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Showing items 1 through 9 of 362.
  1. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2015
    Éthiopie, Norvège

    Land is an essential factor of production for agriculture, horticulture, forestry as well as other land related activities. Institutions that govern its use determine the sustainability and efficient use of this essential resource. In Ethiopia all land is publicly owned. Such an institutional setting has resulted in major degradation of Ethiopia’s land resources and dissipation of the resource rent, as available forest and grazing lands are exploited in a suboptimal fashion.

  2. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    décembre, 2014
    Éthiopie, Inde, Kenya, Mongolie

    Large-scale land acquisitions have increased in scale and pace due to changes in commodity markets, agricultural investment strategies, land prices, and a range of other policy and market forces. The areas most affected are the global “commons” – lands that local people traditionally use collectively — including much of the world’s forests, wetlands, and rangelands. In some cases land acquisition occurs with environmental objectives in sight – including the setting aside of land as protected areas for biodiversity conservation.

  3. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    décembre, 2016
    Éthiopie

    The Government of Ethiopia and more specifically, the Rural Land Administration and Use Directorate, (RLAUD) has identified land use planning as an important tool for the sustainable development of the country. Land use planning is vital for optimising the use of the land and for reconciling conflicts between different land uses. Land use planning should be carried out at different levels – from national to regional to local including community: these different levels should support and integrate with each other.

  4. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    décembre, 2020
    Algérie, Soudan, Érythrée, Éthiopie, Soudan du Sud, Cameroun, République centrafricaine, Tchad, Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigéria, Sénégal

    Drylands occupy more than 40% of the world’s land area and are home to some two billion people. This includes a disproportionate number of the world’s poorest people, who live in degraded and severely degraded landscapes. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification states on its website that 12 million hectares are lost annually to desertification and drought, and that more than 1.5 billion people are directly dependent on land that is being degraded, leading to US$42 billion in lost earnings each year.

  5. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    décembre, 2016
    Argentine, Burkina Faso, République centrafricaine, Chine, Cameroun, Algérie, Érythrée, Éthiopie, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigéria, Soudan, Sénégal, Soudan du Sud, Tchad, Asie central

    It took scientists more than three decades to transform a perceived desertification crisis in the Sahel into a non-event. Looking beyond the Sahel, the chapters in this book provide case studies from around the world that examine the use and relevance of the desertification concept.

  6. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    décembre, 2003
    Burkina Faso, République centrafricaine, Cameroun, Algérie, Érythrée, Éthiopie, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigéria, Soudan, Sénégal, Soudan du Sud, Tchad

    Library has French version: TIC au secours des éleveurs du Sahel

  7. Library Resource
    Improving tenure security for pastoralists in East Africa
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    octobre, 2020
    Éthiopie, République-Unie de Tanzanie

    PIM support to work from ILRI and partners contributed to adoption of a woreda (district) participatory land use planning approach in Ethiopia and to expansion of the joint village land use planning approach in Tanzania, resulting in more secure tenure rights for pastoralists in rangeland areas.

  8. Library Resource

    Volume 9 Issue 5

    Publication évaluée par des pairs
    mai, 2020
    Algérie, Soudan, Érythrée, Éthiopie, Soudan du Sud, Cameroun, République centrafricaine, Tchad, Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigéria, Sénégal

    Desertification is defined as land degradation occurring in the global drylands. It is one of the global problems targeted under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 15). The aim of this article is to review the history of desertification and to evaluate the scientific evidence for desertification spread and severity. First quantitative estimates of the global extent and severity of desertification were dramatic and resulted in the establishment of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in 1994. UNCCD’s task is to mitigate the negative impacts of desertification in drylands.

  9. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    janvier, 2018
    Éthiopie

    This paper analyzes frontier dynamics of land dispossessions in Ethiopia’s pastoral lowland regions. Through a case study of two sedentarization schemes in South Omo Valley, we illustrate how politics of coercive sedentarization are legitimated in the ‘civilizing’ impetus of ‘improvement schemes’ for ‘backward’ pastoralists. We study sedentarization schemes that are implemented to evict pastoralist communities from grazing land to be appropriated by corporate investors.

  10. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    juin, 2003
    Arménie, Azerbaïdjan, Érythrée, Éthiopie, Géorgie, Kazakhstan, Kirghizistan, Pakistan, Soudan, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan, Ouzbékistan, Afrique orientale, Afrique septentrionale, Asie méridionale, Asie central, Asie occidentale

    The year 2002 marked ICARDA's 25th anniversary, and coincided with several honors and awards for the center's excellence in research. Research on developing high-yielding kabuli chickpea varieties that thrive in cool, wet winter conditions earned the 2002 King Baudouin Award of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), jointly with the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), which focuses on desi chickpea.

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