Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 70.
  1. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    avril, 2018
    République centrafricaine

    We propose a theory of urban land use with endogenous property rights that applies to cities in developing countries. Households compete for where to live in the city and choose the property rights they purchase from a land administration which collects fees in inequitable ways. The model generates predictions regarding the levels and spatial patterns of residential informality in the city. Simulations show that land policies that reduce the size of the informal sector may adversely impact households in the formal sector through induced land price increases.

  2. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    juillet, 2018
    Territoire britannique de l'océan Indien

    The term “ocean grabbing” has been used to describe actions, policies or initiatives that deprive small-scale fishers of resources, dispossess vulnerable populations of coastal lands, and/or undermine historical access to areas of the sea. Rights and access to marine resources and spaces are frequently reallocated through government or private sector initiatives to achieve conservation, management or development objectives with a variety of outcomes for different sectors of society.

  3. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    septembre, 2016

    The first order effect of a productivity increment in the output sector of a monocentric city which increase wages in the city is exactly capitalized in the increment in land rent in the city. We observe this result in the "open city" model in which a worker's utility level in city i is determined outside of city i.

  4. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    juin, 2013

    The attractiveness of agricultural land available in developing countries has markedly increased in the last few years. Driven by rising and highly volatile prices for agricul- tural commodities, large land acquisitions have been undertaken by foreign investors. We formalize the discussion surrounding such large scale land deals through a dynamic stochastic programming model. Within this framework, we first determine the value of a land development project under uncertainty about prices for agricultural commodi- ties, political risk and irreversible capital investment.

  5. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    novembre, 2016

    We study the effect of large-scale land acquisitions on the risk of ethnic tensions for a sample of 133 countries for the 2000-2012 period. Running a series of fractional response models, we find that more land grabbing activity is associated with a higher risk of ethnic tensions, indicating that the negative effects of land deals outweigh their potential benefits. In addition to that, we also show that democratic institutions may moderate the relationship between land deals and ethnic tensions.

  6. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2013
    Autriche, Belgique, Bulgarie, Chypre, République tchèque, Allemagne, Danemark, Espagne, Estonie, Finlande, France, Grèce, Croatie, Hongrie, Irlande, Italie, Lituanie, Luxembourg, Lettonie, Malte, Pays-Bas, Pologne, Portugal, Roumanie, Slovaquie, Slovénie, Suède, Afrique

    The article examines the European share in large-scale land acquisitions in Sub-Saharan Africa. The paper aims to identify correlation between biofuels policy and large-scale land acquisitions in Sub-Saharan Africa and the consequences of this phenomenon. It first identifies the backgrounds that caused the increased interest in biofuel production and, consequently, African land acquisition in recent years. Then, it examines growth in the number of land transactions that take place on the continent. Finally, the paper investigates the share of European capital in land transactions.

  7. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    novembre, 2016
    République centrafricaine

    Large-scale agricultural land acquisitions might entail substantial welfare implications for the affected rural population. Whether the impacts are indeed as devastating as the popular notion of land grabs would suggest depends on a number of factors, including the size of compensation payments, productivity spillovers on smallholders, employment opportunities for displaced farmers, and changes in food prices.

  8. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    mars, 2016
    États-Unis d'Amérique

    This study integrates situs theory as defined by Andrews (1971) into comparative investment analysis, approaching a single use development from the perspective of modern investment theory and a potential mixed use development on the same site as a portfolio of uses generating portfolio risk and return trade-offs. The theoretical integration of situs theory, rent theory and portfolio/investment economics is tested against a statistically significant number of development proposal case studies, conducted during distinct economic phases (over time).

  9. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2018

    This paper uses data collected in Thailand among permanent rural-urban migrants to analyse the motivations in land temporary transfers such as free loans or rentals. Land transfers are here looked at in a continuum and categorized according to three characteristics: the nature of the relationship between the parties of the exchange, the monetary nature of the payment as well as its explicit or imlicit nature. This methodology allows a richer typology than traditionnally used in empiric literature, and distinguishes between various loans that are not always free.

  10. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    novembre, 2016

    "Land grabbing" or, less emotionally charged, large-scale land acquisitions (LSLA), which occur mainly in the Global South, have become the center of a heated political and academic debate. So far, economists have mostly abstained from this debate. This may possibly be explained by the fact that they view these kind of deals in land property primarily as an opportunity for improved local economic development in poor countries. Arguably, foreign investors are then assumed to be able to utilize arable, but mostly idle land more efficiently than locals (cf., e.g., Deininger/Byerlee, 2011).

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