The Integrated Drylands Development Programme (IDDP) is a global UNDP initiative to promote sustainable development in the drylands, and advance the implementation of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification. This topic brief highlights the important role that gender plays in this context of sustainable development, in particular the role of women in the Arab States and Africa. In these regions, inequality and stereotypical gender norms often prevent women from contributing to the sustainable development of drylands, despite possessing a wealth of traditional knowledge and skills.
Résultats de la rechercheShowing items 1 through 9 of 10.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2014République-Unie de Tanzanie, Kenya, Maroc, Bénin, Tunisie
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesavril, 2003Burkina Faso, Tunisie, Sénégal, Afrique occidentale, Asie occidentale, Afrique septentrionale
Women do 70 per cent of the agricultural work in Senegal, but according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), own only two percent of the land that may be cultivated. Although property laws in countries such as Senegal, Tunisia and Burkina Faso recognise women' s and men's equal rights, and Islam gives women the right to inherit half what men inherit, in practice men retain land ownership. Women are dependent on fathers or husbands for land.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesaoût, 2001Mozambique, Égypte, Nigéria, Afrique du Sud, Ouganda, Mali, Somalie, Zimbabwe, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Sierra Leone, Asie occidentale, Afrique occidentale, Global, Afrique orientale, Afrique septentrionale, Afrique australe
Trade liberalisation processes impact differently on men and women due to the fact that men and women have different roles in production. Despite the fact that women are actively involved in international trade, WTO agreements are gender blind and as such have adverse impacts on women. The General Agreement in Trade and Service (GATS), for instance, provides for a level playing field in service provision between big foreign owned companies and small locally owned companies.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesjanvier, 2006Niger, Afrique occidentale, Afrique centrale
This study aims to identify how women's capacity to become more involved in decision-making at the local level can be strengthened, particularly in terms of access to natural resources. It also aims to identify the structures through which women secure their systems of production. It focuses on the situation in Niger, where women are increasingly excluded from dominant systems of production: in agricultural areas, they are increasingly excluded from agricultural production and in pastoralist areas, they have lost their herds and had to resort to agriculture.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesjuin, 1996Mali, Afrique occidentale
An investigation of the potential gender implications of the shift from communal to more individualised forms of land tenure in the Bambara area of Mali.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2013Nigéria
In Africa, the pursuit of gender equality in inheritance rights remains one of the most difficult challenges due to its entrenched patriarchal characteristics. This is also the case in the rural communities of South-Eastern Nigeria. This article investigates gender discrimination in the region, among the Igbo ethnic group, with regard to land property rights; and makes policy recommendations to overcome the failures of past intervention efforts, many of which considered this problem as too culturally sensitive.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2013Nigéria, Afrique occidentale
Across Africa, land is integral to identity and existence. Access to, and ownership of land for women is often problematic – particularly when laws and culture collide. Land issues, including family property matters, are often determined within entrenched cultural norms, resulting in the application of a hybrid legal interpretation of both customary and national law that leaves many women at a disadvantage. Under the Commonwealth Plan of Action for Gender Equality 2005-2015, the Commonwealth Secretariat has spearheaded efforts to secure women’s rights to land in Africa.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesfévrier, 2005Ouganda, Afrique australe, Afrique occidentale, Afrique orientale
The Domestic Relations Bill is a crucial piece of legislation for Ugandan women. It addresses women's property rights in marriage and women's right to negotiate sex, it sets the minimum age of marriage at eighteen, prohibits female genital mutilation (FGM) and criminalises widow inheritance. Bride price is still not prohibited, but the payment of bride price will no longer be essential for formalising customary marriages. The bill criminalises marital rape and provides for civil remedies, such as compensation and restricting orders.
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresjanvier, 2004Ghana, Afrique occidentale
This study attempts to analyse changing patterns of land transfer and ownership, as well as school investments by gender over three generations in customary land areas of Ghana's Western Region. Traditional inheritance rules deny land ownership rights to women. Yet the increase in the demand for women's labour due to the expansion of labour intensive cocoa cultivation has created incentives for husbands to give their wives and children land. Through this and other gift mechanisms, women have increasingly acquired land, thereby reducing the gender gap in land ownership.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesjanvier, 1998Rwanda, Libéria, Tchad, Afrique occidentale, Amérique centrale, Afrique orientale, Afrique centrale, Afrique australe, Caraïbes
What is the legacy of armed conflict on the roles and experiences of women in Africa? This collection of reports, testimonies and analyses portrays the diverse experiences of women all over Africa who have lived through civil wars, apartheid, genocide and gendered political violence such as rape. Contributions include discussions of violence against women in Rwanda, Chad and Liberia; the involvement of and impact on women of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission; and the increase in violence against women caused by the proliferation of SALW.
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