Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 45.
  1. Library Resource
    janvier, 1997
    Europe

    The issues associated with economic instruments are complex and the main paper contains a detailed, technical discussion. This summary highlights some of the main points from that discussion. It is structured around the following issues:the water pollution problem the advantages of economic instruments pollution from industrial plants and sewage treatment works pollution from agricultural and other land practical considerationsconclusion and questions for consideration.

  2. Library Resource
    janvier, 1997
    Malawi, Europe, Afrique sub-saharienne

    Malawi’ s smallholder agriculture is facing a crisis, particularly in the more populated south. There is an insidious combination of land shortage, continuous cultivation of maize, declining soil fertility, low yields, deforestation, poverty and high population growth rate. Smallholder farmers are doing what they can to maintain household livelihoods under these difficult circumstances, however many of their actions, which are necessary for short term survival, such as the cultivation of hillsides, are not sustainable in the long term.

  3. Library Resource
    janvier, 2005
    Ukraine, Kirghizistan, Fédération de Russie, Moldova, Bélarus, Afrique du Sud, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan, Ouzbékistan, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Kazakhstan, Arménie, Brésil, Afrique sub-saharienne, Amérique latine et Caraïbes

    This brief explores the reform of land tenure institutions which re-emerged in the 1990s, and asks if these reforms are any more gender sensitive than those of the past?The paper highlights that a focus of the recent reforms has been on land titling, designed to promote security of tenure and stimulate land markets. The reforms have often been driven by domestic and external neoliberal coalitions, with funding from global and regional organisations which have argued that private property rights are essential for a dynamic agricultural sector.

  4. Library Resource
    janvier, 1998
    Europe

    Aim of this series to provide a reference point for DFID decision-making about various aspects of service delivery and resource management. The series will also analyse different aspects of the policy process and options for donor intervention.
    Issues covered are:

  5. Library Resource
    janvier, 1999
    Inde, Europe, Asie méridionale

    Examines—from the perspective of transaction costs—factors that constrain access to land for the rural poor and other socially excluded groups in India. They find that: Land reform has reduced large landholdings since the 1950s. Medium-size farms have gained most. Formidable obstacles still prevent the poor from gaining access to land. The complexity of land revenue administration in Orissa is partly the legacy of distinctly different systems, which produced more or less complete and accurate land records.

  6. Library Resource
    janvier, 1999
    Inde, Europe, Asie méridionale

    Access to land is deeply important in rural India, where the incidence of poverty is highly correlated with lack of access to land. Mearns provides a framework for assessing alternative approaches to improving access to land by India's rural poor.

  7. Library Resource
    janvier, 1998
    République-Unie de Tanzanie, Finlande, Europe, Afrique sub-saharienne

    Sets out to examine the question of aid provision. As part of a general study on Finnish aid, the main focus is on two projects in Zanzibar: Zanzibar Forestry Project (ZFP) and Zanzibar Integrated Lands and Environment Management (ZILEM) project. This study centres on initial research carried out in Dar es Salaam (documentary) and Unguja (documentary, observational and in-depth interviews). [author]

  8. Library Resource
    janvier, 2002
    Europe

    This DFID consultation paper examines the importance of land, land rights and land reform in developing countries, and considers how land policies can contribute to poverty reduction and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.

  9. Library Resource
    janvier, 2002
    Zambie, Europe, Afrique sub-saharienne

    This study contends that Zambia cannot develop if it neglects policy for the efficient utilization of its natural resources. One such area has been the absence of land policy for effective management of rural land.While failure in this area has been attributed to a number of factors, notably absence of credit and funding, this paper contends that the base factor is the absence of efficient land management for rural land.This paper attempts to show that rural land in Zambia remains undeveloped for a number of reasons:The absence of an institutional framework to guide land administration.

  10. Library Resource
    janvier, 1999
    Europe

    Communities of present-day or former hunter-gatherers live in scattered communities across the world, although their precise numbers and status are very uncertain. Their often marginalised status and ethnolinguistic diversity has made it hard to articulate their case for land rights outside Australia and North America. Their preferred subsistence strategy, hunting, is often in direct conflict with conservation philosophies and protected areas often fall within their traditional hunting areas.

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