Hundreds of millions of people in Asia are dependent on shifting cultivation, yet the practice has tended to be seen in a negative light and discouraged by policy makers. This document challenges prevailing assumptions, arguing that shifting cultivation – if properly practised – is actually a ‘good practice’ system for productively using hill and mountain land, while ensuring conservation of forest, soil, and water resources. Focusing on Eastern Himalayan farmers, it looks at whether there is a need for new, more effective and more socially acceptable policy options that help to improve shi
Résultats de la rechercheShowing items 1 through 9 of 130.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2006Népal, Bangladesh, Inde, Bhoutan, Chine, Myanmar, Asie méridionale, Asie orientale, Océanie
Library Resourcejanvier, 2009Indonésie, Pérou, Asie orientale, Asie méridionale, Océanie
This policy brief examines the manner in which Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot projects have been undertaken in Indonesia and Peru. The research data summarized within the brief was gathered using a method known as Fair and Efficient REDD Value Chain Allocation (FERVA). The FERVA analysis is used to capture the perceptions and expectations of REDD stakeholders at the preliminary stages of REDD initiatives; it also informs stakeholders of the different functions of the REDD value chain.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2002Inde, Chine, Asie orientale, Asie méridionale, Océanie
This report argues that land reform, both tenancy reform and redistribution of ceiling surplus lands to the landless, is important to poverty alleviation.The paper argues that in addition to production benefits, land reform helps to change the local political structure by giving more voice to the poor. Re-distributive land reform, whether through market-assisted land reform programmes or otherwise, should remain a substantive policy issue for poverty reduction.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2000Cambodge, Océanie, Asie orientale
Library Resourcejanvier, 2013Timor-Leste, Indonésie, Cambodge, Philippines, Malaisie, Thaïlande, Myanmar, Océanie, Asie orientale
The series of studies discussed in this overview pull together updated information about large-scale land acquisitions in the region, with the aim of identifying trends, common threats, divergences and possible solutions. As well as summarising trends in investment, trade, crop development and land tenure arrangements, the studies focus on the land tenure and human rights challenges.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2015Fidji, Trinité-et-Tobago, République dominicaine, Guyana, Philippines, Madagascar, Sri Lanka
This paper is part of a set of working papers that resulted from the Resilience Academy 2013-2014. The United Nations University Institute of Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) publishes these papers as part of its UNU-EHS Working Paper series.
It presents several multi-scale case studies from islands around the world to offer a historically informed review of the cultural, environmental, political and economic systems and influences on island resilience.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2003Asie orientale, Océanie, Asie méridionale, Amérique latine et Caraïbes
This paper examines case studies from Asia and Latin America to show the possibilities for states to tap into community-level energies and resources for development if they seek to interact more synergistically with local communities.Using case studies from Asia and Latin America, the report shows how: State efforts to bring about land reform, tenancy reform, and expanding non-crop sources of income can broaden the distribution of power in rural communities, laying the basis for more effective community-driven collective action; and Higher levels of government can form alliances with commun
Library Resourcejanvier, 2000Indonésie, Thaïlande, Philippines, Asie orientale, Océanie
Looks at location, natural resources, and different policies toward the elite's preemption of unused land shaped the historical development of different agrarian structures across Southeast Asia, conditioning agricultural growth performance until today.Aims to give a broad perspective on the process by which different agrarian structures developed in Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand, along different historical paths under different ecological conditions.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2004Indonésie, Asie orientale, Océanie
Indonesia’s forests have been disappearing rapidly since the 1980s: 1.8 million hectares per year are estimated to have been deforested between 1985 and 1997. Consequently, there is a possibility that in some areas, the forests will cease to function as a viable resource base in the near future.This paper examines the role of economic incentives in causing deforestation, focussing on policies that distort prices and create the conditions for unsustainable harvesting.
Library Resourcejanvier, 1999Cambodge, Océanie, Asie orientale
An historical record of concessionaire activity in Cambodian forests since 1995, and a critique of the ADB-funded concession review carried out in late 1999.Available in Word and Text verisons and in Khmer at: http://www.fatbeehive.com/globalwitness/text/campaigns/forests/cambodia/...
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