Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 48.
  1. Library Resource
    janvier, 2000
    Afrique du Sud, Lesotho, Ouganda, Zimbabwe, Namibie, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Malawi, Éthiopie, Afrique sub-saharienne

    This paper examines the current wave of land tenure reform in eastern and southern Africa. It discusses how far tenure reform reflects a shift in powers over property from centre to periphery. A central question is whether tenure reform is designed to deliver to rural smallholders greater security of tenure and greater control over the regulation and transfer of these rights.Policy conclusions include:

  2. Library Resource
    janvier, 2001
    Afrique du Sud, Afrique sub-saharienne

    Redistributive land reform in southern Africa is reviewed against the background of the recent land crisis in the region. The dilemmas created for governments and donors are described, as are attempts to grapple with them. Answers are sought to four questions: What has been the experience with land redistribution in the region over the last decade or so? What has been the impact on people's livelihoods? How are redistribution programmes expected to develop in future?

  3. Library Resource
    janvier, 2001
    Afrique sub-saharienne

    Forty per cent of sub-Saharan Africa's population live on less than a dollar a day and more than seventy per cent are currently without adequate shelter, so what has property got to do with it? This paper attempts to highlight the need for Africa to develop the necessary institutions to support the property and construction sectors, to facilitate infrastructure delivery and promote sustainable growth and development.The authors highlight the fact that Africa, whilst being well endowed with natural resources their capital markets remain underdeveloped.

  4. Library Resource
    janvier, 2000
    Éthiopie, Afrique sub-saharienne

    This paper develops a theoretical model of land leasing that includes transaction costs, risk pooling motives and non-tradable productive inputs. It investigates the empirical implications of land contracts using data collected from four villages in Ethiopia.The paper shows that sharecropping is the dominant contract if transaction costs are negligible, but that a rental contract may arise if transaction costs decrease with increasing the tenant’s share of output.

  5. Library Resource
    janvier, 2000
    République-Unie de Tanzanie, Afrique sub-saharienne

    The Land Policy in Tanzania is an example of citizens engaging in a protracted struggle for effective participation in the policy process, despite the long exclusion they have experienced in policy making. This paper looks at the evolution of the policy, and the interactions between civil society and the state in its development.The paper concludes that this was the first serious and systematic civic organizations' challenge to the state command model of policy process.

  6. Library Resource
    janvier, 2001
    Sénégal, Niger, Nigéria, Kenya, Afrique sub-saharienne

    Population growth and urbanisation are driving a livestock revolution. Mixed farming systems are the present and the foreseeable future of West African livestock systems, with concurrent changes in livestock feeding systems and the role of grazing, fodder and penning. The livestock economy has to be seen as part of a national economy in which urban and rural facets interact. Effective policies need to be based on recognition of the capacity of rural people to invest in improving their livelihoods.

  7. Library Resource
    janvier, 2000
    Kenya, Afrique sub-saharienne

    This article discusses issues surrounding land reform in Kenya. As the nature of land reforms is as yet undecided, disparate suggestions and proposals are being considered. These include:Land Ownership Ceilings. There are vast inequalities in land ownership. Indeed, non-indigenous Kenyans or corporations that are not significantly Kenyan own the largest consolidated quantities of Kenyan lands. Ceilings on land ownership, would encourage more equitable distribution of land, perhaps facilitating more effective production and a reduction in food security problems.

  8. Library Resource
    janvier, 2001
    Afrique sub-saharienne

    The paper offers proposals for integrating understanding of and response to the pandemic into land reform-related development activities.

  9. Library Resource
    janvier, 2001
    Namibie, Afrique sub-saharienne

    Redistributive land reform in Namibia is widely regarded as a precondition for sustainable rural development and poverty alleviation. This paper briefly discusses the development of thinking on land reform and the development of land reform models prior to Independence.

  10. Library Resource
    janvier, 2000
    Cameroun, Afrique sub-saharienne

    Reports on and on-farm evaluation of hedgerow intercropping by the IRA/ ICRAF Programme in the lowlands of Cameroon, which has been in progress since 1988. Throughout the years the biophysical performance of the system was found to be inferior under farmer management on farm to that achieved on station. At the same time, farmers' interest in the technology was far below the expectations.

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