Land is an essential factor of production for agriculture, horticulture, forestry as well as other land related activities. Institutions that govern its use determine the sustainability and efficient use of this essential resource. In Ethiopia all land is publicly owned. Such an institutional setting has resulted in major degradation of Ethiopia’s land resources and dissipation of the resource rent, as available forest and grazing lands are exploited in a suboptimal fashion.
Résultats de la rechercheShowing items 1 through 9 of 362.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesdécembre, 2015Éthiopie, Norvège
Library ResourceArticles et Livresdécembre, 2014Éthiopie, Inde, Kenya, Mongolie
Large-scale land acquisitions have increased in scale and pace due to changes in commodity markets, agricultural investment strategies, land prices, and a range of other policy and market forces. The areas most affected are the global “commons” – lands that local people traditionally use collectively — including much of the world’s forests, wetlands, and rangelands. In some cases land acquisition occurs with environmental objectives in sight – including the setting aside of land as protected areas for biodiversity conservation.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresdécembre, 2016Éthiopie
The Government of Ethiopia and more specifically, the Rural Land Administration and Use Directorate, (RLAUD) has identified land use planning as an important tool for the sustainable development of the country. Land use planning is vital for optimising the use of the land and for reconciling conflicts between different land uses. Land use planning should be carried out at different levels – from national to regional to local including community: these different levels should support and integrate with each other.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresdécembre, 2020Algérie, Soudan, Érythrée, Éthiopie, Soudan du Sud, Cameroun, République centrafricaine, Tchad, Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigéria, Sénégal
Drylands occupy more than 40% of the world’s land area and are home to some two billion people. This includes a disproportionate number of the world’s poorest people, who live in degraded and severely degraded landscapes. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification states on its website that 12 million hectares are lost annually to desertification and drought, and that more than 1.5 billion people are directly dependent on land that is being degraded, leading to US$42 billion in lost earnings each year.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresdécembre, 2016Argentine, Burkina Faso, République centrafricaine, Chine, Cameroun, Algérie, Érythrée, Éthiopie, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigéria, Soudan, Sénégal, Soudan du Sud, Tchad, Asie central
It took scientists more than three decades to transform a perceived desertification crisis in the Sahel into a non-event. Looking beyond the Sahel, the chapters in this book provide case studies from around the world that examine the use and relevance of the desertification concept.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresdécembre, 2003Burkina Faso, République centrafricaine, Cameroun, Algérie, Érythrée, Éthiopie, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigéria, Soudan, Sénégal, Soudan du Sud, Tchad
Library has French version: TIC au secours des éleveurs du Sahel
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresoctobre, 2020Éthiopie, République-Unie de Tanzanie
PIM support to work from ILRI and partners contributed to adoption of a woreda (district) participatory land use planning approach in Ethiopia and to expansion of the joint village land use planning approach in Tanzania, resulting in more secure tenure rights for pastoralists in rangeland areas.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsmai, 2020Algérie, Soudan, Érythrée, Éthiopie, Soudan du Sud, Cameroun, République centrafricaine, Tchad, Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigéria, Sénégal
Desertification is defined as land degradation occurring in the global drylands. It is one of the global problems targeted under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 15). The aim of this article is to review the history of desertification and to evaluate the scientific evidence for desertification spread and severity. First quantitative estimates of the global extent and severity of desertification were dramatic and resulted in the establishment of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in 1994. UNCCD’s task is to mitigate the negative impacts of desertification in drylands.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresjanvier, 2018Éthiopie
This paper analyzes frontier dynamics of land dispossessions in Ethiopia’s pastoral lowland regions. Through a case study of two sedentarization schemes in South Omo Valley, we illustrate how politics of coercive sedentarization are legitimated in the ‘civilizing’ impetus of ‘improvement schemes’ for ‘backward’ pastoralists. We study sedentarization schemes that are implemented to evict pastoralist communities from grazing land to be appropriated by corporate investors.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesjuin, 2003Arménie, Azerbaïdjan, Érythrée, Éthiopie, Géorgie, Kazakhstan, Kirghizistan, Pakistan, Soudan, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan, Ouzbékistan, Afrique orientale, Afrique septentrionale, Asie méridionale, Asie central, Asie occidentale
The year 2002 marked ICARDA's 25th anniversary, and coincided with several honors and awards for the center's excellence in research. Research on developing high-yielding kabuli chickpea varieties that thrive in cool, wet winter conditions earned the 2002 King Baudouin Award of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), jointly with the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), which focuses on desi chickpea.
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