Production, availability and accessibility of reliable data and statistics are of fundamental importance in monitoring and in taking evidence-based decisions for good land governance. The demand for data as evidence is increasingly focused to monitor global and national developmental status and targets. Implementation of intentionally agreed commitments like Sustainable development Goals (SDGs) influence data production and availability, and the development of national statistical capacities (OECD, 2015)1 .
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Library ResourceDocuments et rapports de conférencemars, 2017Inde
Library ResourceArticles et Livresavril, 2017Inde
External actor interventions in community forest management (CFM) attempt to support communities with developing forest institutions and/ or improving their livelihoods portfolio. Common pool resource (CPR) scholars argue that forest institutions are required to prevent overharvesting of the forest resource stock (appropriation dilemma), and to encourage investment in its maintenance (provision dilemma). The sustainable livelihoods approach (SLA) has been widely used to analyse the influence of interventions on rural livelihoods portfolios.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesfévrier, 2017Inde, Asie méridionale
The study examines the role of land ownership in shaping the well-being of older Indians by using data from the India Human Development Survey II (IHDS-II). In a society structured around extended households it focuses on the exchanges between parents and adult children in order to explore possible financial motives involved in elder care. Three aspects of well-being are considered: co-residence, medical expenditure and decision-making power within the household.
Library ResourceDocuments et rapports de conférenceoctobre, 2017Afghanistan, Émirats arabes unis, Égypte, Éthiopie, Inde, Iran, Iraq, Jordanie, Liban, Maroc, Oman, Pakistan, Soudan, République arabe syrienne, Tunisie, Turquie, Ouzbékistan, Yémen, Afrique orientale, Afrique septentrionale, Asie méridionale, Asie central, Asie occidentale
To help break the cycle of poverty, improve food and nutritional security, halt or reverse the alarming process of resource degradation in the dry areas, and help communities adapt to the impacts of climate variability and change, ICARDA’s Strategic Plan 2017-2026 outlines our research and organizational approach for action to achieve our vision of thriving and resilient communities in the dry areas of the developing world.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesoctobre, 2017Afghanistan, Chine, Algérie, Égypte, Éthiopie, Inde, Iran, Iraq, Jordanie, Kazakhstan, Kirghizistan, Liban, Libye, Maroc, Pakistan, Palestine, Soudan, République arabe syrienne, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan, Tunisie, Turquie, Ouzbékistan, Afrique orientale, Afrique septentrionale, Asie orientale, Asie méridionale, Asie central, Asie occidentale
This document presents the Strategic Plan of the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas for the period from 2017 to 2026. ICARDA’s mission is to enhance food, water, and nutritional security and environmental health in the face of global challenges, including climate change. Through preparedness for change and productivity gains in the rural economy, ICARDA will contribute to poverty reduction and social stability as our overarching goal. Innovative science, partnerships for impact, capacity development, and a fit-for-purpose organization are our tools.
Library ResourceMatériels institutionnels et promotionnelsoctobre, 2017Afghanistan, Émirats arabes unis, Égypte, Éthiopie, Inde, Iran, Iraq, Jordanie, Liban, Maroc, Oman, Pakistan, Soudan, République arabe syrienne, Tunisie, Turquie, Ouzbékistan, Yémen, Afrique orientale, Afrique septentrionale, Asie méridionale, Asie central, Asie occidentale
Non-tropical dry areas cover over 40% of the world’s land surface with a growing population of more than 2.5 billion people. These people grow 44% of the world’s food and keep half of the world’s livestock, yet one in six live in chronic poverty. Dry areas also face major challenges, including insufficient rainfall, climate variability and change, land degradation, desertification, recurring droughts, temperature extremes, high population growth, widespread poverty, and unemployment.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsdécembre, 2017Inde
Remote sensing-based assessments of large river basins such as the Krishna, which supplies water to many states in India, are useful for operationally monitoring agriculture, especially basins that are affected by abiotic stress. Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) time series products can be used to understand cropland changes at the basin level due to abiotic stresses, especially water scarcity.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsoctobre, 2017Inde
With challenges from global climate change, it is imperative to enhance food production using climate-smart technologies and maximize farm efficiency. Fifty-six households in Rudhiapada and Badamahulidiha, Odisha, India were selected to evaluate farmers’ efficiency using conservation agriculture (CA) cropping system practices. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) and regression analysis were used to estimate farmer efficiency and the determinants of yield.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresaoût, 2017Asie méridionale, Inde
The stated objective of land policy in India has shifted from redistribution through land reform to ownership through land acquisition in the period between 1950 and 2014. Sub-national governments that dealt with land policy had the option to exercise a mix of redistribution and acquisition based on historical factors, social demands and political convictions. This paper makes two related arguments by tracing the path of land reforms in the states of India. The first is that there are four types of property regimes that emerged out of India at the sub-national level.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresdécembre, 2017Inde
With India emerging as the world’s largest groundwater irrigator, marginal farmers and tenants in many parts have come to depend on informal water markets for irrigation. Power subsidies have grown these markets and made them pro-poor, but are also responsible for groundwater depletion, and for financial troubles of electricity distribution companies of India or DISCOMs. Gujarat has successfully reduced subsidies by rationing farm power supply, and West Bengal has done so by charging farmers commercial power tariff on metered consumption.
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