FAO’s Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in May 2012. These Voluntary Guidelines have been described as a catalyst leading to improvements in the conditions under which land is held or occupied in the agriculture sectors. The Guidelines address problems of weak governance of tenure and the growing pressure on natural resources, thereby assisting countries to achieve food security for all.
Résultats de la rechercheShowing items 1 through 9 of 38.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesjanvier, 2019Afrique, Mongolie
Library ResourceArticles et Livresmai, 2019Amérique latine et Caraïbes, Amérique du Sud, Brésil, Asie, ChineO presente livro é resultado dos debates do I Seminário sobre Estrangeirização de Terras e Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional, fi nanciado pelo Programa de Apoio a Eventos no País (PAEP) da CAPES e organizado pelo Instituto de Estudos da Ásia da UFPE com o apoio do Grupo de Pesquisa sobre Fome e Relações Internacionais (FOMERI/UFPB) e o Programa de PósGraduação em Direito da UFPE.
Library ResourceDocuments et rapports de conférencemars, 2019Mongolie
This paper shares findings from new research on gender and land in a pastoralist community in central- western Mongolia, with a complex structure of investment and operations in gold mining. The paper examines what has been learned from the research about people's coping strategies in the face of social and environmental change, specifically in the context of the development of mining since the transition from socialism and in a relatively isolated area.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresdécembre, 2019Chine, République populaire démocratique de Corée, Japon, Mongolie, République de Corée, Fédération de Russie
Deforestation, land degradation, and unsustainable land management threaten our lives and are responsible, both directly and indirectly, for many economic, social and environmental issues. In particular, countries in Northeast Asia face the growing threats of desertification, land degradation and drought (DLDD). In China, it is estimated that “more than 40 per cent of Chinese arable land is degraded” (China Daily 2014). “The annual cost of land degradation in Mongolia is estimated at 2.1 billion United States dollars (USD)” (UNCCD, 2018).
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsmars, 2019Mongolie
Evidence-based policy guidance necessary for addressing mixed outcomes of community-based rangeland management (CBRM) is limited, dominated by case studies, and lacking coverage of diverse ecological settings. In remedy, we studied 65 traditional neighborhoods and 77 formally-organized CBRM groups across four ecological zones and investigated how and when CBRM obtains greater social outcomes than non-CBRM neighborhoods.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsavril, 2019États-Unis d'Amérique, Chine, Fédération de Russie, Norvège
Land degradation occurs in all kinds of landscapes over the world, but the drivers of land degradation vary from region to region. Identifying these drivers at the appropriate spatial scale is an essential prerequisite for developing and implementing appropriate area-specific policies. In this study, we investigate nine different driving factors in three categories: human disturbance, water condition, and urbanisation.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsfévrier, 2019Chine
In summary, China presents a particularly intriguing case for the study of land system dynamics with its spatial patterns of cropland and crops, crop structure and diversity, land transfer and consolidation, and land use intensity changes against the backdrop of its rapid socio-economic transformation, globalization, and environmental challenges. Moreover, after 40 years since the commencement of China’s Economic Reform and the de-collectivization of agriculture, it is a good time to review and reflect how China’s agricultural land systems have been transformed.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesdécembre, 2019Chine
2019 marks the 70th anniversary of People’s Republic of China, and 40th year anniversary of the United Nations and UNDP presence and partnership in China. The Special Edition report reflects on the remarkable changes that have taken place. It takes stock not only of the economic achievements often and widely reported, but, more importantly of the wider range of sustainable human development progress achieved by China.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsseptembre, 2019Chine
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze the structure and changes of China’s land system. To achieve this aim, the paper is divided into four parts.
Library ResourceMatériels institutionnels et promotionnelsoctobre, 2019Burkina Faso, Chine, Éthiopie, Indonésie, Viet Nam, Afrique occidentale, Afrique orientale, Asie orientale, Asia du sud-est
Modelling socio-ecological systems, in which social and ecological systems interact each other and co-evolve, are useful for supporting decisions in managing landscape ecosystems. Inter-linking socially interactive decision-making to relevant ecological processes faces a great challenge due to at least two reasons: (1) the inherent mismatches in the spatial and temporal scales the considered processes operate, (2) differences in relevant methods for modelling the processes and (3) different data availabilities for the processes.
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