Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 68.
  1. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2003
    Kenya

    As the Government of Kenya treads the path to economic recovery, every Kenyan should be at home with the fact that many forms of economic development activities damage the natural resources upon which the economies are based. Nationally and internationally, a major environmental and development challenge is how to maintain the equilibrium between population, ecosystems and development.

  2. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2003

    Many cases of externalities in agricultural production such as pesticide drift, cross-pollination, and offensive odors are attributable to the incompatibility of neighboring land uses. This paper offers an examination of when an efficient activity arrangement is compatible with free-market incentives. Also, free-market and socially efficient activity arrangements are characterized in terms of spatial concentration of the externality generating uses.

  3. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2003
    Éthiopie, Afrique australe, Afrique orientale

    This shadow report, produced by NEWA and EWLA, offers a critique of the Ethiopian government's CEDAW report by looking at three broad areas: economic and socio-cultural status of women, equality in marriage and family relations and violence against women. The report acknowledges the considerable efforts made by the Ethiopian government to address its CEDAW obligations, but cites weak enforcement, poor policy guidelines and a lack of institutional commitment as ongoing problems.

  4. Library Resource
    Ressources et Outils d'entraînement
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2004
    Slovénie, Liechtenstein, Bangladesh, Slovaquie, El Salvador, Croatie, Chili, Zimbabwe, Allemagne, Suisse, Hongrie, Australie, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Pologne, Inde, Brésil, République tchèque, Europe orientale, Global, Amérique centrale, Afrique orientale, Amérique du Sud, Afrique australe, Asie orientale, Caraïbes, Asie méridionale, Asie central

    Citizenship is an abstract concept and therefore great care must be taken in explaining what it means in practice and what can effectively be done in the context of development interventions and policy. Development projects which enhance the ability of marginalised groups to access and influence decision-making bodies are implicitly if not explicitly working with concepts of citizenship. Citizenship is about concrete institutions, policy and structures and the ways in which people can shape them using ideas of rights and participation.

  5. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    octobre, 2003
    Viet Nam, Asie orientale, Asia du sud-est

    The renovation process in Vietnam in the past decade has enabled significant economic growth as well as and greater rights and more important economic roles of farming households. However, much of this reform has focussed on men as head of households, meaning men have benefited more from economic reform, both economically and in terms of their power within the household. Inequalities continue in access to and control of key resources such as land, water, credit and rest time, as well as in access to public services.

  6. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2004
    Ghana, Afrique occidentale

    This study attempts to analyse changing patterns of land transfer and ownership, as well as school investments by gender over three generations in customary land areas of Ghana's Western Region. Traditional inheritance rules deny land ownership rights to women. Yet the increase in the demand for women's labour due to the expansion of labour intensive cocoa cultivation has created incentives for husbands to give their wives and children land. Through this and other gift mechanisms, women have increasingly acquired land, thereby reducing the gender gap in land ownership.

  7. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2004
    Afrique sub-saharienne, Afrique du Sud

    This brief paper argues that through co-ownership, co-operatives offer a significant pathway for poor beneficiaries to secure land, wealth and financial resources - with benefits being augmented through sound institutions, human capital development and grant support.

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