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Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 13.
  1. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2014

    We study the link between Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) and short-run nutrition outcomes among children age 5 years and younger. We use 2006 and 2010 survey data from Northern Ethiopia to estimate parameters of an exogenous switching regression. This allows us to measure the differential impacts of household characteristics on weight-for-height Z-score of children in member and non-member households in PSNP. We find that the magnitude and significance of household covariates differ in samples of children from PSNP and non-PSNP households.

  2. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2018

    The paper investigates the important role of fertilizer to enhance sustainable intensification and food security in Sub-Saharan Africa based on a multi-disciplinary literature review. The review starts with a macro-perspective taking population growth, economic development and climate change into account. This is complemented with a micro-perspective summarizing findings from comprehensive micro-data in selected African countries. Agronomic, environmental and economic profitability implications of fertilizer use are reviewed.

  3. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2017

    We use four waves of panel data from Northern Ethiopia to investigate the link between Food for Work (FFW) participation and the diversity of food consumption and production. Food-based transfer programs have become a standard tool for addressing the problem of chronic food insecurity in developing countries. Such programs have the potential to expand diet diversity if food items provided under FFW are not part of the beneficiaries’ staple diet. By raising effective incomes, cash payments also have the potential to “crowd in” purchases of nutritionally important foods.

  4. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2013

    The paper uses three years of household farm plot panel data (2006-2009), covering six districts in central and southern Malawi to assess factor productivity and farming system development under the input subsidy program. All farm plots of the households were measured with GPS. Maize production intensified in this period as maize area shares of the total farm size were reduced while input use intensity and yields increased. Yields of improved maize were significantly (+323 kg/ha) higher than for local maize.

  5. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2016

    Population growth leads to growing land scarcity and landlessness in poor agrarian economies. Many of these also face severe climate risks that may increase in the future. Tenure security is important for food security in such countries and at the same time threatened by social instability that further accelerate rural-urban and international migration. Provision of secure property rights with low-cost methods that create investment incentives can lead to land use intensification and improved food security.

  6. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2017

    This chapter is written for the European Commission for a book to be published by Springer on The Role of Smallholder Farms in Food and Nutrition Security. The author takes full responsibility for the content.

  7. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 67

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    septembre, 2017
    Norvège, États-Unis d'Amérique

    With international food price shocks in 2008 and 2011, food security became a political priority in many countries. In addition, some politicians have recently adopted a more nationalistic stance. Against that background, this paper critically investigates the prospects of increased food production within a national context. We use a small, high-income country, Norway, as an empirical case. In 2012, the government set a goal of increasing agricultural food production by 20% by 2030. We ask: 1) How has food production in Norway developed before and after the goal was set?

  8. Library Resource

    Land Use Policy Volume 50

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    janvier, 2016

    The article starts from the premise that agricultural bioenergy crop production has massive influence in changing the land use paradigm in Romania, due the fact that important land surface areas are cultivated with such crops because of the increasing demand of biofuels. The main aim of the paper is to answer a research question: are there any changes in arable land use patterns determined by the increasing of the agricultural bioenergy crop production and what is the pressure on food consumption? The results show that the competition agricultural vs.

  9. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    janvier, 2012

    El presente trabajo parte afirmando que el acceso al agua potable, por si mismo, es indispensable para vivir dignamente; pero además que es necesario garantizar un acceso sostenible a los recursos hídricos para asegurar el derecho a una alimentación adecuada, por cuanto esta depende, en gran medida, de la sustentabilidad de la producción pesquera y agrícola.

  10. Library Resource
    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    mars, 2013

    The article highlights the benefits of adopting the practice of long-term planning with the aim of helping decision makers and politicians to include scenario thinking in the process of determining food security in Israel, 2050. This study addresses the question of food security, a step that is in contrast with agricultural planning considerations of the past that have mainly focused on maximizing profits or relied on a closed mathematical model.

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