Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 144.
  1. Library Resource

    Historias, políticas agrarias y protagonistas

    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2016
    Colombie

    Este informe documenta y analiza los cambios en la estructura de la propiedad agraria en Colombia durante la segunda mitad del siglo XX y la primera década del siglo XXI. Se examina primero la legislación agraria y el reparto de tierras baldías en la primera mitad del siglo XX, para ver en perspectiva histórica la configuración de la estructura de la propiedad rural y establecer el peso que en esta han tenido las políticas de tierras del Estado colombiano.

  2. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    février, 2022
    Géorgie

    The governing Georgian Dream party (GD) continues to control all branches of the state. Although the UNM-led opposition put pressure on the GD government, it won a third term in allegedly fraudulent parliamentary elections on October 31, 2020. The opposition refused to take up their seats in the new parliament, which led to a political deadlock. The crisis peaked when Prime Minister Giorgi Gakharia resigned in February 2021 over his personal refusal to arrest UNM opposition leader Nikanor Melia.

  3. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    novembre, 2021
    Kazakhstan

    Kazakhstan’s leaders have long harbored ambitious visions for their country’s future. The country’s first President, Nursultan Nazarbayev, launched several far-reaching goals for the country’s development, most notably in 2012 the “Kazakhstan 2050” strategy, which aimed for Kazakhstan to take a place among the world’s 30 most developed states by mid-century.

  4. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2022
    Kazakhstan

    In 2019, the long-awaited transition of presidential power from Nursultan Nazarbayev to his anointed successor Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev took place. However, Nazarbayev continues to wield power. Among his many positions is the chair-for-life of the National Security Council, a constitutional body that has effective veto power over key policy decisions.

  5. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    septembre, 2021
    Kazakhstan

    By creating a land commission, the Kazakh authorities managed to bring down the protest rallies in 2016, when, under pressure from citizens, the government was forced to abandon the sale and lease of land to foreigners. The goal of the national patriots was achieved, but the key issue for the citizens remained unresolved – the mechanism and procedures for the return of land to the people of Kazakhstan, sold by the authorities as a result of massive corruption deals and now belonging to oligarchs – “land barons”, has not been created by law.

  6. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    octobre, 2021
    Amérique septentrionale, Asie central, Asie occidentale, Europe

    This publication is based on the “Study on Fraud in Land Administration Systems” presented at the Twelfth Session of the Working Party on Land Administration in 2021. It is an update to the 2011 “Study on the Challenges of Fraud to Land Administration Institutions" (ECE/HBP/165). It analyses the current state of play and best practices in addressing fraud in land administration systems in the ECE region.

  7. Library Resource
    WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LAND GRABBING AND CORRUPTION IN BRAZIL?
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2021
    Brésil

    Fraud and corruption are the main enabling mechanisms for land abuses in Brazil, guaranteeing impunity for land grabbers and other public and private agents involved in these schemes. This is what is evidenced in the research report, “Weak land governance, fraud and corruption: fertile ground for land grabbing,” which systematizes for the first time the relationship between these issues. Thereby, the study seeks to understand precisely why and how corruption and fraud associated with land grabbing occur.  

  8. Library Resource
    GOVERNANÇA FUNDIÁRIA FRÁGIL, FRAUDE E CORRUPÇÃO
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2021
    Brésil

    O termo “grilagem” remete à prática antiga de forjar um título de propriedade e colocá-lo em uma gaveta com grilos para amarelar o documento, conferindo a aparência de um documento legitimo. As táticas se modernizaram, persistindo diversas práticas, conhecidas como grilagem, que buscam fraudar títulos e invadir terras com o objetivo de apropriar- -se indevidamente de áreas tanto públicas quanto particulares, muitas vezes com o auxílio de agentes corruptos, sejam eles da esfera pública ou privada.

  9. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    avril, 2017
    Kenya

    The Land Corruption Risk Mapping Instrument is designed to raise awareness and understand how to detect corruption in land governance issues. The instrument is developed in a way that it can be applied in any Sub-Saharan African country. It is published as a handbook that gives explanations, guidance and examples.

  10. Library Resource

    Les liens complexes entre l’exploitation aurifère artisanale et la violence

    Rapports et recherches
    septembre, 2021
    Burkina Faso

    L’hypothèse selon laquelle l’escalade de la violence au Burkina Faso est causée par l’augmentation concomitante de l’exploitation aurifère a, dans certains cas, conduit les autorités à fermer des mines. Nous soutenons que l’escalade de la violence doit plutôt être considérée comme le résultat de tendances de longue date telles que le désengagement de l’État, la dépendance économique croissante à l’or et la privatisation progressive de la sécurité.

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