Land is a critical asset and a vital source of livelihood for the majority of Ethiopians. Land, however, is becoming increasingly scarce for numerous reasons: rapid population growth, high population density in productive areas, degradation of agricultural lands, urbanization, and competing demands from different users, including investors. In a time of growing land scarcity, women’s subordinate socio-economic status heightens the importance of their access to, control of, and ability to benefit from land.
Résultats de la rechercheShowing items 1 through 9 of 219.
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresjanvier, 2013Afrique sub-saharienne, Afrique orientale
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresdécembre, 2013Viet Nam
textabstractOver the last two decades, an estimated 4 million people in Vietnam have been affected or had their lives disrupted by the loss of or the forced eviction from their land or though land conversion where the state decided that it was to be used for other purposes. Most of them are farming households, many of whom suffered negative consequences in terms of lower incomes, unemployment and a lower social status. Some may have managed to enhance their welfare, but on the whole there is little systematic evidence on the overall impacts they had to deal with.
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresjuin, 2013Viet Nam
textabstractAfter the Doi Moi (‘renovation’) reforms in Vietnam from 1986, land ownership rules were adjusted, effectively terminating former land collectivisation efforts. While land ownership remained fully under the control of the state, a 1993 land law conferred 20-year leaseholds to most farmers. They could now utilize farm land individually, and sell, swap and mortgage the land in a situation similar to private ownership. These leaseholds are now expiring and a new 2013 land law is in the making.
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresnovembre, 2013Asia du sud-est
This policy brief discusses ways for governments to support community forestry based on the understanding that it can provide numerous economic, environmental and social benefits. The brief also highlights the challenges facing community forestry throughout the region and outlines recommendations for governments to further support community forestry as a pathway to inclusive development, where communities participate in decision-making and get equitable benefits, based on the principles of participation, non-discrimination and accountability.
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresjanvier, 2014Pakistan
This document presents the country’s strategy and road-map to reach national goals and aspirations. The ultimate goal envisioned is for Pakistan to be one of the 10 largest economies in the world by 2047. The seven pillars of Vision 2025 are based on the imperatives of embracing change and transformation, and to create new opportunities.
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresjanvier, 2014Sierra Leone
Since 2004, the World Bank has provided continuous “investment climate advisory services” to Sierra Leone. Business reforms and Bank-piloted programs such as Sierra Leone Business Forum and the Sierra Leone Investment and Export Promotion Agency led to the World Bank classifying Sierra Leone among “the top 15 economies that improved their business regulatory environment the most” since 2005 and rank the country third in the regional “Protection of Investors” category.
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresmars, 2013Afrique septentrionale, Tunisie
This brief is intended to inform government decision makers, agencies and specialist groups involved in rural development and revenue generation activities for communities and women
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresmars, 2013Tunisie, Afrique septentrionale
This summary describes the work of the LADA (Land Degradation and Assessment in Dry Areas) project that identifies and describes geographical areas suffering from land degradation in the governorates of Tunisia. Through a comparative study of these areas, it identifies the failures and successes in national efforts to combat land degradation and, therefore, build local community capacity to resist climate change. It is intended for policymakers, donors and other partners and supporters.
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresmai, 2013Global
“Landscape approaches” seek to provide tools and concepts for allocating and managing land to achieve social, economic, and environmental objectives in areas where agriculture, mining, and other productive land uses compete with environmental and biodiversity goals. Here we synthesize the current consensus on landscape approaches. This is based on published literature and a consensus-building process to define good practice and is validated by a survey of practitioners.
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresdécembre, 2013
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