Farmers' ability to leave agriculture is an important and debated topic in China and other countries. Many scholars believe China's unique land tenure policies prevent farmers from leaving agriculture. This paper examines the hypothesis that China's land tenure system deters exit from agriculture using household level data from Northeast China. Farm Management, Labor and Human Capital, Land Economics/Use,
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Library ResourceRapports et recherchesseptembre, 2016Chine, Fédération de Russie, États-Unis d'Amérique
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesseptembre, 2016Japon, Norvège
In this paper we present an analysis of power law statistics on land markets. There have been no other studies that have analyzed power law statistics on land markets up to now. We analyzed a database of the assessed value of land, which is officially monitored and made available to the public by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport Government of Japan. This is the largest database of Japan's land prices, and consists of approximately 30,000 points for each year of a 6-year period (1995-2000).
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesdécembre, 2016Chine, Fédération de Russie, États-Unis d'Amérique
There is a trend to acquire high accuracy land-cover maps using multi-source classification methods, most of which are based on data fusion, especially pixel- or feature-level fusions. A probabilistic graphical model (PGM) approach is proposed in this research for 30 m resolution land-cover mapping with multi-temporal Landsat and MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data. Independent classifiers were applied to two single-date Landsat 8 scenes and the MODIS time-series data, respectively, for probability estimation. A PGM was created for each pixel in Landsat 8 data.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesjuillet, 2016Australie, Belgique, Canada, Chine, Fédération de Russie, États-Unis d'Amérique
This study assesses the determinants of forest land allocation to households in the forest tenure reforms in China in the period 1980-2005 using data from three provinces in Southern China; Fujian, Jiang Xi and Yunnan. Furthermore, it assesses the current level of tenure security on forest land and how this tenure security is affected by past and more recent policy changes.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesseptembre, 2016Japon
Fragmented small farms in Japan and other high wge rice-based economies in monsoon Asia have become an obstacle to sustainable rural development. This problem has not yet been resolved under private land ownership. This article recommends that based on a mixed economy of private owvership of farmland and public ownership of infrastructure land, dispersed parcels of farms could be consolidated through exchange of private ownership and location into compact land units, which could then be enlarged by individual lease or cooperative/enterprise production. LAND TENURE ; OWNERSHIP ; JAPAN
Library ResourceArticles et Livresdécembre, 2016Argentine, Burkina Faso, République centrafricaine, Chine, Cameroun, Algérie, Érythrée, Éthiopie, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigéria, Soudan, Sénégal, Soudan du Sud, Tchad, Asie central
It took scientists more than three decades to transform a perceived desertification crisis in the Sahel into a non-event. Looking beyond the Sahel, the chapters in this book provide case studies from around the world that examine the use and relevance of the desertification concept.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsoctobre, 2016Tadjikistan, Chine
China’s influence in neighboring Central Asian states is growing at a fast pace. Since the launch of the One Belt, One Road (OBOR) initiative to accelerate China’s engagement in Central Asia and beyond, nearly all Chinese activity in this region has been gathered under OBOR. OBOR now seems to cover a plethora of spatially and temporally expanding state and privately driven projects. In this paper, I discuss large- and small-scale Chinese farm enterprises in Tajikistan, in which discussions around China’s “global land investments” and OBOR intersect.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsnovembre, 2016Allemagne, Japon, Norvège
The construction of consistent time series of land use presents a key challenge when accounting for elective land use-based activities under the Kyoto Protocol (wetland drainage and rewetting (WDR), cropland management (CM) and grazing land management (GM)), in which current land use-driven greenhouse gas emissions are compared to a reference situation in 1990. This case study is the first to demonstrate the feasibility of using high-resolution land-use proxies from different datasets for Kyoto accounting in a data-rich case study region in Germany.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesdécembre, 2016Mongolie
This Strategic Plan to be implemented during a period from 2017 to 2021 is all about a contribution of WWF Mongolia towards successful and thriving co-existence of human beings and environment in Mongolia, particularly in two areas, namely Altai Sayan and Amur Heilong Ecoregions those have been named as important hubs and potentials for conservation.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsjanvier, 2017Chine
China has a unique land use system in which there are two types of land ownership, namely, state-owned urban land and farmer collective-owned rural land. Despite strict restrictions on the use rights of farmer collective-owned land, rural land is, in fact, developed along two pathways: it is formally acquired by the state and transferred into state ownership, or it is informally developed while remaining in collective ownership.
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