A nation formed just 10 years ago, Timor-Leste struggles to overcome complex challenges of land ownership and use rights that were created under Portuguese and Indonesian rule. Competing land claims between individuals, and between individuals and the state, are quite common and occasionally result in armed conflict and deaths. Complicating the problem is the absence of a property rights legal framework in which to address land matters.
Résultats de la rechercheShowing items 1 through 9 of 94.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresjanvier, 2013Timor-Leste
Library Resourceoctobre, 2013
USAID’s Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR) Division has released a new suite of tools and methodologies created under the recently completed Property Rights and Resource Governance (PRRG) Project. These tools were designed to enhance the understanding of LTPR challenges and improve programming to advance the global development objectives of the United States, including food security, global climate change, conflict mitigation and women’s economic empowerment.
Library Resourceseptembre, 2013Indonésie, Jamaïque
No-take fishing zones in the Caribbean’s near-shore and reef areas may be an important strategy for sustaining marine ecosystems and conserving fish populations, according to preliminary research. Meanwhile, the increasing use of no-take reserves calls for recognition of the vital role that local communities play in natural resources management and their rights to benefit from that management. Shared management of ecosystems and resources requires equitable and appropriate distribution of both responsibilities and benefits among all stakeholders.
Library Resourcejuin, 2013Guinée, Népal, Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée
A recent paper from the Global Canopy Programme, "Land tenure and fast-tracking REDD+: time to reframe the debate?" rightly points out that legally defensible and enforceable land rights are an essential condition for effective, equitable implementation of REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation plus augmentation of carbon stocks). The authors assert that clear land tenure and usage rights determine who should be compensated for reducing deforestation or held accountable for continuing it.
Library Resourceavril, 2013Colombie
On April 30, USAID Administrator Rajiv Shah will attend a land restitution event in Colombia, where he will witness the transfer of land titles to individuals who have been displaced by the country’s internal conflict. Inequitable land distribution - an estimated 0.4% of the population owns 62% of the country’s best land - was a fundamental driver of the long-running conflict, which has caused an estimated 4 million Colombians to become internally displaced.
Library Resourceavril, 2013Kenya
On April 10, representatives from U.S. NGO Landesa presented an impact evaluation on USAID’s Kenya Justice Project during the World Bank’s Annual Conference on Land and Poverty. Kenya’s 2010 constitution provided greater legal recognition of women’s rights to own and inherit land; the Justice project – which is implemented by Landesa – has piloted a model for improving community awareness and acceptance of those formal rights in order to make them a reality for rural women.
Library Resourcefévrier, 2013Kenya
USAID’s Kenya Justice project – which is implemented by Landesa and works with local communities to raise legal awareness and improve women’s ability to exercise their rights – continues to gain media attention. Last week, two NGOs featured blogs on the Justice project: Landesa Helps Bring About Women’s Rights in Rural Kenya by the ONE campaign and Women’s Property Rights Success in Rural Kenya by the Borgen Project.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2013Kenya
Girls Not Brides, a global partnership of more than 200 Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) committed to ending child marriage, recently featured an article on how women's land rights can help reduce child marriage. The article describes how USAID’s Kenya Justice project has helped improve girls’ access to education by working with customary justice systems to strengthen women’s land rights in target communities.
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresdécembre, 2013États-Unis d'Amérique
By Peter Giampaoli, Climate Change Specialist, Land Tenure and Property Rights Division, USAID. Clear, secure rights to manage and use forests are an important aspect of sustaining traditions and economic opportunities. Although this web site often discusses property rights in the context of developing countries, insecure title and undocumented land rights can undermine smallholder ownership in the United States as well.
Library Resourcedécembre, 2013Costa Rica, Philippines, Pologne, Espagne
A guest post by Robert Oberndorf, Resource Law Specialist, Tenure and Global Climate Change Project
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