Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 23.
  1. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 88

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    novembre, 2019
    Brésil, Canada, France, États-Unis d'Amérique

    The viability of the climate pledges made by Brazil at the COP21 in Paris, 2015, heavily depends on the success of the country policies related to forest governance. Particularly, there are high expectations that the enforcement of the Brazilian Forest Code (BFC) will drive large-scale forest recovery and carbon mitigation. In this study, we quantified the potential role that ongoing forest regeneration may play in offsetting deficits from private properties with less vegetation cover than determined by the BFC, considering different law implementation settings.

  2. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 83

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    avril, 2019
    Brésil, Canada, France, Indonésie, États-Unis d'Amérique

    This paper explores the potential of climate finance to support developing country efforts to shift away from unsustainable land use patterns in the context of the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. We pursue two research objectives here. Through a meta-analysis of 40 developing country Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), we provide, first, a comprehensive qualitative overview of developing country perspectives on climate financing needs for mitigation and adaptation activities in the land use, land-use change and forestry sectors (LULUCF).

  3. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 41

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    novembre, 2014
    Brésil, Trinité-et-Tobago, États-Unis d'Amérique

    Between 1940 and 2000, nearly 10 million housing units were constructed throughout California. This increased interaction between human and natural communities creates a number of significant socio-ecological challenges. Here we present a novel spatially explicit model that allows better characterization of the extent and intensity of future housing settlements using three development scenarios between 2000 and 2050. We estimate that California's exurban land classes will replace nearly 12 million acres of wild and agricultural lands.

  4. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 75

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    juin, 2018
    Brésil, Grèce, États-Unis d'Amérique

    Discussions about climate change have repeatedly regarded livestock as responsible for a significant contribution of greenhouse gas emissions. However, proper management schemes for livestock production may contribute to a reduction in emissions and, at the same time, induce optimization of production systems and intensification of food production.

  5. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 76

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    juillet, 2018
    Brésil

    After forest governance reforms by the Brazilian government, Amazon deforestation rates dropped by almost 80% between 2004 and 2012. Since then, however, deforestation has slowly increased again, casting doubts on the long-term sustainability of past conservation policy achievements. Clearly, deforestation rates and the associated local drivers of land-use and land-cover change differ considerably across the region, and adapting public policies to dynamic local contexts and actor constellations remains a major challenge for decision-makers.

  6. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 78

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    novembre, 2018
    Brésil, États-Unis d'Amérique

    Brazil’s Soy Moratorium solidified the world’s largest traders’ commitment to stop soybean purchases from production areas deforested after July 2006. The aim was to remove deforestation from the soybean supply-chain and halt one of the main drivers of forest loss in the Amazon biome. In this study, we investigated changes in deforestation at the property-level for the period 2004 to 2014.

  7. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 59

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    décembre, 2016
    Brésil, Trinité-et-Tobago, États-Unis d'Amérique

    We propose a causal analysis framework to increase understanding of land-use change (LUC) and the reliability of LUC models. This health-sciences-inspired framework can be applied to determine probable causes of LUC in the context of bioenergy. Calculations of net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for LUC associated with biofuel production are critical in determining whether a fuel qualifies as a biofuel or advanced biofuel category under regional (EU), national (US, UK), and state (California) regulations.

  8. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 91

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    février, 2020
    Brésil, États-Unis d'Amérique

    Brazil has become an agricultural powerhouse, producing roughly 30 % of the world’s soy and 15 % of its beef by 2013 – yet historically much of that growth has come at the expense of its native ecosystems. Since 1985, pastures and croplands have replaced nearly 65 Mha of forests and savannas in the legal Amazon. A growing body of work suggests that this paradigm of horizontal expansion of agriculture over ecosystems is outdated and brings negative social and environmental outcomes.

  9. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 99

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    décembre, 2020
    Brésil

    The Brazilian Amazon has 49.8 million hectares (Mha) of public forestlands not allocated by the federal or state governments to a specific tenure status: the so called undesignated public forests (UPF). Historically, these public forests have been vulnerable to land grabbers and land speculation. Here, we highlighted the imminent threat in UPF by quantifying their accumulated deforestation, all of which is illegal, for the period 1997–2018 and the potential illegal occupation.

  10. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    janvier, 2009
    Brésil

    This article is dedicated to the study the ways of appropriation of land in the south border of Brazil, in the first half of the century XIX. The historiography has, for tradition, associated the appropriation of large tracts of land, in Rio Grande do Sul, with royal donations. That would have been made, mainly, in the form of 'sesmarias' donations. However, a more detained study shows than the public concessions were just one among other forms of appropriation of the land used by families that accomplished a voracious accumulation of lands.

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