Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 308.
  1. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    novembre, 2021
    Afrique, Europe

    Collaborative international research on tenure dates back at least to the early 1960s when the Land Tenure Centre was established at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and conducted some studies in collaboration with CGIAR social scientists. CGIAR interest in tenure increased in the early 1990s when natural resource management was strengthened as a component of the CGIAR agenda and the Centers on forests, agroforestry, and water (CIFOR, ICRAF, and IWMI) entered the system.

  2. Library Resource
    Improving tenure security for pastoralists in East Africa
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    octobre, 2020
    Éthiopie, République-Unie de Tanzanie

    PIM support to work from ILRI and partners contributed to adoption of a woreda (district) participatory land use planning approach in Ethiopia and to expansion of the joint village land use planning approach in Tanzania, resulting in more secure tenure rights for pastoralists in rangeland areas.

  3. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2015
    Éthiopie

    Financial cooperatives and microfinance institutions (MFIs) are the two major sources of rural finance in Ethiopia. Whereas MFIs are relatively new, financial cooperatives have existed for centuries in various forms. The coexistence of two different institutions serving the same group of people, and delivering the same financial services, raises several policy questions. Those questions have become particularly relevant, as the government has embarked on developing a new strategy for improving rural financial services delivery.

  4. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2004
    Ghana, Afrique occidentale

    This study attempts to analyse changing patterns of land transfer and ownership, as well as school investments by gender over three generations in customary land areas of Ghana's Western Region. Traditional inheritance rules deny land ownership rights to women. Yet the increase in the demand for women's labour due to the expansion of labour intensive cocoa cultivation has created incentives for husbands to give their wives and children land. Through this and other gift mechanisms, women have increasingly acquired land, thereby reducing the gender gap in land ownership.

  5. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2017
    Asia du sud-est, Asie, Myanmar

    The purpose of this report is to provide information and analysis to government, civil society, and donors interested in improving the well-being of the rural population of Mon State, Myanmar. Specifically, the report analyzes the different sources of income for rural households, as well as their socioeconomic characteristics, with a view to helping identify constraints on growth and potential pathways to improving incomes.

  6. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2017
    Asia du sud-est, Asie, Myanmar

    This report offers specific policy and investment options articulated around two broad areas: (1) stimulating growth in agriculture and sustainable management of fisheries and (2) providing public infrastructure and services that strengthen the enabling environment.

  7. Library Resource

    implications for food, agriculture, and the environment to 2020.

    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 1996

    By the year 2020 land degradation may pose a serious threat to food production and rural livelihoods, particularly in poor and densely populated areas of the developing world. Appropriate policies are required to encourage land-improving investments and better land management if developing countries are to sustainably meet the food needs of their populations.

  8. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 1996

    The fishing industry's aggressive and expanding search for fish from the sea reached a turning point in 1990. After many years of increasing production, the global marine and inland catch from natural stocks declined from the 1989 peak of about 89 million tons to 85 million tons in 1993. Aquaculture production did not increase enough to meet the shortfall, and total production also fell in 1990 and 199. Present indications are that production from natural stocks will be below the current level in the year 2020; at best, it will maintain its present level.

  9. Library Resource

    a comparative study of agrarian communities in Africa and Asia

    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2001
    Asia du sud-est, Asie, Afrique, Viet Nam

    The devastating environmental effects of deforestation and the exploitation of other natural resources in the developing world have been well documented, yet their impact on local communities has received far less attention. This report looks at how land degradation and deforestation are being addressed at the local level, where households have experienced the reduction of farm size and the decline of natural resources. Through a comparison of Asia and Africa, the evolution of land tenure institutions within diverse cultural, natural, and policy environments is examined.

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