Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 18983.
  1. Library Resource
    FLACSO
    Articles et Livres
    janvier, 2022
    Amérique latine et Caraïbes, Amérique centrale, Amérique du Sud

    A COVID-19 é um acontecimento liminal. Repentinamente, reconfigurou a organização da vida quotidiana, colocou a ordem política à prova e levou à recessão econômica. Confinamento, máscaras, distanciamento social, todas essas medidas preventivas que visam conter o risco de contágio dissolveram formas tácitas da socialização, as quais respondem por boa parte da familiaridade do mundo social que habitamos.

  2. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    septembre, 2021
    Asie central

    The article reviews the latest available statistical information on gender inequalities in labor markets and in access to financial institutions, social services, and education.

  3. Library Resource

    Retour d’expériences du projet Terria au Sénégal

    Articles et Livres
    mars, 2022
    Sénégal

    Au Sénégal, où 80 % de la production est fournie par les petites exploitations agricoles, l’agriculture et l’élevage constituent les principaux secteurs d’activité économique du pays. Or, le Sénégal est très vulnérable au changement climatique, à la dégradation des sols et à l’insécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle, et bien que développant des stratégies d’adaptation en vue de renforcer leur résilience individuelle et sociale, les agriculteurs sont durement touchés par l’ensemble de ces facteurs.

  4. Library Resource

    Réflexion sur la réforme foncière à partir de l'exemple de la Guinée Maritime

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    juillet, 2011
    Guinée

    De nombreux travaux alimentent la réflexion sur le droit foncier des zones rurales en Afrique de l’Ouest. En Guinée, la réforme foncière est d’actualité depuis plusieurs années mais les différents événements politiques de ces dernières années ont continuellement repoussé le travail entamé. Il n’en reste pas moins que le sujet demeure un enjeu d’actualité et sera un des chantiers du nouveau gouvernement.

  5. Library Resource

    Contested histories and current struggles

    Articles et Livres
    mai, 2021
    Afrique du Sud, Amérique du Sud

    Land, Law and Chiefs in Rural South Africa analyses contestations of power and control over land through the lens of local case studies in the densely settled former African ‘homelands’ or Bantustans. These were areas reserved for African occupation by the apartheid government and when the ANC came to power in 1994, they were the poorest and least developed parts of the country. Over the last few decades, mineral deposits have been exploited and some are located close to the boundaries of rapidly expanding cities, such as Durban, where peri-urban land is at a premium.

  6. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    août, 2021
    Tadjikistan

    As the “new rangeland paradigm” took shape in the 1990s, climatic variability in pastoral ecosystems was often discussed as “uncertainty”, and the essential mobility of pastoral systems was argued to be possible only with flexible land access rights. These context-specific principles have increasingly been globalized in analyses of diverse pastoral systems.

  7. Library Resource

    Factors and actors driving the reform agenda

    Articles et Livres
    juillet, 2017
    Asie central, Kazakhstan, Kirghizistan, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan, Mongolie

    This paper examines the roles of the state, international organisations and the public in pastoral land reform in the Central Asian republics and Mongolia. In recent years new legislation has been passed in most of these countries, often driven by environmental concerns. In the development of these laws, international organisations tend to promote common property regimes, whilst governments usually emphasise individual security of tenure, each using environmental arguments taken from quite different bodies of theory.

  8. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    juillet, 2010
    Tadjikistan

    This paper looks at how recent economic and legal changes have affected pasture management and property rights in Tajikistan. Firstly, current trends in livestock numbers and mobility are compared with those of the Soviet period. Secondly, the impact of current land legislation is investigated using 2007 field data from two sites in the Gorno-Badakhshan region of the country. We describe the extent to which pasture at these sites is under private, community or state control and discuss the implications for sustainable management of this resource.

  9. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    septembre, 2007
    Tadjikistan

    This article uses data from household income surveys to look at income structures amongst households in three mountainous regions of Tajikistan: Gorno-Badakhshan, the Rasht Valley and Eastern Khatlon. The structure of incomes demonstrates the dominant role of subsistence agriculture in all three regions although commercial agriculture is important amongst better-off households in Rasht. Relationships between poverty and household characteristics including access to capital, demographic variables and income-generating activities were examined.

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