Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 31.
  1. Library Resource

    Revista de la CEPAL

    Articles et Livres
    décembre, 2000
    Mexique

    Desde 1988 el sector ejidatario mexicano se ha visto afectado
    por una serie de cambios de política y perturbaciones exógenas
    que han puesto en tela de juicio la viabilidad agrícola del
    sector en su conjunto. Los cambios --liberalización del comercio,
    privatización, reducción de los subsidios, eliminación
    de los controles de precios, perturbaciones macroeconómicas,
    devaluación y grandes reformas del marco legal que rige el
    uso de la tierra en los ejidos-- han llevado a un reordenamiento

  2. Library Resource

    CEPAL Review

    Articles et Livres
    décembre, 2000
    Mexique

    Since 1988 the ejido sector in Mexico has been buffeted by a series of policy changes and exogenous shocks that have brought into question the agricultural viability of the sector as a whole. These changes -trade liberalization, privatization, falling subsidies, the abolition of price controls, macroeconomic shocks, devaluation and momentous changes in the legal framework governing land use in the ejido- have led to a radical reordering of the policy framework and incentive structure under which the farmers of these communal lands operate.

  3. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2000
    Arménie, Azerbaïdjan, Géorgie, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kirghizistan, République arabe syrienne, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan, Ouzbékistan, Asie méridionale, Asie central, Asie occidentale

    This issue of Caravan chronicles ICARDA’s efforts in developing a research strategy and a need-based research program for the CAC region. In doing so, ICARDA played a major role in bringing together all partners, most importantly donors. The article on page 8 traces the history of this effort and provides an overview of the current status of collaboration.

  4. Library Resource
    Réglementations
    janvier, 2000
    Ouganda

    These guidelines contain principles of and rules for the management of hilly and mountainous areas. They define functions and duties of District Environment Committees and other local authorities in respect of management of hilly and mountainous areas duties of land owners in respect to use of grazing of livestock, cultivation, agroforestry and water run-off. Each District Council shall make bye-laws identifying mountainous and hilly areas within their jurisdiction which are at risk from environmental degradation.

  5. Library Resource
    Législation
    mars, 2000
    Afghanistan

    This Law provides for the protection and use of pastures for cattle grazing.The Law identifies two kinds of pasture: specific pasture which exists within the boundaries of villages or towns; and communal pasture which is arid land and does not fall within the bounds of villages and towns. The right to use specific pasture may not be bought or sold, and it shall be forbidden to sell or lease it for expansion of agricultural activities.

  6. Library Resource
    janvier, 2000

    This article discusses what is the best means of managing the commons. The article stresses that these are critical questions in the current wave of decentralisation and tenure reform taking place in many Sahelian states.

  7. Library Resource
    janvier, 2001
    Italie, Europe

    This article discusses the transhumant pastoralists of the Abruzzo highlands of central Italy. The article indicates that this system of production depended, and still depends, on the availability of communal grazing areas where access is open to all local residents and management is joint. The article discusses the relationship between herders, common property regimes and the State.The article concludes that:as a pastoral system increases in complexity, from being a self contained CPR to an outward-looking one, with moveable assets and flocks, transaction costs increase.

  8. Library Resource
    janvier, 2000
    Inde, Asie méridionale

    Local governance has become increasingly significant as devolution from central and provincial levels is being attempted in India as a result of the enactment of the 73rd and 74th Amendment of the Constitution in 1993. The essence of local self governance is to enable a small community to maintain access and control over their natural and physical resources, to take collective decisions in the common public good and to provide resources in priority developmental actions. Another dimension of local self governance is to demand accountability from people in public positions.

  9. Library Resource
    janvier, 2000

    This paper initially highlights the general characteristics of rangelands and pastoral production systems of the Tibetan Plateau.The article finds that:given the realities of life in a heterogeneous and marginal environment, the issue of secure resource tenure, both customary and legal, is fundamental for effective rangeland managementa simple shift in tenure from the communal (traditional and subsistence) to individual household level (ranching and commercial) will not be enough to facilitate a change in behaviour toward "rational" livestock operationsmany institutional mechanisms must be

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