Sustainable management of soil carbon (C) at the state level requires valuation of soil C regulating ecosystem services (ES) and disservices (ED).
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Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsmars, 2021Australie, Canada, Royaume-Uni, Guyana, États-Unis d'Amérique
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsmars, 2021Canada, Chili, Espagne, Royaume-Uni, Grèce, Mexique, Panama, Philippines, États-Unis d'Amérique, Afrique du Sud, Afrique australe
Nature-based solutions (NbS) include all the landscape’s ecological components that have a function in the natural or urban ecosystem. Memorial Parking Trees (MPTs) are a new variant of a nature-based solution composed of a bioswale and a street tree allocated in the road, occupying a space that is sub-utilised by parked cars. This infill green practice can maximise the use of street trees in secondary streets and have multiple benefits in our communities. Using GIS mapping and methodology can support implementation in vulnerable neighbourhoods.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsmars, 2021Îles Cocos (Keeling), Chine, Royaume-Uni, États-Unis d'Amérique, Saint-Siège
This research was conducted on an area of inland sands characterised by various degrees of overgrowth by vegetation and soil stabilisation. This landscape’s origin is not natural but is connected to human industrial activities dating from early medieval times, which created a powerful centre for mining and metallurgy. This study aims to identify the changes in the above- and belowground phytomass in the initial stages of succession and their influence on the chemical properties and morphology of the soil.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsmars, 2021Royaume-Uni, États-Unis d'Amérique
Woodland expansion on a significant scale is widely seen to be critical if governments are to achieve their net zero greenhouse gas ambitions. The United Kingdom government is committed to expanding tree cover from 13% to at least 17% in order to achieve net zero by 2050. With much lowland area under agricultural production, woodland expansion may be directed to upland areas, many of which are national parks under some degree of conservation jurisdiction.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsmars, 2021Argentine, Australie, Canada, Chili, Royaume-Uni, Mexique, Malte, Malaisie, Panama, Roumanie, Seychelles, Trinité-et-Tobago, États-Unis d'Amérique
Property boundaries have a significant importance in cadaster as they define the legal extent of the ownership rights. Among 3D data models, Industry Foundation Class (IFC) provides the potential capabilities for modelling property boundaries in a 3D environment. In some jurisdictions, such as Victoria, Australia, some property boundaries are assigned to the faces of building elements which are modelled as solids in IFC. In order to retrieve these property boundaries, boundary identification analysis should be performed, and faces of building elements should be extracted.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsfévrier, 2021Australie, Suisse, République tchèque, Allemagne, Royaume-Uni, Croatie, Hongrie, Liechtenstein, Pologne, Slovaquie, Slovénie
Intensive agriculture is among the main drivers of diversity decline worldwide. In Central Europe, pressures related with agriculture include habitat loss due to the consolidation of farming units, pesticide and fertilizer use, and shortened crop rotations. In recent decades, this development has resulted in a severe decline of agrestal plant communities. Organic farming has been suggested as a biodiversity friendly way of farming, as it strongly restricts the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers and relies on longer crop rotations.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsfévrier, 2021Royaume-Uni, États-Unis d'Amérique
The debate over the conceptual constructs of landscape aesthetics, specifically whether landscape quality is inherently related to landscape physical characteristics or is subjectively “in the eye of the beholder,” has continued for years. Solutions accommodating both the biophysical and perceptual aspects of landscapes are thus desirable for landscape planners and policymakers. In response to policy shifts that emphasise both expert and public landscape perspectives, this study investigates the relationships between formal and informal landscape evaluations.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsfévrier, 2021Canada, Colombie, République tchèque, Espagne, France, Royaume-Uni, Italie, États-Unis d'Amérique, Afrique du Sud, Afrique australe, Europe
Today, the design and remodeling of urban environments is being sought in order to achieve green, healthy, and sustainable cities. The effect of air pollution in cities due to vehicle combustion gases is an important part of the problem. Due to the indirect effect caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, political powers in Europe have imposed confinement measures for citizens by imposing movement restrictions in large cities. This indirect measure has given us a laboratory to show how the reduction in vehicle circulation affects in a short time the levels of air pollution in cities.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsjanvier, 2021Royaume-Uni, États-Unis d'Amérique
Beach litter accumulation patterns are influenced by biotic and abiotic factors, as well as by the distribution of anthropogenic sources. Although the importance of comprehensive approaches to deal with anthropogenic litter pollution is acknowledged, integrated studies including geomorphologic, biotic, and anthropic factors in relation to beach debris accumulation are still needed. In this perspective, Species Distribution Models (SDMs) might represent an appropriate tool to predict litter accumulation probability in relation to environmental conditions.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsjanvier, 2021Royaume-Uni, Inde, Territoire britannique de l'océan Indien
This study explores the influence of land-use and land cover (LULC) changes on the temperature over North India (NI) and North-Eastern India (NEI) during 1981–2006 by subtracting the reanalysis temperature from the observed temperature (observation minus reanalysis (OMR) method). The normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data of the AVHRR satellite for the period 1981–2006 were analyzed to understand the type of LULC changes during this period and their linkage with the temperature change over the two regions.
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