This paper examines the roles of the state, international organisations and the public in pastoral land reform in the Central Asian republics and Mongolia. In recent years new legislation has been passed in most of these countries, often driven by environmental concerns. In the development of these laws, international organisations tend to promote common property regimes, whilst governments usually emphasise individual security of tenure, each using environmental arguments taken from quite different bodies of theory.
Résultats de la rechercheShowing items 1 through 9 of 54.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresjuillet, 2017Asie central, Kazakhstan, Kirghizistan, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan, Mongolie
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesfévrier, 2017Chine, Fédération de Russie, États-Unis d'Amérique
Paper removed January 20, 2017 at the request of the author. Community/Rural/Urban Development, Land Economics/Use,
Library ResourceArticles et Livresdécembre, 2017Chine
Pressing issues such as water and food security, health, peace, and poverty are deeply linked to land degradation. The authors use China’s major land restoration programs as a case offering perspective on the existing problems in China’s major policies for improving degraded land and maintaining land resources in three dimensions.
Library ResourceMatériels institutionnels et promotionnelsjanvier, 2017Mongolie, Amérique du Sud, Afrique occidentale
L’élevage pastoral et agropastoral (ou pastoralisme) est un système de production basé sur un élevage extensif valorisant majoritairement les parcours naturels. Utilisé par des communautés qui vivent dans des contextes souvent marginaux, il est associé à un mode de vie fondé sur un lien particulier entre l’homme, l’animal et la nature.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsseptembre, 2017Chine, Fédération de Russie, États-Unis d'Amérique
Using a qualitative social research method at the local administrative level, this paper provides insight into the policy process in China and farmers’ perceptions of the effectiveness of policies implemented to deal with drought. Two villages in rural South-West Yunnan were purposefully selected for the study. The research started with the general assumption that China has a strong top-down hierarchal approach to policy processes and that funding dispersal is prioritised by the central government.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsavril, 2017Chine
This paper addresses the current research void on local community views of changes in ecosystem services associated with rapid land use transformation in the context of plantation-based forestry. This interview-based study, conducted in southern China, aims at assessing the perspectives of local communities of: 1) the effects of Eucalyptus industrial plantations on selected ecosystem services and on local development; and 2) opportunities for future community livelihood development, based on the relations with the government and with forest industry operating locally.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsjanvier, 2017Chine
China has a unique land use system in which there are two types of land ownership, namely, state-owned urban land and farmer collective-owned rural land. Despite strict restrictions on the use rights of farmer collective-owned land, rural land is, in fact, developed along two pathways: it is formally acquired by the state and transferred into state ownership, or it is informally developed while remaining in collective ownership.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresavril, 2017Chine, Asie orientale
Context: Recent conceptual developments in ecosystem services research have revealed the need to elucidate the complex and unintended relationships between humans and the environment if we are to better understand and manage ecosystem services in practice.
Objectives: This study aimed to develop a model that spatially represents a complex human–environment (H–E) system consisting of heterogeneous social–ecological components and feedback mechanisms at multiple scales, in order to assess multi-dimensional (spatial, temporal, and social) trade-offs in ecosystem services.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesoctobre, 2017Afghanistan, Chine, Algérie, Égypte, Éthiopie, Inde, Iran, Iraq, Jordanie, Kazakhstan, Kirghizistan, Liban, Libye, Maroc, Pakistan, Palestine, Soudan, République arabe syrienne, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan, Tunisie, Turquie, Ouzbékistan, Afrique orientale, Afrique septentrionale, Asie orientale, Asie méridionale, Asie central, Asie occidentale
This document presents the Strategic Plan of the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas for the period from 2017 to 2026. ICARDA’s mission is to enhance food, water, and nutritional security and environmental health in the face of global challenges, including climate change. Through preparedness for change and productivity gains in the rural economy, ICARDA will contribute to poverty reduction and social stability as our overarching goal. Innovative science, partnerships for impact, capacity development, and a fit-for-purpose organization are our tools.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsdécembre, 2017Japon, Mongolie
Asian dust events are massive meteorological phenomena during which dust particles from Chinese and Mongolian deserts are blown into the atmosphere and carried by westerly winds across Northeast Asia. Recently, there has been steady increase in both the frequency and the severity of Asian atmospheric dust events. Concern has been expressed regarding the potential health hazards in affected areas. The principal nature of the damage associated with Asian dust events differs between the emission (sandstorm) and downwind (air pollution) regions.
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