Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 13.
  1. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    avril, 2003
    Burkina Faso, Tunisie, Sénégal, Afrique occidentale, Asie occidentale, Afrique septentrionale

    Women do 70 per cent of the agricultural work in Senegal, but according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), own only two percent of the land that may be cultivated. Although property laws in countries such as Senegal, Tunisia and Burkina Faso recognise women' s and men's equal rights, and Islam gives women the right to inherit half what men inherit, in practice men retain land ownership. Women are dependent on fathers or husbands for land.

  2. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2003
    Inde, Global, Asie central, Asie méridionale

    One of the greatest barriers to achieving full citizenship rights for women is culture. If development organisations are to help advance women's rights and full citizenship then they must abandon explanations on the basis of ?culture? that ignore gender-based discrimination, and overcome their anxieties about appearing neo-colonial. To do this, effective partnerships between northern-based development institutions and southern-based social movements are necessary since social movements can be a key means of transforming culture.

  3. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2003
    Éthiopie, Afrique australe, Afrique orientale

    This shadow report, produced by NEWA and EWLA, offers a critique of the Ethiopian government's CEDAW report by looking at three broad areas: economic and socio-cultural status of women, equality in marriage and family relations and violence against women. The report acknowledges the considerable efforts made by the Ethiopian government to address its CEDAW obligations, but cites weak enforcement, poor policy guidelines and a lack of institutional commitment as ongoing problems.

  4. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    février, 2003
    Indonésie, Philippines, Asie orientale, Asia du sud-est

    How does the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Agreement on Agriculture (AOA) affect the livelihoods of rural women in Asia? This paper, prepared on the occasion of the WTO-AOA review in 2003, analyzes the impact of the new trading rules imposed by the WTO on Asian peasants. It illustrates the inherent imbalances in the WTO-AOA's trade liberalisation policies which, among other things, flood local markets with highly subsidized agricultural imports from developed countries to the detriment of domestic agriculture.

  5. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2003
    Asie orientale

    This economic literacy pack, the third in this series, is a tool for educating local women's constituencies on trade rules and negotiations. It explores four main themes, firstly 'How the WTO Treats National Health Emergencies in the Rubric of Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)'. This section demonstrates how the agreement protects the patent interests of private pharmaceutical firms based in developed countries, while jeopardizing the public health of the poor in developing countries.

  6. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    avril, 2003
    Égypte, Asie occidentale, Afrique septentrionale

    Egypt's Personal Status Law (PSL) coalition, made up of activists, lawyers, government officials, NGO leaders, legislators, and scholars, has been lobbying for 15 years for changes to the personal status laws that govern marriage, divorce, child custody, and inheritance. These efforts resulted in the passage in January 2000, of ?The Law on Reorganization of Certain Terms and Procedures of Litigation in Personal Status Matters? (Law No.1, 2000).

  7. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    septembre, 2003
    Global

    The IGTN Advocacy Document for the 5th WTO Ministerial Meeting that was held in Cancun, Mexico in September 2003 focuses on these four issues and identifies critical advocacy positions for each of them. With regard to agriculture, the IGTN asserts that control over agriculture by states rather than the WTO would ensure that small-scale and subsistence farmers have control over farming and food supply; a particularly important concern for women around the world who are those responsible for ensuring household food security and managing family farms.

  8. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    avril, 2003
    Égypte, Asie occidentale, Afrique septentrionale

    How have Egyptian feminists promoted women's rights? This paper looks at the Egyptian Feminist Union (EFU) in the fight for women's right to vote in Egypt in the early twentieth century. The EFU had much in common with the international women's movement then mobilising around women's right to vote. The IWSA represented the basis for an 'international sisterhood', where the EFU's goals were in line with other feminist organisations that came together under the IWSA.

  9. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2004
    Kenya, Zambie, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibie, Afrique orientale, Afrique australe

    What are the links between HIV/AIDS and women's property rights in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)? This paper asks if women's lack of rights increases household poverty and their own vulnerability to infection, and if securing these rights can reduce the impacts of the epidemic on poverty. The paper notes that gender inequality in land ownership is common in SSA, due to male preference in inheritance, male bias in state programmes of land distribution, and gender inequality in the land market.

  10. Library Resource
    Ressources et Outils d'entraînement
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2004
    Slovénie, Liechtenstein, Bangladesh, Slovaquie, El Salvador, Croatie, Chili, Zimbabwe, Allemagne, Suisse, Hongrie, Australie, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Pologne, Inde, Brésil, République tchèque, Europe orientale, Global, Amérique centrale, Afrique orientale, Amérique du Sud, Afrique australe, Asie orientale, Caraïbes, Asie méridionale, Asie central

    Citizenship is an abstract concept and therefore great care must be taken in explaining what it means in practice and what can effectively be done in the context of development interventions and policy. Development projects which enhance the ability of marginalised groups to access and influence decision-making bodies are implicitly if not explicitly working with concepts of citizenship. Citizenship is about concrete institutions, policy and structures and the ways in which people can shape them using ideas of rights and participation.

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