundamental shifts, owing to the availability of new energy forms, population surges, and technological progress. The 20th century was characterized by massive productivity increases, accompanied by gradual land abandonment and the return of forest land. We here analyze 120 years of land system change in Italy, applying the human appropriation of net primary production (HANPP) framework, a metric for socio-economic pressures on terrestrial ecosystems.

  10. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 39

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    juillet, 2014
    Nouvelle-Zélande

    Sustainable land management is essential to meeting the global challenge of securing soil and water resources that can support an ever increasing population. In Auckland, New Zealand's largest city, population growth is forecast to increase from 1.5 to 2.5 million by 2040 which will put immense pressure on the region's soil resources.

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