The core thesis is that Western neoclassical economics and law (particularly Anglo-American) have a peculiar cultural history that biases Western-trained economists and lawyers against common property systems like those found among Africans and American Indians. This Western cultural bias is expressed through the recurrent focus on individuals as atomistic and independent of each other in contract and property law, as well as in economic theory.
Résultats de la rechercheShowing items 1 through 9 of 58.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesjanvier, 1998Afrique sub-saharienne, Guinée, Amérique septentrionale, États-Unis d'Amérique
Library Resourcejanvier, 2001Sénégal, Niger, Nigéria, Kenya, Afrique sub-saharienne
Population growth and urbanisation are driving a livestock revolution. Mixed farming systems are the present and the foreseeable future of West African livestock systems, with concurrent changes in livestock feeding systems and the role of grazing, fodder and penning. The livestock economy has to be seen as part of a national economy in which urban and rural facets interact. Effective policies need to be based on recognition of the capacity of rural people to invest in improving their livelihoods.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2002Burkina Faso, Sénégal, Soudan, Niger, Éthiopie, Afrique sub-saharienne
As decentralisation and tenure reform sweeps through the Sahel, doubts remain whether communities can look after commonly owned land. Is privatisation or state control the best means of preventing the degradation of resources? Can local communities forge institutional mechanisms to regulate competing claims on common resources?
Library Resourcejanvier, 2013Sierra Leone
This paper is a desk-based study of land rights and conflict in Sierra Leone. It reviews post-2002 academic and grey literature. It addresses land ownership and rights within Sierra Leone, as well as exploring the concept of land ownership as a source or driver of conflict. It also reviews literature on the current land tenure system, and government stated policies.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2005Kenya, Nigéria, Botswana, Zambie, Lesotho, Ouganda, Afrique sub-saharienne
Informal systems for land delivery, which have in many cases evolved from earlier customary practices, still account for over half the land supplied for housing in African cities and are a particularly important channel for the poor. This study examines how informal systems of housing land delivery operate in six African cities discussing how they are evolving and how they interact with formal land administration systems.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2005Ghana, Afrique sub-saharienne
This paper argues that Ghanaian litigants in land disputes favour authoritative state legal-institutions over out-of-court settlements. Current policy debates on how to protect the land rights of the majority of customary land holders revolve around the respective merits of customary and non-state regulation (said to be accessible, flexible and socially embedded) versus state systems, which are said to offer more certainty, impartiality and nondiscriminatory codes and procedures.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2003Burkina Faso, Afrique sub-saharienne
This paper explores and evaluates the impact of a new form of large-scale agriculture which is becoming an increasing phenomenon in southern Burkina Faso. With severe ecological deterioration and food deficits, small-scale agriculture is usually seen as the key to economic prosperity, social solidarity and sustainable management of local resources. However, a set of new stakeholders, comprising politicians, entrepreneurs and employees, is promoting large-scale agribusiness as a relevant and viable alternative for agricultural development in the country.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2003Indonésie, Philippines, Gambie, Ouganda, Éthiopie, Zimbabwe, Chine, Afrique sub-saharienne, Océanie, Asie orientale
This report presents a collection of case studies which focus on processes of conflict management and resolution and the different ways and means that conflicts are addressed.
Library Resourcejanvier, 1985Nigéria, Afrique sub-saharienne
This paper is based on a series of studies conducted by the author on the settlement problems, work roles and educational experiments among nomadic Fulani in Plateau, Bauchi and Kaduna States, Nigeria, from 1982 to 1984.The first part of this paper describes the land tenure system in northern Nigeria and the way in which it affects pastoral nomads and plans for their settlement. The second part discusses the Nigerian Government;s intention to educate nomads and gives the example of special schemes which have attempted to do this.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2001Bénin, Afrique sub-saharienne
Analyses the range of institutional arrangements being used for gaining access to land and natural resources in two regions of southern Benin.
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